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ES1

PLATE NO.

True Length and Point View of Lines

Common Abbreviations:
RP Reference Plane
HRP Horizontal Reference
Plane
FRP Frontal Reference
Plane
PRP Profile Reference
Plane
TV Top View
RIGHTFV Front View
SIDE VIEW
LOS Line of Sight

TOP
VIEW
HR
FRP
P

FRP
PR
P

FRONT
VIEW

SECTION: THWX

NAME:

JUAN FIDEL B. CALAYWAN

GRADE: 10.0

ES1

PLATE NO.

True Length and Point View of Lines

Any RP other than HRP,


FRP and PRP are referred
as RP1, RP2, RP3, etc. The
views produced by these
RPs are called first
auxiliary view, second
auxiliary view, etc.,
SECOND
R
P
respectively.
AUXILIA
2

TOP
VIEW
HR
FRP
P

RYVIEW

FRONT
VIEW

RP
1

FIRST
AUXILIA
RYVIEW

SECTION: THWX

NAME:

JUAN FIDEL B. CALAYWAN

GRADE: 10.0

ES1

PLATE NO.

True Length and Point View of Lines

Given two adjacent views


of a point (or a line), we
can draw it as seen from a
different view.

A
B

HR
FRP
P
A

FRP
PR
P

SECTION: THWX

NAME:

JUAN FIDEL B. CALAYWAN

GRADE: 10.0

ES1

PLATE NO.

True Length and Point View of Lines

Heres how:

1. Connect the As OR
draw a line
perpendicular to HRP
passing through one of
the As.

HR
FRP
P
A

FRP
PR
P

SECTION: THWX

NAME:

The two options will yield


the same line which
passes through the As
and is perpendicular to
2. Do
the same with B.
HRP.

JUAN FIDEL B. CALAYWAN

GRADE: 10.0

ES1

PLATE NO.

True Length and Point View of Lines

3. Draw lines
perpendicular to PRP
passing through A and
B.

A
B

HR
FRP
P
A

FRP
PR
P

SECTION: THWX

NAME:

JUAN FIDEL B. CALAYWAN

GRADE: 10.0

ES1

PLATE NO.

True Length and Point View of Lines

4. Using your compass, copy the


length of the segment
connecting A and HRP then lay
B
it out to the right side view from
PRP along the perpendicular
line containing A. The
intersection is your right-side
A
view A.

HR
FRP
P
A

FRP
PR
P

SECTION: THWX

NAME:

JUAN FIDEL B. CALAYWAN

GRADE: 10.0

ES1

PLATE NO.

True Length and Point View of Lines

A
B

5. Do the same with B. Then


connect A and B on the
right-side view.

HR
FRP
P

B
FRP
PR
P

SECTION: THWX

NAME:

JUAN FIDEL B. CALAYWAN

GRADE: 10.0

ES1

PLATE NO.

True Length and Point View of Lines

Lets try projecting the


same line to another RP.

A
B

HR
FRP
P
A

RP
1

SECTION: THWX

NAME:

JUAN FIDEL B. CALAYWAN

GRADE: 10.0

ES1

PLATE NO.

True Length and Point View of Lines

This step is a piece of


cake!

A
B

HR
FRP
P
A

RP
1

SECTION: THWX

NAME:

JUAN FIDEL B. CALAYWAN

GRADE: 10.0

ES1

PLATE NO.

True Length and Point View of Lines

Make sure the lines are


perpendicular to RP1.

A
B

HR
FRP
P
A

RP
1

SECTION: THWX

NAME:

JUAN FIDEL B. CALAYWAN

GRADE: 10.0

ES1

PLATE NO.

True Length and Point View of Lines

Transferring of lengths.

A
B

HR
FRP
P
A

B
RP
1

SECTION: THWX

NAME:

JUAN FIDEL B. CALAYWAN

GRADE: 10.0

ES1

PLATE NO.

True Length and Point View of Lines

Connecting the points.

ITS DONE!

HR
FRP
P
A

B
RP
1

SECTION: THWX

NAME:

JUAN FIDEL B. CALAYWAN

GRADE: 10.0

ES1

PLATE NO.

True Length and Point View of Lines

Lets draw another view of


this line.

A
B

HR
FRP
P
RP

B
RP
1

SECTION: THWX

NAME:

JUAN FIDEL B. CALAYWAN

GRADE: 10.0

ES1

PLATE NO.

True Length and Point View of Lines

Again, make sure that the


lines are perpendicular to
RP2.

A
B

HR
FRP
P
RP

B
RP
1

SECTION: THWX

NAME:

JUAN FIDEL B. CALAYWAN

GRADE: 10.0

ES1

PLATE NO.

True Length and Point View of Lines

We transfer lengths again. Notice


that the lengths we copied are
from the front view (not from the
top view).

