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Ventilation 1 - Program

Presented by Training Staff


Bureau of Deep Mine Safety

Basic Math & Problem


Solving

Review of Formula Terms


a = sectional area of airway, in square feet (ft.2)
l = length of airway, in feet (ft.)
o = perimeter of airway, in feet (ft.)
s = rubbing surface, in square feet (ft2)
v = velocity of air current, in feet per minute
(fpm)
q = quantity of air, in cubic feet per minute (cfm)

COMMON AREA FORMULAS

Rectangular or Square Dimension:


Area = Height X Width

Note: Please remember to convert inches into the decimal


equivalent of one foot - inches divided by 12

Practice Problems Area ; Rectangle


Determine the area of a
mine entry that is 19
feet wide and 7 feet
high:

7
19

Solution:
A=WxH
A = 19 x 7
A = 133 sq. ft.

Practice Problems Area ; Rectangle


Determine the area of a
mine entry that is 18
feet wide and 5 feet, 6
inches high:

56
18

Solution:
A=WxH
A = 5.5 x 18
A = 99 sq. ft.

Practice Problems
3 Determine the area of
a mine entry that is
17 feet 3 inches wide
and 6 feet 9 inches
high:
69
173

3 Solution:
A=WxH
A = 17.25 x 6.75
A = 116.44 sq. ft.

COMMON AREA FORMULAS

Trapezoid:
Area = Top Width + Bottom Width
2

Height

Practice Problems Area ; Trapezoid


Determine the area of
a mine entry that is
6 foot high, and 18
feet wide across the
top, and is 19 feet
wide across the
bottom.

18

6
19

Solution:
Area = Top Width + Bottom Width

Height

A = 18 + 19 x 6
2
A = 37 x 6
2
A = 18.5 x 6
A = 111.00 sq. ft.

Practice Problems Area ; Trapezoid


Determine the area of
a mine entry that is
5 foot high, and 20
feet wide across the
top, and is 22 feet
wide across the
bottom.
20
5
22

Solution:
Area = Top Width + Bottom Width
Height
2

A = 20 + 22 x 5
2
A = 42 x 5
2
A = 21 x 5
A = 105 sq. ft.

Practice Problems
6 Determine the area of
a mine entry that is 4
foot 6 inches high,
and 17 feet wide
across the top, and is
20 feet wide across
the bottom. 17
46
20

6 Solution:
Area = Top Width + Bottom Width
Height
2

A = 17 + 20 x 4.5
2
A = 37 x 4.5
2
A = 18.5 x 4.5
A = 83.25 sq. ft.

COMMON AREA FORMULAS - Circle

Circular:
A = x D2
4

or

diameter

A = x R2

radius
Please use the following
For Pi

= 3.1416

Practice Problems Area ; Circle


Determine the area of
a circle that has an
diameter of 20 feet
9inches.

Solution:
A = x R2
R = 20.75

= 10.375

A = 3.1416 x 10.3752
R

A = 3.1416 x 107.640
A = 338.16 sq. ft.

Area - Circle
Determine the area of
a circular air shaft
with a diameter of 20
feet

Solution:

A = x R2
R = 20

= 10

A = 3.1416 x 102
20

A = 3.1416 x 100
A = 314.16 sq. ft.

Practice Problems
Determine the area of
a circle that has an
diameter of 17 feet.

17

Solution:
A = x r2
R = 17 = 8.5
2

A = 3.1416 x 8.52
A = 3.1416 x 72.25
A = 226.98 sq. ft.

Perimeters

Square or Rectangle
o = Top Width + Bottom Width + Side 1 + Side 2

Remember, perimeter measured in linear feet

Practice Problem Perimeter ; Rectangle

Determine the
Solution:
= Top Width + Bottom Width + Side 1 +
perimeter of an oSide
2
entry 7 feet high o = 22 + 22 + 7 + 7
and 22 feet wide. o = 58 feet

7 ft.
22 ft.

Practice Problem Perimeter ; Rectangle

Solution:
Determine the
perimeter of an o = Top Width + Bottom Width + Side 1 +
Side 2
entry 6 feet 6
inches high and o = 6.5 + 6.5 + 20.25 + 20.25
20 feet 3 inches
wide.
o = 53.5 feet
6ft.6in.
20ft.3in.

Perimeters - Circle

o = x Diameter
= 3.1416
Diameter

Perimeter - Circle
Determine the
perimeter of a circular
air shaft with a
diameter of 17 feet, 6
inches.
176

Solution:

o = x Diameter
o = 3.1416 x 17.5 ft.
o = 54.978 ft.

Perimeter - Circle
Determine the
perimeter of a circular
air shaft with a
diameter of 20 feet

20

Solution:

o = x Diameter
o = 3.1416 x 20 ft.
o = 62.83 ft.

Perimeter - Circle
Determine the
perimeter of a circular
air shaft with a radius
of 9 feet.

Solution:
D=2xr
D = 2 x 9 ft.
D = 18 ft.
= 3.1416

9
o = x Diameter
o = 3.1416 x 18.0 ft.
o = 56.548 ft.

Formula Equations
Quantity of Air (cfm)
Algebraic Circle
Q = AV
Quantity = Area X Velocity
Q
Velocity of air (fpm)
V = _ Q_
A V
A
Velocity = Quantity Area
Area (when velocity and quantity a known)
A = _Q_
V
Area = Quantity Velocity

Practice Problem - Quantity


Find the quantity of air
passing thru an entry
17 feet 6 inches wide
and 9 feet high, with
180 fpm registered on
the anemometer.
A = WH
Q = AV

Solution:
A = WH
A = 17.5 x 9
A = 157.5 sq. ft.
Q = AV
Q = (157.5 sq.ft.)(180
fpm)
Q = 28,350 CFM

Practice Problem - Quantity

Find the quantity of


air passing thru and
entry 18 feet wide
and 6 feet 6 inches
high, with 110 fpm
registered on the
anemometer.
A = WH
Q = AV

Solution:
A = WH
A = 18 x 6.5
A = 117 sq. ft.
Q = AV
Q = (117 sq.ft.)(110
fpm)
Q = 12,870 CFM

Practice Problem - Velocity

What is the velocity


in a entry 10 feet
high and 22 feet
wide, with a
quantity of 11,380
CFM?
A = WH
V = _Q_
A

Solution:
A = WH
A = 22 ft. x 10 ft.
A = 220 sq. ft.
V = _Q_
A
V = 11,380 CFM
220 sq.ft.
V = 51.72 fpm

Practice Problem - Area


An entry has 12,500
CFM of air with a
velocity of 150 fpm.
What is the area of
the entry?
A = _Q_
V

Solution:
A = _Q_
V
A = 12,500 CFM
150 fpm
A = 83.33 sq. ft.