Anda di halaman 1dari 28

UL Throughput improvement Proposal

-Deactivate SRS

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Content
1

The function of SRS

Why to deactivate SRS

Trial Result for SRS OFF in live network

Test Procedure for SRS OFF

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES
CO., LTD.
HISILICON
SEMICONDUCTOR

Page 2

The function of Sounding RS


DMRS: demodulation reference signal
Used for channel estimation(SINR) and TA measurement
It is located on the 4th symbol in each slot (for normal cyclic
prefix) and spans the same bandwidth as the allocated uplink
data(UL Grant needed)
SRS: sounding reference signal
Provides uplink channel quality and UL TA measurement.
UE periodically sends SRSs across the entire PUSCH frequency band as much as possibl
e even there is no UL data.
SRS is transmitted in the last symbol of the subframe. The configuration , e.g. bandwidth, d
uration and periodicity, are given by higher layers
SRS is also used to measure the channel character while closed- and open-loop MIMO ad
aptation or uplink multi-user MIMO (MU-MIMO) is ON.
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES
CO., LTD.
HISILICON
SEMICONDUCTOR

Page 3

Content
1

The function of SRS

Why to deactivate SRS

Trial Result for SRS OFF

Test Procedure for SRS OFF

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES
CO., LTD.
HISILICON
SEMICONDUCTOR

Page 4

Why to deactivate SRS - UL Throughput Gain


The SRS cause UL performance loss. For peak rate it is about 10% loss for all. For UE
at middle and far, the loss cause by SRS is a little less.
SRS can be deactivated to improve UL performance.
There are two reasons for it
The overhead caused by SRS reduces the physical resource used for UL.
There is power transient period before and after SRS symbol.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES
CO., LTD.
HISILICON
SEMICONDUCTOR

Page 5

UL Throughput Loss as SRS ON - Overhead


SRS has overhead, as shown in figure, the last symbol must be reserved for SRS transm
ission in the SRS subframe.
Data Resource Gain
(1ms/5ms) * 1 symbol/(14 symbol per
TTI 2 DMRS symbol)
= 1.7%

In the SRS ON, SRS subframe (about 20% of all the TTIs), TBS is reduce, so MCS is reduced to guarantee the perfor
mance of demodulation performance.
When SRS OFF, TBS increase, MCS increase relatively.

Test UE with SRS ON


HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES
CO., LTD.
HISILICON
SEMICONDUCTOR

5ms SRS period leads to 200 SRS TTI/s


SRS ON: (800*f(MCS24) + 200*f(MCS23))*PRB Num
SRS OFF: 1000*f(MCS24)*PRBNum
Throughput gain: SRS OFF/SRS ON = 1.014
Page 6

UL Throughput Loss as SRS ON - Power


Considering the cost of UEs RF module, 36.101 allows 40s power transient period befo
re and after SRS symbol.
1 Symbol
= 1ms/14 = 71us
Present commercial UE, the transient period is long close to 40 s.
The transient period affect the performance of PUSCH demodulation of the SRS subfr
ame and the subframe after SRS, which have to choose lower MCS.
E392/E398: Lower Power
for SRS symbol

Lower power for PUSCH, leads to CRC


error and lower MCS for these
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES
CO., LTD.
HISILICON
SEMICONDUCTOR
subframe

Page 7

E392

The impact of SRS OFF


UL TA and FSS: while SRS is Deactivated
UL TA measurement and UL SINR are based on DMRS
Frequency selective scheduling is based on DMRS.

Impact on PDCCH load:

If Pre-schedule is activated, PDCCH load will not increase, as pre-schedule data is enough
for UL TA, .

If Pre-schedule is deactivated, the utilization rate for PDCCH will increase.

Impact on the OC MIMO and UL MU-MIMO


If an operator plans to use closed- and open-loop MIMO adaptation or uplink multi-user MIMO
(MU-MIMO), SRS can not be deactived. SRS is used to measure the channel character while
closed- and open-loop MIMO adaptation or uplink multi-user MIMO (MU-MIMO) is ON.
closed- and open-loop MIMO is not suggested to be turned ON currently as described in the
FPD.

Hardware limitation
IF the board is LBBPc, SRS can not be turned OFF. SRS OFF only supported on LBBPd, as it
has higher capability.
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES
CO., LTD.
HISILICON
SEMICONDUCTOR

Page 8

Content
1

The function of SRS

Why to deactivate SRS

Trial Result for SRS OFF

Test Procedure for SRS OFF

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES
CO., LTD.
HISILICON
SEMICONDUCTOR

Page 9

Test Plan
Toa Payoh Area

Selected Trial cluster is at Toa Payoh Area and within C42, c40, c41, C53 cluster.
Involve117 cells of 41 sites
9 th April 1am : Pre-Drive with upload throughput only (SRS ON)
9 th April 10.30am
: Change to SRS OFF setting
10 th April 1am : Post-Drive with UL throughput (SRS OFF)

