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KALKULATOR DAN

KOMPUTER DALAM BILIK


DARJAH
MINGGU 5

DULU DAN KINI

SEKOLAH TELAH BERUBAH

Adakah Pengajaran dan Pembelajaran


dalam bilik darjah turut berubah?
Has technology
arrived in the
classroom?

THE
COMPUTER

Should we allow
technology into the
classroom?

TECH

SMART
DEVICES

CALCULATORS

Pertimbangkan senario
berikut

You will deposit RM1000.00 every month


into a fixed deposit account for up to 12
months.
The bank is offering the following rates:

2.0%
2.2%
2.3%
2.5%

p.a for a fixed period of 1 month


p.a.for a fixed period of 3 months
p.a. for a fixed period of 6 months
p.a. for a fixed period of 12 months

What is your choice for the period duration?

Use pencil & paper


Use mental calculation

What is your finding?

How did you arrive at your


finding?
Which is more efficient?

Using
Using
Using
Using

pencil & paper?


algorithm?
calculator?
a computer?

Apakah peranan kalkulator ?

Walaupun kalkulator telah


lama digunapakai di sekolah,
beberapa mitos terus
wujud

Mitos:
1.

2.

Penggunaan kalkulator tidak


memerlukan pemikiran
Penggunaan kalkulator
menjadikan pencapaian
matematik pelajar semakin
merosot.

Mitos:
3.

4.

Pengiraan dengan kalkulator


sentiasa lebih cepat.
Kalkulator berguna hanya
untuk pengiraan

When is calculator use


appropriate?

Calculator-to use or not to use


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

6 x 1000
500 + 60 + 7
1000+2000+3000
1000-800
10x10x10x10

Kalkulator perlu digunakan sebagai


alat pengiraan apabila....
Memudahkan penyelesaian
masalah
Memudahkan pengiraan yang
rumit
menumpukan perhatian kepada
selesaian

menghilangkan kebimbangan
tentang kegagalan pengiraan
Memberi motivasi dan keyakinan

How are calculators used


effectively in the classroom?

Have students decide on


reasonableness of calculator answers
before they do the calculation
Use questions & discussion to help
students think actively about the
processes used to arrive at answers
Mix in problems that are easier to
solve by hand or that become
complicated on the calculator so that
students will use the calculator
discriminately

Example

The difference memorizing 5 x


5 = 25 and hitting 5 + on the
keypad five times?
Connections between addition
& multiplication
Underlying patterns of
multiplication can be seen in
the process

Komputer?

Komputer boleh digunakan


dalam pelbagai cara di
dalam kelas matematik
Guru boleh menggunakan
komputer dalam
pengajaran dan
pembelajaran

statistik
graf,
spreadsheets,
Perkadaran

Pelajar boleh menjalankan


siasatan lanjutan idea-idea
matematik yang
memerlukan kemahiran
berfikir tinggi dan logik.

Komputer?

hands-on dalam
penyelesaian masalah
Membantu pelajar
memahami proses dan
pertimbangan yang
merupakan ciri utama
penyelesaikan masalah
matematik.
teknologi komputer di
dalam bilik darjah
meningkatkan praktikal dan
minat murid-murid.

Multiple Uses of Computers in


the Classroom
CHARTS
DIAGRAMS

PERFORM
CALCS

TEACHER
DEMOS

THE
COMPUTER

ACCESS
INFO

IND
WORK

GROUP
WORK

Common Messages

Appropriate use of calculators/technology is


encouraged.
The existence of calculators/technology does not
diminish the need for computational fluency.
Calculators/technology can support increased
understanding of mathematics.
Calculators/technology can support effective
teaching.
Calculators/technology are commonly used in
the workplace, therefore students should learn
to use these tools to solve problems.
Teachers are responsible for appropriate and
effective use of calculators/technology.

Questions to think about

What are the pros and cons of allowing students to use


calculators only after they have proven their ability to
compute with pencil and paper?
How can calculators be used to help students develop a
broader view of mathematics problem solving?
Can students be taught estimation techniques that will
help them recognize whether computer or calculator
results are reasonable? If so, how?
How can computers be used to help students develop
the mathematical reasoning and problem-solving
concepts required in the real world?
How can computers be used in mathematics programs
to simulate problem-solving situations and applications?

Sekian
Terima Kasih