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# KALKULATOR DAN

DARJAH
MINGGU 5

## SEKOLAH TELAH BERUBAH

dalam bilik darjah turut berubah?
Has technology
arrived in the
classroom?

THE
COMPUTER

Should we allow
technology into the
classroom?

TECH

SMART
DEVICES

CALCULATORS

Pertimbangkan senario
berikut

## You will deposit RM1000.00 every month

into a fixed deposit account for up to 12
months.
The bank is offering the following rates:

2.0%
2.2%
2.3%
2.5%

## p.a for a fixed period of 1 month

p.a.for a fixed period of 3 months
p.a. for a fixed period of 6 months
p.a. for a fixed period of 12 months

## Use pencil & paper

Use mental calculation

## How did you arrive at your

finding?
Which is more efficient?

Using
Using
Using
Using

algorithm?
calculator?
a computer?

## Walaupun kalkulator telah

lama digunapakai di sekolah,
beberapa mitos terus
wujud

Mitos:
1.

2.

## Penggunaan kalkulator tidak

memerlukan pemikiran
Penggunaan kalkulator
matematik pelajar semakin
merosot.

Mitos:
3.

4.

## Pengiraan dengan kalkulator

sentiasa lebih cepat.
Kalkulator berguna hanya
untuk pengiraan

appropriate?

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

6 x 1000
500 + 60 + 7
1000+2000+3000
1000-800
10x10x10x10

## Kalkulator perlu digunakan sebagai

alat pengiraan apabila....
Memudahkan penyelesaian
masalah
Memudahkan pengiraan yang
rumit
selesaian

menghilangkan kebimbangan
tentang kegagalan pengiraan
Memberi motivasi dan keyakinan

## How are calculators used

effectively in the classroom?

## Have students decide on

before they do the calculation
Use questions & discussion to help
processes used to arrive at answers
Mix in problems that are easier to
solve by hand or that become
complicated on the calculator so that
students will use the calculator
discriminately

Example

## The difference memorizing 5 x

5 = 25 and hitting 5 + on the
& multiplication
Underlying patterns of
multiplication can be seen in
the process

Komputer?

## Komputer boleh digunakan

dalam pelbagai cara di
dalam kelas matematik
Guru boleh menggunakan
komputer dalam
pengajaran dan
pembelajaran

statistik
graf,

## Pelajar boleh menjalankan

siasatan lanjutan idea-idea
matematik yang
memerlukan kemahiran
berfikir tinggi dan logik.

Komputer?

hands-on dalam
penyelesaian masalah
Membantu pelajar
memahami proses dan
pertimbangan yang
merupakan ciri utama
penyelesaikan masalah
matematik.
teknologi komputer di
dalam bilik darjah
meningkatkan praktikal dan
minat murid-murid.

the Classroom
CHARTS
DIAGRAMS

PERFORM
CALCS

TEACHER
DEMOS

THE
COMPUTER

ACCESS
INFO

IND
WORK

GROUP
WORK

Common Messages

## Appropriate use of calculators/technology is

encouraged.
The existence of calculators/technology does not
diminish the need for computational fluency.
Calculators/technology can support increased
understanding of mathematics.
Calculators/technology can support effective
teaching.
Calculators/technology are commonly used in
the workplace, therefore students should learn
to use these tools to solve problems.
Teachers are responsible for appropriate and
effective use of calculators/technology.

## What are the pros and cons of allowing students to use

calculators only after they have proven their ability to
compute with pencil and paper?
How can calculators be used to help students develop a
broader view of mathematics problem solving?
Can students be taught estimation techniques that will
help them recognize whether computer or calculator
results are reasonable? If so, how?
How can computers be used to help students develop
the mathematical reasoning and problem-solving
concepts required in the real world?
How can computers be used in mathematics programs
to simulate problem-solving situations and applications?

Sekian
Terima Kasih