Anda di halaman 1dari 68

Panduan Vibrasi untuk

pemula
Base on book
Beginners guide vibration

What is Machine Vibration?

What is Machine Vibration?

What Causes Machine


Vibration?
Almost all machine vibration is due to
one or more of these causes:
(a) Repeating forces
(b) Looseness
(c) Resonance

(a) Repeating Forces

(a) Repeating Forces

(a) Repeating Forces

(a) Repeating Forces

(a) Repeating Forces

(b) Looseness

(c) Resonance

(c) Resonance

Why Monitor Machine


Vibration?

(a) Severe Machine Damage

(b) High Power Consumption

(c) Machine Unavailability

(d) Delayed Shipments

(e) Accumulation of Unfinished


Goods

(f) Unnecessary
Maintenance

(g) Quality Problems

(h) Bad Company Image

(i) Occupational Hazards

How is Machine Vibration


Described?

What is Amplitude?

What is Amplitude?
In general, the severity or amplitude
of vibration relates to:
(a) the size of the vibratory movement
(b) the speed of the movement
(c) the force associated with the
movement

What Is Velocity?

What Is Velocity?

What is Frequency?

What is A Waveform?

What is A Spectrum?

What is A Spectrum?

How is Machine Vibration Measured?

Which Machines Need Monitoring?


In general, the following critical types of machines should
be monitored on a regular basis in order to avoid
unexpected and costly problems:
(a) Machines that require expensive, lengthy, or difficult
repairs if broken down
(b) Machines that are critical to production or general
plant operations
(c) Machines that are known to frequently suffer damage
(d) Machines that are being evaluated for their reliability
(e) Machines that affect human or environmental safety

Which Machines Need Monitoring?

How Does the Instrument


Work?

How is the Accelerometer Mounted?

(a) Mount as Close as Possible to the


Bearing

(a) Mount as Close as Possible to


the Bearing

(b) Make Sure the Accelerometer


is Firmly
Attached

(b) Make Sure the Accelerometer


is Firmly
Attached

(c) Make Sure the Accelerometer is Oriented


Correctly

(d) Mount the Same Accelerometer in the Same


Location

(e) Mount the Accelerometer on Something


Substantial

(f) Take Care of the


Accelerometer

(g) Take Care of Personal


Safety

How are Parameters Set?

How are Parameters Set?


The parameters used for measuring
vibration spectra may be divided into
four classes; namely, parameters
that determine:
(a) How data is collected
(b) How much or how fast data is
collected
(c) How data is processed
(d) How data is displayed

(a) How Data is Collected

(b) How Much or How Fast Data is


Collected

What Fmax Value Should be


Used?

How Many Spectral Lines Should be


Used?

How Much Overlap Should I


use?

(c) How Data is Processed

(c) How Data is Processed

(d) How Data is Displayed

(d) How Data is Displayed

(d) How Data is Displayed

How is Data Collected?

How is Data Collected?

How is Data Collected?

How is Data Collected?

How is Data Collected?

How is Data Collected?

How is Data Collected?

How is Data Collected?

How is Data Collected?

How is Data Collected?

THANK YOU