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Industrial Skills

Personal Safety &


Accident Prevention

Accident: A sudden, unplanned event


which has the potential for producing injury
or damage.
Safety experts concentrate their efforts in two general areas:

Accident Prevention

Education
Training
Personal Awareness

Accident Mitigation

Procedures
Safety Equipment
Proper Tools

Individuals must continually recognize


the four factors that play a major role in
the safe performance of an activity:
The

difficulty of the activity.


The ability level required.

Expertise
Physical limitations.

The

immediate state of the technician.

Physiological
Psychological

The

condition of the environment.

100 million workers in the U.S.


3.2

million suffer occupational injuries


each year Emergency Room.
One on-the-job accidental death in the
U.S. every 40 minutes.
300 on-the-job injuries every minute.

Negligence is a major cause of


industrial accidents!

Keys to Accident Prevention:


Think

about what you are doing!


Pay attention to signs, labels & tags.
Wear the right PPE (Personal Protection Equipment).
Read the MSDS (Material Safety Data Sheet) for
each material you use.
Practice good housekeeping.
Use proper lifting techniques.

Major Causes of Accidents:


Carelessness
Recklessness
Fatigue
Stress
Overexertion

Test Yourself:
See

if you can spot what may be an


unsafe activity in the following images.
Can you tell us why?

The image shown below poses a risk of damage and/or


personal
injury because:
A) Nobody is wearing a hard hat.
B)
C)

Improper lifting techniques are being used.


By not fully understanding the difficulty of the activity, these men
may not be able to recognize and evaluate the hazards involved.

The image shown below poses a risk of damage and/or


personal
because:
A)
Nobodyinjury
is wearing
personal protective gear.
B)
C)

These men are attempting a skill beyond their ability.


The immediate state of the performer is significantly
affecting their ability to perform certain tasks.

The image shown below poses a risk of damage and/or


personal injury because:
A)
B)
C)

Several of the technicians face a risk of heat exhaustion.


These men are attempting a skill beyond their ability.
Man-made environmental hazards and/or lack of personal
protective gear may play a role in the safe performance of
this activity.

The image shown below poses a risk of damage and/or


personal injury because:
A)
B)

C)

D)

This man is not wearing a


hard hat.
This man probably did not
get enough sleep last
night.
Inadequate knowledge
may have led to a failure
to recognize and evaluate
the hazards involved.
His safety goggles are
fogging up due to the high
humidity.

The image shown below poses a risk of damage and/or


personal injury because:
A)
B)

C)

D)

This man is not wearing


safety gloves.
This man probably did
not read the warning
label on this light fixture.
Inadequate knowledge
may have led to a failure
to recognize and
evaluate the hazards
involved.
The condition of the
environment in which this
activity is being
performed may include
unsafe machinery.

The damage shown in the image below could be the


result of:
A)

B)

C)
D)

Insufficient skill or
attempting a skill
beyond ones
ability.
The physiological
effects of
substance abuse
and/or lack of
sleep.
Careless operation
of a motor vehicle.
Unsafe machinery.

The damage shown in the image below could be the


result of:
A)

B)

C)

D)

Insufficient skill
or attempting a
skill beyond
ones ability.
The
physiological
effects of
substance
abuse and/or
lack of sleep.
Careless
operation of a
motor vessel.
Reckless
operation of a
motor vessel.

The damage shown in the image below could be the


result of:
A)
B)

C)
D)
E)

Poor housekeeping
skills.
Man-made
environmental
hazards.
Careless operation
of a motor vehicle.
Unsafe machinery.
The physical
limitations of the
equipment operator.
(ie. Hearing, vision,
reaction time, etc.)

Natural environmental factors may affect a persons


ability to safely perform a variety of routine tasks.
True
False

THINK SAFETY!

Because we never know when


the Buck will stop with us!