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Govt.

College of Engineering
Chandrapur

HYBRID POWER GENERATION BY


SOLAR WIND

INTRODUCTION
It is possible that the world will face a global energy
crisis due to a decline in the availability of cheap oil
and recommendations to a decreasing dependency on
fossil fuel. This has led to increasing interest in
alternate power/fuel research such as fuel cell
technology, hydrogen fuel, biodiesel, solar energy,
geothermal energy, tidal energy and wind. Today, solar
energy and wind energy have significantly alternated
fossil fuel with big ecological problems.

RENEWABLE ENERGY

Renewable
Available in wide spread
Free from pollution
Clean and pure energy

Solar Energy
Sun rays converted into electrical energy
Unlimited supply
No negative impact
Free of cost
Free from pollution

Wind Energy
Converts wind energy into electrical energy
No fuel cost
Free from pollution

Geographical Region
Solar
Average solar radiation 5kwh/sq m
2300-3200 sun shine hours available per year
Available most part of country

Wind
Southern and Western coastal areas are ideal location
Annual average wind speed 5-6 m/s
Attractive option to supplement the energy supply

HYBRID
The thing made by combining two or more different

element.

Need of Hybridization
For increasing output
For fulfilling demand of consumer
Providing uninterrupted power supply
System can design for both off grid and on grid

DIFFERENT HYBRID POWER


TECHNOLOGY
Solar-Wind Hybrid Power
Solar-Diesel Hybrid Power
Wind-Hydro Hybrid Power
Wind-Diesel Hybrid Power

Solar-Wind Hybrid Power

Ideal alternative in areas where wind velocity 5.6 m/s

is available
Power clear and non polluting
Complement to each other
Stable power supply

COMPONENTS OF HYBRID
GENERATOR
Solar

panel

Controller
Monitors the system starting and stopping engine as
need

Why we use MPPT Charger Controller

Consider solar panel Kyocera KC 130. It is rated at 7.39


at 17.6

Its power output is 130 Watts .

Panel puts out 7.39 & battery charges under 12V

7.39 * 12V =88.8 Watts


We lost over 41 Watts. But we paid for 130 Watts.
To overcome this loss, we use MPPT Charger Controller.

Working of MPPT Charger Controller

Controller compares voltages of PV panel & Battery


Figure out best voltage to charge Battery

Example: Controller takes 17.6 Volts at 7.4 & gives


output to
10.8 at 12Volts .

10.8 * 12Volts = 129.6 Watts

Now we still have almost 130 Watts.

Batteries
Stored the energy

Inverter
Converts stored DC power to AC

WORKING
Solar & Wind turbine produced DC power
Inverter convert DC to AC
Controller monitors the system

CHOICE OF COMPONENT
Choice of components For 1000 Watt Load

Solar Panel:
Total load = 1000W
Period of operation or duration = 12 Hours
Then, Total Watt-Hour = 100012= 12000W-hr
The period of the solar panel exposed to the sun = 8
Hours (Averagely between 9am and 3pm)
Therefore solar panel wattage = 12000/8=1,500.
Hence solar panel of 1,500W will be needed for this
design.
If solar panel of 150W is to be use the number of panels
to arrange in parallel to achieve 1,500 Watt will be:
No of panel =1500W/150=10
This shows 10 of 150 Watt solar panel will be required for
this design

Charging Controllers:
For this design of 1000W solar power supply P=IV

Where
I is the expected charging current and
V is the voltage of the battery and V= 12 V
P is the power supply rating= 1000W
Hence I =/=1000/12=83.
Since the value 83.3 A Charging controllers is not
readily available in the market then 1000A charging
controller will be used.

Battery capacity:

Given that the total load P= 1000W and

Operational period = 12 Hours

Watt-hour capacity = 12,000 W-hr

To make the chosen battery to last long it is assumed that

only a quarter () of the battery capacity will be made used


of so that it will not be over discharged therefore hence the
required batter capacity will be

12, 000 4 = 48,000 W-hr

Now the choice of battery hour depends on A-H rating of the

storage battery.

For example 1500AH, 12V batteries the number of batteries


that will be needed is 48000/1500 = 32 batteries. Hence, for
this design , 1500AH 12V battery should be used, Therefore
the total number of storage battery required for 1000W solar
power supply system = 32

Inverter
Since the total load is 1000W it is advisable to size the

required inverter to be 1500W as designed for solar


panel ratings. Hence 1500W pure sign wave inverter is
recommended in other to prolong the lifespan of the
inverter.

APPLICATION
Hotels

Business (Institutions and Government)


Large Estate Houses
Factories and manufacturing facilities
Commercial Power generation
Street lighting

ADVANTAGES
Very high reliability (combines wind power, and solar

power)
Long term Sustainability
High energy output (since both are complimentary to
each other)
Cost saving (only one time investment)
Low maintenance cost (there is nothing to replace)
Long term warranty
No pollution
Clean and pure energy
Provides un-interrupted power supply to the equipment
The system gives quality power out-put DC to charge
directly the storage battery or provide AC.
The system can be designed for both off-grid and on grid
applications.
Efficient and easy installation, longer life

DISADVANTAGES
Large number of harmonics is produced.
Initial investment is more.
Large space is required for larger generations
Wind energy systems are noisy in operation; a large

unit can be heard many kilometers away.


Efficiency is less than conventional power plants.

CONCLUSION
By this project many villages can be lighted. For

villages which are much away from the construction


site of large power generating stations such as hydro
and nuclear can be provided power.
Also to satisfied the increasing demand of electricity
with clean hybrid power station by solar wind can be
used.

REFERENCES
www.solarserver.com
www.windpower.org
http//:www.scientific.net
W.W.S. Charters. Solar and Wind Power

Technologies. CSC Technical Publication


Services No 187, Commonwealth Science
Council. (1985).

Thank
You.