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History of

Created by Por, Mai, Ploy and Ning
1 Submitted to Teacher Tim Girard

Punched Card
Punched card also
known as Hollerith
cards which are
paper cards
containing several
punched holes that
were punched by
hand or machine to
It was done by Semen Korsakov, he was the represent
first to use punched
cards informatics for information store and search.

Magnetic tape

Magnetic tape is a thin ribbon(as of plastic) coated with a magnetic

erial on which information (as sound or television images) may be sto
One roll of
magnetic tape
could store as
much as 10,000
punch cards
which made it an
instant success
and became the
most popular way
of storing
computer data

Magnetic tape
was invented for
recording sound
by Friz Pfleumer in
1928 in germany,
based on the
invention of
magnetic wire

This invention
was further
developed by
company AEG,
manufactured the
machine and
BASF, which

Hard Disk Drive

A hard disk drive (HDD) hard disk, hard drive or fixed disk is
a data
storage device for storing and restoring digital information
using one or more rotating disks coated with magnetic
It was invented by thematerial.
IBM team led by Rey Johnson.
Hard disk drives were introduced in 1956 as data
storage for an IBM real-time transaction processing
It was later developed for use with general purpose
mainframe and minicomputer.
Data is accessed in a random access manner, meaning
that individual blocks of data can be stored or retrieved
in any order and not sequentially.



A floppy disk, also called floppy,

diskette or just disk, is a type of disk
storage composed of thin and flexible
magnetic storage medium, sealed in a
rectangular plastic enclosure lined
with fabric that removes dust

Floppy disks are read and written by a floppy disk drive

In 1969 the first floppy disk was introduced.
It was a read only 8 inch disk that could store 80 kB of
data. 4 years later, in1973 the similar floppy disk withe
same size could store 256 kB of data plus it was possible

Cassette tape
The Compact Cassette or Musicassette, also commonly
called cassette tape, audio cassette or simply tape or
cassette, is a magnetic tape recording for audio recording
and playback
Compact cassettes come in two forms, either
already containing content as a pre-recorded
cassette, or as a fully recordable blank cassette.
The compact cassette obviously is one kind of
magnetic tape.
It was released by Philips in 1962 and was
introduced in 1963 but it wasnt popular until the



CD-ROM is a prepressed optical compact disc which contains data. Th

ame is an acronym which stands for Compact Disc Read-Olny Memor

Computers can read CD-ROMs, but cannot write to CD-ROMs.

James T. Russell invented the first compact disk using laser
technology in 1965.
A follow up of the CD-ROM was made available in 1985.
From the mid-1990s until the mid-2000s, CD-ROMs were popularly
used to distribute software for computers and video game.

CD-R (Compact Disc-Recordable) is a digital optical disc
storage format which can be written once and read many
times. CD-R disks are readable by most plain CD readers.

The CD-R, originally named CD Write-once (WO),

specification was first published in 1988 by Philips, and
It has an advantage over CD-RW, which can be re-written
but cant be played on many plain CD readers.
A standard CD-R is a 1.2 mm thick disc made of
polycarbonate. The 120mm disc has a storage capacity of
74 minutes od audio or 650 Megabytes of data.

The zip drive is a medium-to-high-capacity removable floppy
disk storage system.

Originally, Zip
disks launched
with capacities of
100 MB, but later
versions increased
this to first 250 MB
and then 750 MB.

The zip
drive is
similar to

It was introduced by Lomega in late 1994.

DVD-R is a digital optical disc storage from. It can be written
once and read many times.

The DVD-R format was developed

by Pioneer in 1997, IT is
supported by most normal DVD
players and is approved by the
DVD Forum.
A DVD-R typically has a storage
capacity of 4.7 GB. Pioneer has
also developed an 8.5 GB.
DVD-R is a write-once format
where the initial record is burned
permanently into the disc and
cant be erased.
A DVD-Rs approximate lifespan is

SD Card
Secure Digital (SD) is a non-volatile memory card format
developed by the SD Card Association (SDA) for use in
The standard was introduced in August 1999 by joint efforts
between SanDisk, Panasonic and Toshiba as an improvement
over MultiMediaCards (MMC).
SD memory cards work by recording data onto a solid-state
chip inside the card using flash memory. The flash memory
records information when electrical charges changes in its
circuits. A similar process erases portions of the memory for

USB Flash

USB Flash Drive is a data

storage device that
includes flash memory with
an integrated USB

In 2000, introduced the

USB flash Drive-a
rewritable plug-and-play
storage device first hold by
IBM and Trek Technology. It
could hold up to 8
megabytes of data.
USB flash drives are
typically removable and
rewritable, and physically
much smaller than an
optical disc.
USB flash drives are often
used for the same proposes
for which floppy disks CDs


Cloud computing is a type of internet-based computing

the provides shared computer processing resources and
data to computers and other devices o demand.

A general term for a

delivery of hosted
services over the

Call to