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# Mechanics of Materials

Mechanics of Solid
Strength of Materials
Mechanics of Deformable Bodies
Mekanika Kekuatan Bahan

## Eng. Mechanics Statics

Mechanics of Materials

Forces, Length

## Forces, Length, Section,

Mechanical Properties
of Materials

## Mekanika kekuatan bahan

Stress Analysis
Analisa Tegangan

Deflection Analysis
Analisa Lendutan

## Free-Body-Diagram, Internal Forces, Stress Formula,

Deflection Formula

## Konsep yang digunakan dalam

mekanika kekuatan bahan
Keseimbangan
Hukum Hooke
Kompatibilitas
Asumsi-Asumsi yang dipakai:
- Bahan homogen
- Bahan isotropis
- Deformasi relatif kecil

Stress:
Loads applied on a material are distributed over a surface.
For example, the point load shown
in the following figure might actually be a uniformly distributed load
that has been replaced by its equivalent point load.

Stress is the load applied per unit area of the surface it is applied on.
Normal stress is the stress normal to a surface
and is denoted by the symbol " " (sigma).
In the above figure the normal stress is uniform over the surface of the bar
and is given by

Shear stress is the stress tangent to a surface. If in the following figure the shear stress
(tau) that results in the shear load V is uniformly distributed over the surface,
then the shear stress can be calculated by dividing the shear force by the area it is applied on.

Unit Stress

## Basic modes of deformation of a material:

Extension, contraction, shearing

Bearing Stress

Strain:

## Strain is the way engineers represent the distortion of a body.

Axial strain (normal strain) in a bar is a measure of the extension of a bar per unit length of the bar
before deformation. The following figure shows a bar of initial length lo that is extended by
the application of a load to the length l.

Tensile Test
Uniaxial Testing
Machine:

## Engineering Stress-Strain Curve

for mild steel

Elastic Response
Hookes law:
Hookes law for extension:

## E is the elastic modulus

G is the shear modulus

Elastic-Plastic Response

Poissons Ratio

## The relation between the elastic moduli :

isotropic materials

1
x ( y z )
E
1

y ( x z )
E
1

z ( x y )
E

Pure shear:

xy yx
xy yx

G
G
yz zy
yz zy

G
G
xz zx
xz zx

G
G

## Volumetric strain during extension

Volumetric Strain (e):