Date

Week

Time

Network element

9 April

Tuesday

10.30am

Toa Payoh Cluster

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES
CO., LTD.
HISILICON
SEMICONDUCTOR

Page 10

Setting
Description
SRS OFF

DT Test result summary


Overall KPI of SRS ON OFF are as table below. UL Throughput is increase around 7.2% and MCS and
RB number is increase after turn OFF the SRS

SRS OFF
SRS ON

ULThroughput (mbps)
20.7
19.3

RB Number
42.6
42.3

MCS (Average)
23.09
22.51

UL grant Path Loss


957.4
99.15
941.6
98.5

RSRP
-77.4
-76.6

Drive Test route is similar

SRS on

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES
CO., LTD.
HISILICON
SEMICONDUCTOR

SRS off

Page 11

DT results UL Throughput
The Average UL throughput is improve around 1.4Mbps, 7.2% improvement when the SRS off,
Reasons:
1. when SRS off, MCS is 0.6 level higher than SRS on
2. when SRS off, PUSCH RB is 0.3 higher than SRS on

Throughput vs Pathloss
Throughput

CDF for UL Throughput

SRS
OFF

SRS
ON

Pathloss[dB]
Throughput

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES
CO., LTD.
HISILICON
SEMICONDUCTOR

Page 12

DT results UL MCS and RB number


MCS When the SRS OFF, the MCS level is raise. SRS is occupied the last symbol of PUSCH RB.
Reason are:With the same amount of RB assigned to the UE, the SRS OFF TBS is higher than SRS OFF.
When the SRS off, Power transient impact is reduce

RB Number When the SRS ON, the assignment of PUCCH algorithm need to avoid the SRS and CQI subframe allocation, it
will increase the possibility of the CQI extension.
When the SRS is OFF, the possibility of the CQI extension is lower, thus, PUCCH RB is lower and PUSCH RB relatively increase.

MCS vs Pathloss

CDF for RBNumber

MCS

SRS OFF

SRS
ON

Pathloss[dB]
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES
CO., LTD.
HISILICON
SEMICONDUCTOR

RB Number
Page 13

OSSTest Result for SRS OFF OSS KPIs


In ToaPayoh Trial cluster, SRS OFF setting is implement at 10.30am,9 th April
No major KPI degradation after the changes
Date

Week

Time

Network element

9 April

Tuesday

10.30am

Toa Payoh Cluster

RRC Setup Success Rata and ERAB call Drop rate

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES
CO., LTD.
HISILICON
SEMICONDUCTOR

Page 14

Setting
Description
SRS OFF

Test Result for SRS OFF OSS KPIs


HO Success rate, Throughput and Traffic
volume KPI have no obvious trend changes
When the SRS OFF, the UL throughput and
volume are reduce.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES
CO., LTD.
HISILICON
SEMICONDUCTOR

Page 15

Test Result for SRS OFF OSS KPIs


UL.interference,MCS&CQI KPI no obvious KPI changes
PUCCH RB usage is slightly reduce. When the SRS is
OFF, the possibility of the CQI extension is lower, thus,
PUCCH RB usage is lower and PUSCH RB relatively
increase.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES
CO., LTD.
HISILICON
SEMICONDUCTOR

Page 16

136230 Toa Payoh

It is found out that it is cause by 136230 Toa


Payoh s1. Still under further analysis.
By exclude the performance for 136230 Toa P
ayoh s1, the traffic volume and Average Throu
ghput trend is normal

Traffic Volume and Ave Throughput after exclude 136230 Toa Payoh s1

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES
CO., LTD.
HISILICON
SEMICONDUCTOR

Page 17

136230 Toa Payoh


Uplink Average Throughput

Uplink Traffic Volume Avg MCS(PUSCH)

From the Uplink Traffic Volume chart, suspect there is some


events or testing on going during the high UL traffic volume
period

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES
CO., LTD.
HISILICON
SEMICONDUCTOR

Page 18

OSS after exclude the 136230 Toa Payoh S1


M1 ERAB Call Drop Rate

M1 RRC Setup Success Rate

0.2

200

0.1

100

100

200000
100000

99.5

L.E-RAB.AbnormRel(times)

M1 RRC Setup Attempt

M1 ERAB Call Drop Rate (Overall)(%)

M1 RRC Setup Success Rate (Overall)(%)

M1 Intra-Frequency Handover Out Success Rate


100

50000

95

M1 Inter-RAT Handover Out Success Rate


120

4000

100

2000

80

M1 Intra-Frequency Handover Out Attempt(times)

M1 Inter-RAT Handover Out Attempt (LTE to WCDMA)(times)

M1 Intra-Frequency Handover Out Succes s Rate(%)

M1 Inter-RAT Handover Out Success Rate (LTE to WCDMA)(%)

