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Definition of Terms:

Ethics
General and Special

Ethics
Morality
Church
Moral Integrity

SOCIAL MORALITY
and the CHURCH
Introduction: Moral Situation, Ethics,
Civil Society and Church

ETHICS
Etymologically:

It comes from two


Greek
word
ethos,
meaning
a
characteristic way of
doing things, or a body
of customs.
Hence, it is a study of
human customs or
ways
of
doing
things.

ETHICS
Classical Definition:

It is the science of the


morality of human acts.
It is a science because it is a
systematic
body
of
knowledge meant to guide
men in their pursuit of the
good and happy life.
It teaches how man ought to
live.

General Ethics
concerns the individual and what he

ought to do to live happy and fruitful


life in this world.

Special Ethics
Concerns the individual

as a member of society.
All
problems
concerning society and
the social order are
taken up

SCL

3 as Special
Ethics

MORALITY
Morality is the

quality of
goodness or
badness of human
acts.

MORAL INTEGRITY
beliefin their own moral

ethics and the


conviction to stick by
them even during times
of adversity and
misfortune.
Therefore a person who
is capable of sticking to
his ethics even during
hard times is said to
have moral integrity.

CHURCH
Church (Latin
ecclesia) originally
meant an assembly
gathered for a
religious purpose.
In Christian usage
the word church
refers to the
worshipping
community, the local
community or
parish and the
entire universal

THE SOCIAL
MISSION OF THE
CHURCH

CONTEMPORARY SOCIAL SITUATION


PROBLEMS
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

ROOT CAUSE SOLUTIONS


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Before
Christians are called to defend and profess

their faith by being martyred

St. Perpetua
A 22 yr. old woman and
mother of an infant
Died together with
companion martyrs in
203 AD

before
Christians are called to defend and profess

their faith by being martyred

today
Christians profess

their faith by
responding to our
societys common
concern
such as poverty,

human rights,
justice, peace, and
environmental
awareness.

THE SOCIAL MISSION OF THE


CHURCH
In her work of

evangelization, the Church


cannot play deaf to the
great problems of the
world

Part of her evangelizing

mission is to teach and


spread the Social Doctrine
of the Church

Social Doctrine of the Church

Inculcates a commitment to justice

THE SOCIAL MISSION OF


THE CHURCH
The core of the Churchs social mission is to

save man in his totality.

PROBLEMS OF TODAYS WORLD


Structural aspect

Moral aspect

Concerned with the


oppressive social
structures that block
mans total integral
liberation

refers to the
adherence to unjust
concepts and
principles about man
and society, i.e.
prevalence of
inhuman values

THE SOCIAL MISSION OF


THE CHURCH
The Church aims to correctly

form the peoples conscience


The Church offers values and

principles that must be


respected in a humane society

THE SOCIAL MISSION OF


THE CHURCH
The Church examines the signs of times and

interprets them in the light of the Gospel and


makes moral judgments on economic and social
matters

She condemns abuses, injustices and attacks

against freedom

She struggles for the defense and advancement

of the rights of mankind, esp. of the poor and the


oppressed

RESPONSE OF THE PHILIPPINE


CATHOLIC CHURCH
The Church adopts the

stance of constructive
critical collaboration with
civil authorities
The Church desires to

work for cultural change


There is an urgent need of

renewal of both the morals


and morale of the people

RESPONSE OF THE
PHILIPPINE CATHOLIC
CHURCH
CBCP proposed five (5) areas
of conversion among the
Filipinos:

A commitment to the common good


above personal and family interest

A commitment to honesty and


integrity in public service

An understanding of the
destination of the goods of the
earth for all, and of the social
dimension of the right to property

Conversion from the


consumerist mentality

A profound understanding of
the value of human work

Social change requires adjusting


the social order to the standards of
Christianity!

The Philippine Church envisions a Filipino


society

that is pro human person, pro country,


and pro God (Maka tao,
Maka bayan, at Maka Diyos)