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Plant, Material & Manpower

Management And Method


Statement
BSS666: LECT 9

LABOUR
MANAGEMENT

To complete
the job on time
To keep cost of
labour competitive

Objective of Labour
Management
To keep proper
record of workers

To ensure that
workers
continue to work
until the job
completion

To produce
quality work

How many workers are


required?
How is this determined?
Who makes the decisions?
When is this determined?

Task in Labour Management


Predicting
Planning
Organise
Control
Motivate
Communicate

Labour Force

Must be Legal and have permit (when it involves


foreign workers)

Transferred from
other project sites

Directly engaged
labour

Labour Employment

Sub-Contract / Kepala

Appointment of Sub-Contractors
Considerations:
1. Experience
2. Capital
3. Work Load
4. Quality

Implications of Wrong Appointment of Labour


Delays
Cannot work with others
Not cooperative with others
Wastage of time and materials
Poor work quality

Preparing the Labour Schedule


Based on:

Contract Period
Total Volume of Work

References:
i.

Contract Document (B.Q.) /


Quotation
ii. Plans & Specifications
iii. Method Statement

Maximum time available to do the work


Capacity of Plant and Equipment

Example of a Labour Schedule

Factors that Affect Labour Productivity

1. Salary
2. WorkingHours
3. Subsidised Meals
4. Insentives / bonus
5. Salary Increase
6. Proper place to stay
7. Transportation to workplace
8. Competent managers and supervisors
9. Sub-contracting the work

Labour Payment
Total of days worked
Direct Labour
Volume of work completed
Sub-contract labour/kepala

Summary on Labour Management


Labour contractors valuable asset
Labour are people that must be treated
properly/accordingly
Competitive salary with skills
Construction management team must understand
the capability of the labour team
Must have permits (legal workers)
Output quality and satisfactory

Plant & Equipment


Management

OBJECTIVES OF Plant & Equipment


Management

To maximise the plant and equipment output


To complement the works with available materials and labour
To reduce idling time
To control and complete the job faster (for big projects)

Contractors Plant and Equipment


Acquisition Policy

Buy
Rent
Buy and rent

Buy Plant and Equipment

Advantages:

Plant and equipment is available when


required
An important consideration for project award
Adds asset value to the company
Can be competitive in tender bids

Disadvantages:

Maintenance cost (workshop)


Storage cost
Operator cost
High capital investment

Rent Plant and Equipment

Advantages:

Low capital cost


No maintenance cost
No storage cost
Can be competitive in tender bids when
there are many suppliers

Disadvantages:

High tender cost because of high rental cost


May not be available when needed
Not a return in investment

Considerations to Buy or Rent


Depends upon:
Site location conditions
Period of use
Contractors available capital
Availability of storage /workshop
Availability of trained operator
Management and maintenance cost
Advantages/disadvantages of buying
Advantages/disadvantages of renting

flexibility

Capacity

Interdependency
with other
plant/equipment
and labour

Selecting the plant and equipment

Type of project

Type of Construction
Site condition and
location
Cost

Factors to be Considered in Plant and


Equipment Cost Control
Cost to be borne
Time when required
Frequency of use
Transportation to site cost
Durability
Maintenance
Depreciation cost

Summary
Economics (usage and return of investment)
Suitability with type and quantity of work
Availability of competent and responsible operator
Maintenance /rental cost
Storage and workshop
Future use

Summary (Contd)
Prevention of materials and labour wastage
Smooth execution of work
Productivity
Quality Control
Completion of project within the contract period