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES
CO., LTD.
HISILICON
SEMICONDUCTOR

Page 19

OSS after exclude the 136230 Toa Payoh S1


Ave Throughput

DL (Mbps)

18

Peak Throughput

20

20

100

40

10

10

50

20

UL (Mbps)

DL (Mbps)

M1 Service Downlink Average Throughput (Mbps)

M1 Service Downlink Peak Throughput (Mbps )

M1 Service Uplink Average Throughput (Mbps )

M1 Service Uplink Peak Throughput (Mbps)

MCS ad CQI

10.8

16

10.6

14

10.4

CQI12

UL (Mbps)

PRB
10
5
0

10.2
MCS

10

10
L.ChMeas .PRB.UL.Used.Avg
M1 Avg CQI

M1 Avg MCS Index (PUSCH)

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES
CO., LTD.
HISILICON
SEMICONDUCTOR

L.ChMeas .PRB.PUCCH.Avg

Page 20

L.ChMeas.PRB.DL.Used.Avg

OSS after exclude the 136230 Toa Payoh S1


PRB
7
6.5
6
PRB.UL.Used.Avg

5.5
5
4.5
4

L.ChMeas.PRB.UL.Us ed.Avg

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES
CO., LTD.
HISILICON
SEMICONDUCTOR

L.Traffic.User
5
4.5
4
3.5 PRB.PUCCH.Avg
3

1800
1600
1400
1200
1000
800
600
400
200
0

2.5
2
L.ChMeas .PRB.PUCCH.Avg

L.Traffic.User.Avg

Page 21

L.Traffic.Us er.Max

Content
1

The function of SRS

Why to deactivate SRS

Trial Result for SRS OFF

Test Procedure for SRS OFF

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES
CO., LTD.
HISILICON
SEMICONDUCTOR

Page 22

How to turn SRS OFF


MOD SRSCFG: SrsCfgInd=BOOLEAN_FALSE;
The SRSCfg.SrsCfgInd parameter specifies whether SRS resources are configured for
UEs.
If this parameter is set to BOOLEAN_TRUE(True), SRS resources need to be
configured for UEs in a cell. Compared with demodulation reference signals
(DMRSs), SRSs reduce the PDCCH overhead and therefore increase the downlink
capacity.
If this parameter is set to BOOLEAN_FALSE(False), SRS resources are not
configured for UEs in a cell. As a result, there is no SRS overhead, increasing the
uplink capacity.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES
CO., LTD.
HISILICON
SEMICONDUCTOR

Page 23

SRS Off test procedure

W01
W02
Field Test Collect OSS Monitoring
SRS On/OFF
SRS OFF

W03
Comparison
Analysis report

This proposal route at ToaPayoh Cluster


Separate into Field Test and OSS analysis
Field test:
W01, SRS ON - UL FTP DT ; SRS OFF -UL FTP DT
OSS Monitoring:
W02: Collect OSS Monitoring Performance
W03: present analysis report
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES
CO., LTD.
HISILICON
SEMICONDUCTOR

Page 24

Page 24

Thank you
www.huawei.com

Copyright2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All Rights Reserved.

FAQ
Q1: UL DM RS is already there and the eNB can decode the UL informati
on with its assistance, what's special about SRS?
Answer:
UL DM RS is transmitted together with the UL data and both locate exactly in the same RBs, s
o the channel quality information the eNB extracts from the UL DM RS is for that transmissio
n.
In terms of SRS, it may be transmitted periodically in a wider bandwidth (beyond PUSCH
RBs allocated for UL data transmission) and when there is no UL data transmission, so the ch
annel information obtained from SRS is a good input to UL scheduler.
frequency selective scheduling gain. With knowing the overall bandwidth channel quality h
as better channel quality comparing to the certain region. In this case, Network can allocate t
he specific frequency region which is the best for each of the UEs. (If we always have to use f
ull bandwidth, we may not need this kind of reference signal since there is no choice even wh
en there is a better or worse spots within the bandwidth)

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES
CO., LTD.
HISILICON
SEMICONDUCTOR

Page 26

FAQ2
Q2: Why LBBPc board cannot off SRS?
Answer: It is due to hardware limitation. When the SRS on, DMRS is used for the
TA measurement. The algorithms is more complicated and need better CPU proce
ssing board to support.

Q2: For OL & CL Adaptive MIMO feature, Why must rely on SRS at current v
ersion? Is SRS a must or optional? Is there any roadmap for this feature
not rely on SRS?
Answer: the feature is designed to use SRS as SRS transmitted periodical
ly in a wider bandwidth able to provide higher channel estimation accur
acy.
For OL & CL Adaptive MIMO feature can designed to reply on DMRS as w
ell.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES
CO., LTD.
HISILICON
SEMICONDUCTOR

Page 27

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES
CO., LTD.
HISILICON
SEMICONDUCTOR

Page 28