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Government Engineering

College Aurangabad.
Assignment on Accidents on construction site
submitted by:
Akshay Meshram (BE09F01F040)
Mrunal Humane (BE09FO1FO41)
Pratibha Nikumbh (BE09F01F043)
Seema Khadase(BE09F01F045)

Definitions

Safety is free from risk and danger.

Accidents is defined as an unexpected and desirable event


resulting in damage or harm.

Hazards is an unsafe condition or activity, that if left


uncontrolled can contribute to an accident.

Risk is the assessment of probability of loss and potential


amount of loss.

Injury is bodily harm such that as an puncture, wound, fracture


etc. Sustained as a result of an accident.

Causes of Accidents

Unsafe acts as part of workers


Injuries sustained to workers around machine & machine tools
Unsafe handling of materials
Falling of objects
Collapse of structures
Provision of inadequate space
Falling of workers from the height
Falling of ladders, scaffolding
Explosive accidents
Presence of poisonous gases in tunnels
Failure of excavation substratum

Precaution to be taken to avoid


Accidents

Everyone can get to their place of work safely


Edges from which people could fall are provided with double
guard rails or other suitable edge protection
Holes are protected with clearly marked and fixed covers to
prevent falls
Site is tidy
Good lighting
Fenced off from public
There should be regular inspection,maintance and construction
machinery, tools and equipment

Hygiene on construction site can be suitably


improved.
Charts, posters and show films on the need to follow
safety measures should be displayed
Exchange of ideas between labour and management
Give first aid training to some workers.

Working at Height
Using ladders or scaffolding without proper fixing is
crazy
Never use incomplete scaffolding.
Make sure there are hand rails and toe boards at all
edges
Things fall on sites, wear your helmet
Before starting work at heights check for clearance
from any overhead power lines

Safe Ladders
Never allow more than one
person on a ladder
Use tool belts or hand lines to
carry objects.
Do not lean out from the ladder in
any direction
If you have a fear of heights
dont climb a ladder
Do not allow others to work
under a ladder in use

LETHAL LADDERS:
Ladders kill a lot of people.
Make sure the ladder is:

Right for the job. Would scaffolding


or a cherry picker be better?
In good shape
Secured near the top
On a firm base and footing
4 up 1 out
Rising at least 1 meter beyond the landing place OR
that there is a proper hand hold

Always have a firm grip on the ladder


and keep a good balance

Consultnet Ltd

Working near Sewage


Health Risks:
*Gastroenteritis *Hepatitis
*Weils disease (Leptospirosis) {Rats Urine}
*Asthma *Skin/Eye infections
*Inflammation of the lungs
How to become infected:

Hand-to-mouth contact(eating, drinking, smoking, wiping the face with contaminated gloves) most common
Skin contact(cuts, scratches or wounds and some organisms enter the body through the eyes)
Breathing(either as dust or mist)

How to protect yourself:


Understand the risks
Understand how you may be infected
Wear protective clothing
Avoid sewage if possible
Apply good personal hygiene
Cleanse all wounds & cover
Change out of contaminated clothing
Clean equipment & tools etc on site
If in doubt - see your doctor

Consultnet Ltd

CRANE SAFETY
The weight of the load must be
carefully estimated
The crane must be fitted with an
automatic safe load indicator (one that
works)
The crane must always work on a
hard, level base
The load must be properly fixed and
secured
The banks man must be trained to give
clear signals

THE ROOF: A RISKY PLACE TO BE.

Always inspect a roof before you walk


on it
You must have protection to stop you
from falling off the edge
You must use proper safety harnesses
and running cables when working on
top of a roof
50% of fatal injuries involving roofs are
falls thru fragile materials, 30% are
falls from edges and openings

EXCAVATION WORK
All excavations deeper than 1.25meters must be
shored or battered.
Excavations deeper than 2 meters must have a guard
rail or barrier
Vehicles working too close to the side of the trench or
rubble piled on the sides may cause collapse
Vehicles tipping into the excavation
must use
stop blocks

Make sure the excavation is inspected


daily.
Make sure you know where any
underground pipes and cables are
before you hit them.
Trench sides can collapse without
warning

Traffic Vehicles & Plant

Vehicles and pedestrians should be kept apart on-site


separate them as much as possible using barriers
Adequate clearance around slewing vehicles
Avoid reversing where possible & use one-way system
Vehicles should have reversing alarms/sirens
Passengers only on vehicles designed to carry them

Electricity
Treat electricity with respect
Check constantly that cables are not damaged or worn
Keep trailing cables off the ground and away from
water
Never overload or use makeshift plugs and fuses
Machine should be operated only after the instruction
are received.

BASIC SAFETY PHILOSOPHY


FOR SUCCESS

All accidents are preventable.


No job is worth getting hurt for.
Every job will be done safely.
Incidents can be managed.
Safety is everyones responsibility.
Continuous improvement.
Safety as a way of life for 24 hours/day
All individuals have the responsibility and accountability to
identify eliminate or manage risks associated with their workplace
Individual will be trained and equipped to have the skills and
facilities to ensure an accident free workplace

Personal protective clothing and


eqiupment (PPE)
Legal requirements
Eye protection
Respiratory protection
Ear protection
Face protection
Head protection
Hand protection
Foot protection
Body protection
Fall protection

Hints for safe working


Good housekeeping, cleanliness of machine tools,
equipments, place of work, good disposal of wastes at
site.
Use of appropriate tools for each job.
Handling of electrical appliances, electric tools &
fixtures in construction operation must be done with a
specific care.
Machine should be operated only after through
instructions are received.
Construction machinery should be stopped & locked
in a stationary position before being oiled lubricants.

safety equipments
Use of goggles while drilling, welding
Suitable & safe shoes, helmets should be used.
Suitable gloves & pads should be used while handling
sharp, heavy, rough or hot material.
Safety shoes having a steel toe cap form a protection
for heavy material handlers.
Respirators worn over the nose & mouth to purify the
air are used for spray painters or workers in
extremely dirty places.

REFERENCES
Senagupta, construction management & planning
Peurify, construction planning, equipment & methods
Grifitth A & Howarth T. 2000. Construction health &
safety management. Pearson Education Limited
www.google.com

THANK YOU!