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ANALISA DAN OPTIMASI PERANCANGAN (AOD)

Formulasi Optimasi Desain


(Optimum Design Problem Formulation)

Ayi Ruswandi Dipl. Ing. HTL, MT


Politeknik Manufaktur Bandung (POLMAN)
Jl. Kanayakan No. 21 Bandung 40135
Telp.: +62 22 2500241, Fax.: +62 22 2502649
Email:polman@polman-bandung.ac.id
http://polman-bandung.ac.id

23/05/16

ANALISA DAN OPTIMASI PERANCANGAN (AOD)

Formulasi Optimasi Desain

1. Pendahuluan
Optimasi numeric merupakan suatu alat bantu (tools)
yang diperlukan untuk menciptakan desain (produk) yang
optimal.
Dalam mempelajari optimasi desain, penting akan
pemahaman perbedaan analisis dan desain.
Analisis merupakan proses untuk menentukan respon
suatu system/konstruksi terhadap lingkungannya.
Contoh. Perhitungan kekuatan bahan suatu konstruksi
terhadap
beban yang bekerja padanya.
Desain merupakan proses mendefinisikan suatu sistem.
Ex. Mendefinisikan bentuk, dimensi dan lokasi suatu
rangka/bagian yang diperlukan untuk mendukung

ANALISA DAN OPTIMASI PERANCANGAN (AOD)

Formulasi Optimasi Desain

optimization dapat digunakan baik pada tahapan desain


ataupun analisis.
Sebenarnya, optimasi merupakan proses mencari/menemukan
maksimum atau minimum beberapa parameter desain (fungsi
objektif) dengan mempertimbangkan beberapa keterbatasan
(fungsi kendala).
For the design to be acceptable, it must also satisfy a
certain set of specified requirement called constraints.
Numerical optimization techniques offer a logical approach
to design automation and many algorithms have been
proposed in recent years.
The purpose of this course is to attempt to bridge the gap
between optimization theory and its practical applications.

ANALISA DAN OPTIMASI PERANCANGAN (AOD)

Formulasi Optimasi Desain

Goal of the design engineer is to develop the


best possible system, consistent with the
resources allocated for the project, to perform a
prescribed job.
If you dont do the best you can with what
you happened to have got, you will
never do the best you might have done
with what you should have had
Optimum Design: Determination of the best
feasible combination of system variables
according to a pre-selected quantitative measure
of effectiveness.

ANALISA DAN OPTIMASI PERANCANGAN (AOD)

Formulasi Optimasi Desain

Steps of Design

Define functional requirements.


Conceptual design - Limited analysis Preliminary design - Analysis with idealized models
Detailed design - Accurate analysis tools Testing and verification
Iteration between various steps is often requited

Steps 0f Design optimization


Step 1: Project/problem statement.
Step 2: Data and information collection.

Step 3: Identification/definition of design variables.


Step 4: Identification of a criterion to be optimized.

ANALISA DAN OPTIMASI PERANCANGAN (AOD)

Formulasi Optimasi Desain

Design variables (set of variables that describe the


system):
x = x1, x2, . . . . . , xn; or x = (x1, x2, . . . . . . . , xn)T
types of design variables (DVs)
physical nature: dimensional, shape, material, topology
numerical nature: continuous, discrete valued, integer,
binary (0/1)
Selection of DVs may not be unique.
DVs should be independent of each other.
For design variables use as many independent

ANALISA DAN OPTIMASI PERANCANGAN (AOD)

Formulasi Optimasi Desain

Objective function (merit function)


measure of goodness of the system that is being designed:
f(x) = f(x1, x2, . . . . . . . , xn)
to be Maximized or Minimized
types of objective function
physical nature
: cost, profit, weight, deformations,
stress
mathematical nature: linear or nonlinear
Exp.

ANALISA DAN OPTIMASI PERANCANGAN (AOD)

Formulasi Optimasi Desain

Constraints: define the boundaries of the feasible design


space
constraints on design variables
o direct limitations on DV's (side constraints);
o relations between dvs (variable linking); e.g.,

constraints on system behavior


o limits on system output; e.g. stress, displacement, buckling
load limits.
o

physicalconstraints
laws governing the system; conservation of mass,
inequality
energy.

equality constraints

ANALISA DAN OPTIMASI PERANCANGAN (AOD)

Formulasi Optimasi Desain

Formulation of an optimum design problem


involves transcribing a verbal statement of the
problem into a well defined mathematical
statement
Standard Mathematical Statement
Minimize

subject to

ANALISA DAN OPTIMASI PERANCANGAN (AOD)

Formulasi Optimasi Desain