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Answers

Conceptual Phase
Ma. Irma Bustamante, RN, PhD

Answer Question 1
An expression of a dilemma or a
disturbing situation that needs
investigation.
A. Problem stem
B. Problem statement
C. Problem investigation
D. Problem verbalization

Answer Question 2
A well planned study according to Burns
and Grove (2007) can be described as:
A. fast, fit, furious
B. fast, simple, fit
C. fit, feasible, firm
D. fit, flow, feasible

Answer Question 3
The variable that presumed to be the
cause is called:
A. Independent variable
B. Dependent variable
C. Extraneous variable
D. Demographic variable

Answer Question 4
The best control over unknown variables
A. Rigor
B. Randomization
C. Scientific method
D. Statistics

Answer Question 5
Age, height, and weight are examples of:
A. Categorical variables
B. Anthropometric variables
C. Continuous variables
D. Antecedent variables

Answer Question 6
What defines the delimitations of a study?
A. Limitations
B. Weaknesses
C. Significance
D. Scope

Answer Question 7
It describes how variables or concepts will
be measured or manipulated in the study.
A. Operational definition
B. Conceptual definition
C. Definition of terms
D. Clarification of terms

Answer Question 8
It indicates the general goal of the study
and describe the direction of the inquiry.
A. Purpose
B. Significance
C. Scope
D. Delimitation

Answer Question 9
It discusses the importance of the study
for the nursing profession.
A. Purpose
B. Significance
C. Scope
D. Delimitation

Answer Question 10
Any fact presumed to be true but not
actually verified.
A. Hypothesis
B. Proposition
C. Assumption
D. Theory

Answer Question 11
A critical summary of research on a topic
of interest, often prepared to put a
research problem in context is called:
A. Systematic review
B. Meta-analysis
C. Meta-synthesis
D. Literature review

Answer Question 12
It refers to published reports of actual
research studies done previously.
A. Research literature
B. Conceptual literature
C. Integrative review
D. Meta-analysis

Answer Question 13
It is a description of a study or studies
prepared by someone other than the
original researcher.
A. Primary source of literature
B. Secondary source of literature
C. Tertiary source of literature
D. None of the above

Answer Question 14
When does one stop searching the literature?
A. Seeing the same articles, authors, themes,
and patterns
B. When there is no more fund to pay articles
C. When the researcher is satisfied with the
literature that were searched
D. Seeing the same author in the same journal

Answer Question 15
It summarizes and critiques the state of
the science about a specific research topic
by analyzing previously conducted
research studies
A. Meta-synthesis
B. Meta-analysis
C. Integrative review
D. Systematic review

Answer Question 16
A quantitative approach which combines the
results of several studies addressing a
common problem and are statistically
integrated and analyzed to determine the
effectiveness of interventions.
A. Meta-synthesis
B. Meta-analysis
C. Integrative review
D. Systematic review

Answer Question 17
It is a technique for generating new
insights and understanding from
qualitative health care research.
A. Meta-synthesis
B. Meta-analysis
C. Integrative review
D. Systematic review

Answer Question 18
The major activity of the literature review
is:
A. Summarizing the literature
B. Synthesizing the literature
C. Examining the literature
D. Listing published studies

Answer Question 19
Undertaking clinical fieldwork is done because
nurses:
A. may discuss clinical problems
with clinicians
B. may discuss issues with health
care administrators.
C. may talk about health concerns
with patients.
D. All of the above

Answer Question 20
Clinical fieldwork can provide the following:
1. perspectives on recent clinical trends
2. current diagnostic procedures
3. relevant health care delivery models
4. latest studies on complimentary alternative
medicine (CAM)
A. 1,2,3,4
C. 1,2,3
B. 1,2,4
D. 1, 2

Answer Question 21
The abstract, logical structure of meaning
that guides the development of the study
and enables the researcher to link the
findings to nursing's body of knowledge.
A. Framework
B. Concepts
C. Idea
D. Paradigm

Answer Question 22
A pattern, plan, representation, or
description designed to show the main
object or working of an object, system, or
concept.
A. Conceptual framework
B. Theoretical framework
C. Diagram
D. Model

Answer Question 23
The purpose/s of a framework include:
A. Allows researchers to build upon one
anothers work
B. Provides clear links from the literature to
the research goals and questions.
C. B only
D. A & B

Answer Question 24
Quantitative research uses the framework
for:
A. Theory development
B. Theory testing
C. Theory comparison
D. Theory building

Answer Question 25
Quantitative research uses the framework
for:
A. Theory development
B. Theory testing
C. Theory comparison
D. Theory building

Answer Question 26
It diagrams the interrelationships of the
concepts and statements.
A. Conceptual map
B. Framework
C. Research flowchart
D. Research diagram

Answer Question 27
When a researcher utilizes the work of
Madeleine Leininger, the study has a:
A. Theoretical framework
B. Conceptual framework
C. Philosophical underpinning
D. Logical underpinning

Answer Question 28
A tentative, declarative statement about
the relationship between two or more
variables.
A. Proposition
B. Hypothesis
C. Assumption
D. Problem

Answer Question 29
The following are sources of hypothesis
except:
A. Real life experiences
B. Literature review
C. Both of the above
D. None of the above

Answer Question 30
The hypothesis which is tested with
statistics is:
A. Research hypothesis
B. Null hypothesis
C. Simple hypothesis
D. Complex hypothesis

Answer Question 31
The hypothesis which is from the
expectation based on theory is:
A. Research hypothesis
B. Null hypothesis
C. Simple hypothesis
D. Complex hypothesis

Answer Question 32
The hypothesis with one independent and
one dependent variable.
A. Research hypothesis
B. Null hypothesis
C. Simple hypothesis
D. Complex hypothesis

Answer Question 33
It proposes a cause and effect interaction
between two or more variables, the
independent and dependent variables.
A. Causal hypothesis
B. Proposition
C. Associative hypothesis
D. Assumption

Answer Question 34
How should the hypothesis be worded?
A. Past tense
B. Present tense
C. Past participle
D. Future tense

Answer Question 35
Hypotheses are never proved through
hypothesis testing.
A. True
B. False
C. Neutral
D. Uncertain

Hurrah

End of answers for part 1