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The

Endomembran
e System
Endoplasmic Reticulum &
Golgi Apparatus

Endoplasmic Reticulum

2 Kinds of Endoplasmic
Reticulum
Smooth

ER no ribosomes
attached
Rough ER studded with
ribosomes

Functions of the ER
Forms

the skeletal framework.


Active transport of cellular
materials.
Metabolic activities due to
presence of different enzymes.
Provides increased surface area
for cellular reactions.
Formation of nuclear membrane
during cell division.

Smooth ER
Lipid

synthesis
Glycogen synthesis
Steroid synthesis like cholesterol,
progesterone, testosterone, etc.

Rough ER
It

provides site for protein


synthesis.
It helps in transport of proteins.

The Golgi Apparatus

Functions
modifies, sorts, and packages
macromolecules for secretion purposes or
for use within the cell.
modifies proteins prepared by Rough ER
involved in transport of lipid molecules
creates lysosomes
(cisternae) have the ability to modify
proteins by glycosylation and
phosphorylation
produces proteoglycans(molecules present
in extracellular matrix)
major site of synthesis of carbohydrates
involved in sulfation process

QUIZ

1. What makes the


rough ER rough?

2. The rough ER
transports proteins
through what
structure?

3. Reticulum means
______ ____________.

4.

5.

6 7. Give two
functions of the
Golgi Apparatus

8. In a typical animal
cell, there are about
how many cisternae
in a stack?

9. What phase of the


Golgi Apparatus is
closely associated with
the endoplasmic
reticulum?

10. Which phase


is the shipping
department?

References
ER

Golgi Apparatus
http://www.brighth
ub.com/science/gen
etics/articles/229
22.aspx
http://www.biology.
lifeeasy.org/17/des
cribe-the-structureand-function-ofgolgi-apparatus
http://biology.tuto
rvista.com/animal-a