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Course Overview Diagram

Course
CourseOverview
Overview

Introduction
Introduction

Warehouse
WarehouseManagement
Management
Structure
Structure

Master
MasterData
Data

WM
WMdocuments
documents: :
TR,TO
TR,TOand
andPCN
PCN

Warehouse Management
Bin Management

Movements

Planning and Monitoring

Radio - Frequency

Warehouse Control

WM Integration with Other Systems


Inventory Management

Quality Management

Production Supply

Delivery Processing

Transportation

Human Resources
3

Integration Process

Source
Source
determination
determination

Invoicing

Payment

IM

Inventory
Inventory

Accounts

Good
s
Issue

Shipping

Debitor

Creditor

Goods
Receipt

Requirement

Requiremen
t
determinati
on

Logistics Execution
(LE)

Order
Processing
Requirement

Presales
Activities

PO
PO
Processing
Processing

Invoice
Invoice
verification
verification

Paymen
t

Purchasing (MM)
4

WM-System Hierarchy

Warehouse (complex) number

Storage type

Storage section/ Picking area

Quants are defined by:

Material / Batch
Stock category
Special stock
Plant / Storage location
Storage unit number

Storage bin

Quant

Examples of a (Physical) Warehouse Structure

Plants

Storage
areas
A
B

HRS

Picking areaBulk storage HRS Shelving area

The Warehouse Structure in the IM System


Plants
Plants

0001

Storage
locations

0001
0001

0002
0002

0002

0001
0001

0002
0002

0003
0003

Possible Structure with the WM System (1-1)

Scenario 1
Example 1
Plants

0001

0002

0088
0088

0088
0088

Warehouse number 001

Warehouse number 002

Storage
locations

Storage
types

001
001

002
002

001
001

002
002

003
003
8

Possible Structure with the WM System (1-2)


Scenario 1
Example 2
Plants

Storage
locations

0001

0002

0088
0088

0088
0088

0001
0001

Warehouse number 001

Storage
types

001
001

002
002

003
003

004
004
9

Possible Structure with the WM System (2)


Scenario 2
Plant

0001

Storage
locations

0087
0087

0088
0088

0003
0003

Warehouse number 001

Storage
types

001
001

002
002

003
003

004
004
10

Possible Structure with the WM System (3)


Scenario 3
Plant
Plant

0001

Storage
locations

0090
0090

0088
0088

0092
0092

Warehouse number 001

Storage
types

902
902

004
004

005
005

100
100

916
916
11

Warehouse Hierarchy

Warehouse:
Organizational divisioning, usually of a plant that is used
for the purpose of managing materials or goods that are
stored in storage bins.
Storage Type:
A physical or logical storage area that can be defined for a
warehouse in the WM system. Warehouse is further divided
into Storage types based on Spatial, Technical and/or
Organizational Characteristics e.g.:- Bulk Storage ,Open
Storage, High Rack Storage, Picking Area, Shelf Storage.
There are some storage types shared by WM and IM for
operational purposes called as Interim Storage Areas. They
are :-Goods Receipt Area , Goods Issue Area , Interim
Storage Area for differences and Posting Change Zone

Warehouse Hierarchy
Storage Section / Picking Area:
A logical or physical subdivision of the storage type that
groups together Storage Bins. The sectioning id done
based on criteria Fast moving items, Slow moving items,
Casting /forging commodities, Proprietary items etc
Storage Bin:
The smallest addressable unit of space in a warehouse
(often referred to as a storage slot). Since the address
of a storage bin is frequently derived from a coordinate
system, a storage bin is often referred to as a coordinate.
Quant:
The existence of a material or a batch (same lot number)
of a material in a storage bin. The material quantity in a
quant can be increased by an addition to existing stock

Storage Bins and Quants

Bin type

High bins

Lower bins

Lower bins

Fast-moving
items
Fast-moving
items

Storage
section
14

Warehouse Hierarchy
Interim Storage Bins Interim Storage Bins are
assigned to the Interim Storage Types /areas.
Interim Storage bins can have 3 types of Coordinates
Pre defined Normal ascending order co-ordinates
Dynamic Generated dynamically during GR e.g.:
GR number as the bin number. This is configured
during the definition of movement type in WM
Fixed The Storage bin is fixed for the Material and
maintained in the Material Master WM view. This
will need to extend the material to Storage Type
level.

Organization Structures in the Warehouse

W
A
R
E
H
O
U
S
E

D
O
O
R

S
T
A
G
I
N
G
A
R
E
A

Goods Issue

Goods Receipt

16

Warehouse Level Data

Define Weights/
Units of Measure

Notifications &
Messages

Assign
Region
Code

Assign
Number
Ranges

Define
Blocking
Logic

Allow
Partial Picking

Control Data

Define
Differences

17

Storage Type Level Data

Storage type Level

Placement
Strategies

Assign Inventory
Methods

Activate Full
Removal

Activate Storage
Unit Management

Activate Hazardous
Material Handling

Removal
Strategies

18

Master Data

Warehou
se
Material

Warehouse
Structure
Warehouse number
Storage type
Storage bins

Material
General data
Data/warehouse no.
Data/storage type

19

Storage Bin Data

Warehouse no.:
001
Storage type 001
Storage bin: 0102-02

Storage bin
data
Section
Capacity
Storage bin type
Blocking indicator
Inventory data
Verification Data