A
B

HR
FRP
P
RP

B
RP
1

SECTION: THWX

NAME:

JUAN FIDEL B. CALAYWAN

GRADE: 10.0

ES1

PLATE NO.

True Length and Point View of Lines

Connect points A and B.

A
B

A
HR
FRP
P
RP

B
RP
1

SECTION: THWX

NAME:

JUAN FIDEL B. CALAYWAN

GRADE: 10.0

ES1

PLATE NO.

True Length and Point View of Lines

Q: From what view and RP should I copy


lengths?
A: Copy from the figure which is 2 views
away B
measured from the RP which is 2 RPs
A
away.

TW
OR
AW Ps
AY

HR
FRP
P
A

SECTION: THWX

NAME:

O
N
E

B
A
RP
1

TWO VIEWS
AWAY

RP

ONE VIEW
AWAY

JUAN FIDEL B. CALAYWAN

RP

AW
AY

GRADE: 10.0

ES1

PLATE NO.

True Length and Point View of Lines

AGAIN!
Copy from the figure two views
away ....

A
B

A
HR
FRP
P
RP

B
A
RP
1

TWO VIEWS
AWAY

SECTION: THWX

NAME:

JUAN FIDEL B. CALAYWAN

GRADE: 10.0

ES1

PLATE NO.

True Length and Point View of Lines

...measured from the RP


which is two RPs away.

A
B

A
TW
OR
AW Ps
AY

HR
FRP
P
A

SECTION: THWX

NAME:

B
A
RP
1

TWO VIEWS
AWAY

RP

JUAN FIDEL B. CALAYWAN

GRADE: 10.0

ES1

PLATE NO.

True Length and Point View of Lines

Q: What if the two given


views are not adjacent to
each other?

A
B

HR
FRP
P

RP
1

SECTION: THWX

NAME:

JUAN FIDEL B. CALAYWAN

GRADE: 10.0

ES1

PLATE NO.

True Length and Point View of Lines

Q: What if the two given


views are not adjacent to
each other?
A: Just project the points
across the RPs and locate
the respective
intersections.

A
B

HR
FRP
P

RP
1

SECTION: THWX

NAME:

JUAN FIDEL B. CALAYWAN

GRADE: 10.0

ES1

PLATE NO.

True Length and Point View of Lines

WARNING: Make sure that


the intersections you are
naming are the right
intersections! You should
connect the lines projected
from the same letter A to
A and B to B.

A
B

HR
FRP
P
A

B
RP
1

SECTION: THWX

NAME:

JUAN FIDEL B. CALAYWAN

GRADE: 10.0

ES1

PLATE NO.

True Length and Point View of Lines

Connect the points.

ITS DONE!

HR
FRP
P
A

B
RP
1

SECTION: THWX

NAME:

JUAN FIDEL B. CALAYWAN

GRADE: 10.0

ES1

PLATE NO.

True Length and Point View of Lines

Lets make it more


challenging!

A
B

A
HR
FRP
P
RP

RP
1

SECTION: THWX

NAME:

JUAN FIDEL B. CALAYWAN

GRADE: 10.0

ES1

PLATE NO.

True Length and Point View of Lines

1. Project all points across


RPs.
We cannot project lines
across RP1 (yet) because
we dont have points on
the views adjacent to it. A

A
B

HR
FRP
P

RP

RP
1

SECTION: THWX

NAME:

JUAN FIDEL B. CALAYWAN

GRADE: 10.0

ES1

PLATE NO.

True Length and Point View of Lines

We know that the distance from


RP1 of A in FV is equal to the
distance of A in the second
auxiliary view from RP2.

A
B

HR
FRP
P
RP

FRONT
VIEW

RP
1

FIRST
AUXILIA
RYVIEW

SECTION: THWX

NAME:

JUAN FIDEL B. CALAYWAN

GRADE: 10.0

ES1

PLATE NO.

True Length and Point View of Lines

A
B

2. On FV, draw lines parallel to


RP1 with distance equal to the
distance from RP2 of A and B in
the second auxiliary view.

HR
FRP
P
RP

FRONT
VIEW

RP
1

FIRST
AUXILIA
RYVIEW

SECTION: THWX

NAME:

JUAN FIDEL B. CALAYWAN

GRADE: 10.0

ES1

PLATE NO.

True Length and Point View of Lines

The respective intersections


are the location of the points.
Then connect.

A
B

A
HR
FRP
P
RP

FRONT
VIEW

FIRST
AUXILIA
RYVIEW
RP
1

SECTION: THWX

NAME:

JUAN FIDEL B. CALAYWAN

GRADE: 10.0

ES1

PLATE NO.

True Length and Point View of Lines

4. Complete all the views.

A
B

A
HR
FRP
P
RP

FRONT
VIEW

FIRST
AUXILIA
RYVIEW
A
RP
1

SECTION: THWX

NAME:

JUAN FIDEL B. CALAYWAN

GRADE: 10.0