Anda di halaman 1dari 3

PROPERTIE

OF

Liquid is one of the four fundamental states of


matter Example.
(the othersWater,Blood,
being solid, gas, and
plasma), and is the only state with a definite
Mercury
volume but no fixed shape

L I QU I DS

Surface
Tension:
the energy
Capillary
Action:IsWhen
water placed
required
to like
increase
the surface area
in a tube,
the graduated
ofcylinder,the
a liquid bysurface
a givenof amount.It
the water isis not
Viscosity
and
Temperature:
measure
the
inward
pull by
straight.ofThe
surface
forms
a concave
have
There
isDensity:
a saying
that
if it particles
cold
,the
particles
in
the interior
menisus.There
areLiquids
two.For
forces
at work:
more
one
curls
and
become
at
thecohesion
surface
of
the
liquid,
There
the
and
adhesian.
density
too.Density
ofofis
theno
Viscosity:
is
a
measure
immovable.
Observe
that
when you
Cohesion:is
theabove
forceto
ofto
attraction
attraction
from
balanace.the
liquids
varies
give
Fluidity:
Fluidity
isof
ability
to
the
resistance
a liquid
to
put
margarine
into
athe
hot
pan
de
sal
between
identical
molecules.
attraction
from
below.There
is
a
net
various
effects.
The
flow.
Gases
and
Liquids
are
,it
melts
right
away
and
is
easy
Adhesion:is
the
force
of
attraction
attractive
force
pulling down
on to
flow. The
particles
in
the
density
of because
athat
withofcan
a
spread.
This
issurface.
due
toliquid
increase
between
molecules
are stronger
diffrent.
classified
as
fluids
they
particles
at
the
The
liquid
are
close
enough
for
constant
volume
varies
temperature.
When
there
is
increase
Because
the
adhesive
forces
between
flow.
are
fluids
the Liquids
attractions
areless
better
the than
in
temperature
there
is
increase
in
attractive
forces
to
slow
the
the
water
molecules
and
the
silicon
according
to
the
particles,the
greater
is
the
surface
gases
.kinetic
But a energy
liquid .Applied
can diffuse
the
tothe
the the
dioxide
in
the
glass
ishigher
greater
than
weight.The
tension.Water
has
a
high
surface
movement
as
they
flow
past
through
another
liquid
.
molecules
,it
is
easier
for
the
cohesive
forcesits
between
the can
water
tension
because
molecule
form
weight,the
higher
the
one
another
.water rises
molecules
tothe
overcome
the
molecules,
along the
multiple
hydrogen
bonds.Drops
ofthe
density.
intermolecular
forces
that keep
inner walls
of the
graduated
cylinder.
water
are shaped
like spheres because
molecules
from flowing.
If narrow tubes
called capillary tubes
the surface area of spheres is smaller
are used,then the action is called
than
the surface
other shape of
capillary
actionof
orany
capillarity.
similar volume.

PROPERTIES OF LIQUIDS

E
N
D