Quant data
Material number
Stock quantity
GR date
Inventory data
Inspection Lot
SLED
20

Screens in a Material Master

Material
Material

Views
- Basic data
- Purchasing
- Accounting
- Warehouse
Management

(Ind. sector)
(Material type)
(Reference)

Organizational
levels
- Plant
- Storage location
- Warehouse no.
- Storage type

Data screen(s)

: Standard screen sequence (without preselection)


21

Define Sort Sequence for Placement / Removal


Storage type
001
Top view

Ro
w

Storage bin
L L
Sort Sequence
1 2
Sort field

R R

S S
3

L L S S
R = Row (Aisle)
S = Stack
L = Level

without sort variable


with sort variable
22

Material Data
General Data
Material number
Description
Weight
Base unit of measure
Order unit
Hazardous material number
...

Plant-Specific Data
Requirements planning data
Issue unit of measure
Batch check requirement
...

Warehouse No.-Specific Data


WM unit of measure
Storage type indicator
Storage section indicator
Storage unit quantity
...

Storage Type-Specific Data


Fixed bin
Control quantity
Replenishment quantity
Max./min. per storage bin
Rounding quantity

23

Warehouse Structure in the System


Storage
Storage type
type
902
902

Storage type 001

GR
GR area
area

Good receipt

High rack storage


Storage type 004

Bulk storage
Storage
Storage type
type
910
910

Storage type 005

GI
GI area
area

Goods issue

Fixed Bin area


24

WM Documents
Goods Receipt Process

GR area

25

Process for Stock Placement

IM
Goods
Receipt

WM

IM

Transfer
Requirement
QUANT

Transfer
Order

Confirmation/
differences

differences

26

Steps for Stock Placement

Goods receipt
posting TO
from TR

TO

Pallet
slip

Stock available

Confirm
transfer
order

27

Transfer Requirement Information


Transfer Requirement (TR) is created in order to plan a stock
movement.
The TR indicates a need to move a specific quantity (quant) of a
material into the warehouse (stock placement) or to move a quantity
out of the warehouse (stock removal). Depending on the type of
movement, TR are normally created automatically as a result of a
transaction in another SAP component.
The TR provides information about anticipated stock movements.
The TR is later converted into one or several Transfer Orders (TO).
A transfer requirement (TR) contains the following information:
What is to be moved (material number)?
How much is to be moved (quantity)?
How is it palletized (material master)?
What is the reason/origin (movement type / purchase order)?
What has already been moved (if partial)?

28

Transfer Order Information


Transfer order

The transfer order is an instruction to move materials from a source storage bin to
a destination storage bin within the warehouse complex.
Transfer orders contain the following information:
Material number
Quantity to be moved
Source, destination and return storage bins
The information that the transfer order needs comes from several sources:
Material master record
Warehouse management movement type
Strategies for finding the source or destination storage bins
User entries
Source documents, such as transfer requirements and deliveries
You can also create TO manually, for example, to move stock from one storage
bin to another within the warehouse.
The Destination Bin can be changed during confirmation of TO.

Transfer Requirement Information

Goods
GoodsReceipt
Receipt
area
area

Transfer
Transferrequirement
requirement

Goods
GoodsIssue
Issue
area
area

What
How much
Palletization
When
From where
Reason/Origin

Storage area
30

Screen Sequence in Transfer Order Creation

TR

TR items

Transfer requirement list

Overview of TR items

Preparation screen

Details of TO item

31

Palletization Notices
Preparation
screen

TR item 1

Transfer order

200 pcs

Item 1 50 pcs
Item 2 50 pcs
Item 3 50 pcs
Item 4 50 pcs

Mat. master
Pallet S1
50 pcs
32

Transfer Order Confirmation


TO Header
TO Items
---

Item material src bin

TO item
item...
1

materia
l
tmx1

dest
bin
01-01

act
quantity
50

diff quantity ...


5

45

2
tmx1
3

01-02

50
33

tmx2

Printing a Transfer Order

Item 1
Item 2
Item 3

TA
Item 1

Mat 1

Src. Dest.

Item 2

Mat 2

Src. Dest.

Item 3
.
.
.

Single printout

Pick list

.
.
.

Multiple printout

34

TO Creation Process
TO creation

Immediate

Automatic

Posting Change Notice(PCN)

Posting change
A posting change refers to a change in information about a
particular material. A posting change usually changes (at
least) one quant characteristic (matl. No., batch,
stk.category, sp.stk indicator, plant, or storage location) .
For e.g. when releasing stock from inspection.
For most posting changes, the goods themselves remain in
the same location and no physical stock transfer takes
place.
Reasons for making Posting Changes

Releasing stocks from Inspection to Available


Converting Block stock to Inspection
Designating Available material as Inspection
Changing the material number
Splitting available material in batches
Converting special stocks into own stocks
Changing ownership of stock in same WM from one plant to another.

PCN cont

Some Transactions

LS01N / LS02N/LS03N Create / Change/ Display


Storage Bin
LX20- Create Interim Storage
LS04 Empty Storage Bins
LS25 Bin Stock
LX04 Capacity Load Utilization
LS26- Warehouse Stock overview ( MMBE of WM)
LT23 TO List
LX09 TR General overview
LU04 PCN List
LLVS- In easy access for only WM application.