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# ES1

PLATE NO.

## True Length and Point View of Lines

Common Abbreviations:
RP Reference Plane
HRP Horizontal Reference
Plane
FRP Frontal Reference
Plane
PRP Profile Reference
Plane
TV Top View
RIGHTFV Front View
SIDE VIEW
LOS Line of Sight

TOP
VIEW
HR
FRP
P

FRP
PR
P

FRONT
VIEW

SECTION: THWX

NAME:

ES1

PLATE NO.

## Any RP other than HRP,

FRP and PRP are referred
as RP1, RP2, RP3, etc. The
views produced by these
RPs are called first
auxiliary view, second
auxiliary view, etc.,
SECOND
R
P
respectively.
AUXILIA
2

TOP
VIEW
HR
FRP
P

RYVIEW

FRONT
VIEW

RP
1

FIRST
AUXILIA
RYVIEW

SECTION: THWX

NAME:

ES1

PLATE NO.

## True Length and Point View of Lines

of a point (or a line), we
can draw it as seen from a
different view.

A
B

HR
FRP
P
A

FRP
PR
P

SECTION: THWX

NAME:

ES1

PLATE NO.

## True Length and Point View of Lines

Heres how:

1. Connect the As OR
draw a line
perpendicular to HRP
passing through one of
the As.

HR
FRP
P
A

FRP
PR
P

SECTION: THWX

NAME:

## The two options will yield

the same line which
passes through the As
and is perpendicular to
2. Do
the same with B.
HRP.

ES1

PLATE NO.

## True Length and Point View of Lines

3. Draw lines
perpendicular to PRP
passing through A and
B.

A
B

HR
FRP
P
A

FRP
PR
P

SECTION: THWX

NAME:

ES1

PLATE NO.

## 4. Using your compass, copy the

length of the segment
connecting A and HRP then lay
B
it out to the right side view from
PRP along the perpendicular
line containing A. The
A
view A.

HR
FRP
P
A

FRP
PR
P

SECTION: THWX

NAME:

ES1

PLATE NO.

A
B

## 5. Do the same with B. Then

connect A and B on the
right-side view.

HR
FRP
P

B
FRP
PR
P

SECTION: THWX

NAME:

ES1

PLATE NO.

## Lets try projecting the

same line to another RP.

A
B

HR
FRP
P
A

RP
1

SECTION: THWX

NAME:

ES1

PLATE NO.

cake!

A
B

HR
FRP
P
A

RP
1

SECTION: THWX

NAME:

ES1

PLATE NO.

## Make sure the lines are

perpendicular to RP1.

A
B

HR
FRP
P
A

RP
1

SECTION: THWX

NAME:

ES1

PLATE NO.

## True Length and Point View of Lines

Transferring of lengths.

A
B

HR
FRP
P
A

B
RP
1

SECTION: THWX

NAME:

ES1

PLATE NO.

ITS DONE!

HR
FRP
P
A

B
RP
1

SECTION: THWX

NAME:

ES1

PLATE NO.

this line.

A
B

HR
FRP
P
RP

B
RP
1

SECTION: THWX

NAME:

ES1

PLATE NO.

## Again, make sure that the

lines are perpendicular to
RP2.

A
B

HR
FRP
P
RP

B
RP
1

SECTION: THWX

NAME:

ES1

PLATE NO.

## We transfer lengths again. Notice

that the lengths we copied are
from the front view (not from the
top view).

A
B

HR
FRP
P
RP

B
RP
1

SECTION: THWX

NAME:

ES1

PLATE NO.

A
B

A
HR
FRP
P
RP

B
RP
1

SECTION: THWX

NAME:

ES1

PLATE NO.

## Q: From what view and RP should I copy

lengths?
A: Copy from the figure which is 2 views
away B
measured from the RP which is 2 RPs
A
away.

TW
OR
AW Ps
AY

HR
FRP
P
A

SECTION: THWX

NAME:

O
N
E

B
A
RP
1

TWO VIEWS
AWAY

RP

ONE VIEW
AWAY

RP

AW
AY

ES1

PLATE NO.

## True Length and Point View of Lines

AGAIN!
Copy from the figure two views
away ....

A
B

A
HR
FRP
P
RP

B
A
RP
1

TWO VIEWS
AWAY

SECTION: THWX

NAME:

ES1

PLATE NO.

## ...measured from the RP

which is two RPs away.

A
B

A
TW
OR
AW Ps
AY

HR
FRP
P
A

SECTION: THWX

NAME:

B
A
RP
1

TWO VIEWS
AWAY

RP

ES1

PLATE NO.

each other?

A
B

HR
FRP
P

RP
1

SECTION: THWX

NAME:

ES1

PLATE NO.

## Q: What if the two given

each other?
A: Just project the points
across the RPs and locate
the respective
intersections.

A
B

HR
FRP
P

RP
1

SECTION: THWX

NAME:

ES1

PLATE NO.

## WARNING: Make sure that

the intersections you are
naming are the right
intersections! You should
connect the lines projected
from the same letter A to
A and B to B.

A
B

HR
FRP
P
A

B
RP
1

SECTION: THWX

NAME:

ES1

PLATE NO.

ITS DONE!

HR
FRP
P
A

B
RP
1

SECTION: THWX

NAME:

ES1

PLATE NO.

challenging!

A
B

A
HR
FRP
P
RP

RP
1

SECTION: THWX

NAME:

ES1

PLATE NO.

## 1. Project all points across

RPs.
We cannot project lines
across RP1 (yet) because
we dont have points on
the views adjacent to it. A

A
B

HR
FRP
P

RP

RP
1

SECTION: THWX

NAME:

ES1

PLATE NO.

## We know that the distance from

RP1 of A in FV is equal to the
distance of A in the second
auxiliary view from RP2.

A
B

HR
FRP
P
RP

FRONT
VIEW

RP
1

FIRST
AUXILIA
RYVIEW

SECTION: THWX

NAME:

ES1

PLATE NO.

A
B

## 2. On FV, draw lines parallel to

RP1 with distance equal to the
distance from RP2 of A and B in
the second auxiliary view.

HR
FRP
P
RP

FRONT
VIEW

RP
1

FIRST
AUXILIA
RYVIEW

SECTION: THWX

NAME:

ES1

PLATE NO.

## The respective intersections

are the location of the points.
Then connect.

A
B

A
HR
FRP
P
RP

FRONT
VIEW

FIRST
AUXILIA
RYVIEW
RP
1

SECTION: THWX

NAME:

ES1

PLATE NO.

A
B

A
HR
FRP
P
RP

FRONT
VIEW

FIRST
AUXILIA
RYVIEW
A
RP
1

SECTION: THWX

NAME: