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WASTEWATER

TREATMENT
PROPOSAL
By:

Savier Rolan B. Moya


Head,CityEnvironmentand
NaturalResourcesOffice
CHEMmunity

Purpose of the Proposal

Most
houses
in
CHEMmunity
are
discharging their sewage
into
a
septic
tank.
Sewage is a type of
wastewater
that
comprises
domestic
wastewater
and
is
therefore contaminated


In practice, the septage is emptied
roughly every 5 years, which causes the water
to overflows into the rainwater drainage
system and into the rivers. During floods, the
contents of septic tanks can be flushed into
the streets and the houses, causing the
transmission of diseases. After some more
years, these septic tanks unavoidably get
damaged by soil movement or roots
destroying the concrete walls.

Since most of the septic tanks


are
constant
source
for
groundwater pollution, they cannot
be a final solution for proper
disposal of waste. They have to be
replaced step by step by a
sewerage in combination with
wastewater
treatment
plants.
Sewerage
is
the
physical
infrastructure,
including
pipes,
pumps, screens, channels, etc.
used to convey sewage from its
origin to the point of eventual
treatment or disposal.

Concept of the
Proposal
Landfil
l

Biogas

solids

Digestio
n Tank

Fertilizati
on

Creek
Creek

CHEMmunit
y Wastes

Scree
n

Buffer
Tank

water Anaerobi
Prec
sedimentati
Treatme
on

nt

Biogas

DisDisinfectio
infectio
n
n (Sand
(Sand
Filtratio
Filtratio
n
n and
and
UV)
UV)
Irrigation
Irrigation
and
and
Fertilizati
Fertilizati
on
on

The
onor
the
other
hand,
shallhas
be a
treated
in an
The
proposed
wastewater
treatment,
if anaerobic
considered
and
The water,
effluent
the
liquid
waste
substantially
reduced process.
organic
The
settled
solids
shall
be
digested
in
a
digestion
tank.
Biogas
will
be
This
is
the
process
by
which
microorganisms
break
down
biodegradable
Upon
collection
of
thea all
wastewater
streams
ina
they
Then,
the
solids
removed
should
be
dumped
atin
a CHEMmunity,
landfill
while
the
pollution,
butwill
still have
contains
most
of its
initial
load
of
nutrients.
These
approved,
significant
change
CHEMmunity
in
The
water
from
the
buffer
tank
then
flows
through
pre-sedimentation
produced
from
the
solids.
The
remaining
sludge
is
largely
stabilized
and
materials
from
a
wide
range
of
organic
material,
from
food
waste
to
waste
shallin
be
treated
bytank.
a screen,
which
separates
the
solid
from
themuch
liquid.
water
into
aefficient
buffer
Inmost
theand
buffer
tank,
carbon
dioxide
is added
to is
the
should
be
used
irrigation
fertilization
agriculture
as
as
unit
order
to for
separate
solids
from
the in
water.
Sedimentation
a
terms
of
energy
supply,
waste
management
system
contains
high
concentrations
of
nutrients.
It
can
be
applied
as
fertilizer
in
paper
and
animal
waste,
in
the
absence
of
oxygen.
It
is
used
for
domestic
This is the
step
to
prevent
clogging
the
other
treatment
steps.
wastewater.
This
step
iseutrophication
important
toinof
adjust
the
pH
of water
possible
tofirst
reduce
the
the
rivers
caused
by during
these
physical
water
treatment
process
using
gravity
to
remove
suspended
and
clean
water
facility.
A
good
quality
of
life
for
the
agriculture,
if
it
is
managed
in
a
way
to
prevent
contamination
of
purposes
waste
and/or
to effluent
produceshould
fuels. be
60 disinfected
to 80 % ofprior
the
treatment.to
nutrients.
To manage
reduce risks,
the
treated
solids from water.

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