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APA Formatting &

How to Avoid
Plagiarism
Brookline College Online

Format of the Paper:

Running Head

Cover Page

References

Running Head:
Click Insert tab
Select blank Header option
Type Running head: SHORT TITLE FOR
YOUR PAPER (Title must be capitalized)
Click Close Header and Footer or double
click in the middle of the Word document

https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/

Cover Page:
Also known as a Title Page
Center align the text in the upper half of
your first page
Must contain three important pieces of
information: Your papers title, your name,
and the name of your school (double spaced
on three separate lines)
Each word in the title will be capitalized

https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/

References:

Your Reference page will be the last page of your


paper
References should be listed in alphabetical order
according to the first Authors last name
Multiple references from the same author should be
listed in chronological order of the date publicized
For each reference you should have a Hanging
Indentation (Indent all remaining lines after the first
line one-half inch from the left margin)
Utilize the same punctuation of the source being
referenced

https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/05/

Formatting of References:

Single Author, Two Authors, Multiple Authors

Book

Website

Article

Single Author, Two Authors,


Multiple Authors:

Single Author - Last name followed by authors initials:

Author, A. A. (Year of publication).Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Location: Publisher.

Two Authors - Last name followed by authors initials separating the two
authors by an ampersand (&):

Author, A. A. & Second Author, A. A. (Year of publication).Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle.
Publisher.

Location:

Three to Seven Authors - Last name followed by authors initials separating


each author with a comma & last author by an ampersand (&):

Author, A. A., Second Author, A. A., Third Author, A. A., Fourth Author, A. A., Fifth Author, A. A.,
Sixth Author, A.
A. & Seventh Author, A. A. (Year of publication).Title of work: Capital letter also for
subtitle. Location: Publisher.

More than Seven Authors - Last name followed by authors initials


separating each author with a comma. Use an ellipses () after the sixths
authors name, then list last author:

Author, A. A., Second Author, A. A., Third Author, A. A., Fourth Author, A. A., Fifth Author, A. A.,
Sixth Author, A.
A., . . . Last Author, A. A. (Year of publication).Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Location: Publisher.

https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/06/

Book Reference:

The Title and Subtitle of the book should be in


italics
The Location for the book should be listed as city,
state (e.g. Phoenix, AZ)
The Publisher and Year of Publication can be
found within the first three pages of the textbook
Electronic books will also need to have the website
address included:

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of book. Retrieved from
http://www.someaddress.com/full/url/

https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/08/

Website Reference:
Follows similar guidelines as a book
reference
Must contain website address by stating
Retrieved from:

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of article. Retrieved from
http://www.someaddress.com/full/url/

Article Reference:

Articles and periodicals will need to have:


The title of the article is not in italics, it is in regular New Roman Times font.
Name of the journal in italic font.
New England Journal of Medicine

Volume of the journal.


Vol. 27

Issue number in parenthesis ( ).


Vol. 27 (4).

Page numbers either separated by a comma or hyphen.


P. 27- 42 or P. 24, 30-35.

Articles will also need to have either the URL or DOI.


Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of article. Title of Online Periodical, volume number (issue number if available). Retrieved
fromttp://www.someaddress.com/full/url/

Article Reference:

There are two ways to cite an article using either the DOI or URL:

1) With the DOI:


Some websites or online articles contain a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) which
will need to be included in the reference:

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume number,page
range. doi:0000000/000000000000 or http://dx.doi.org/10.0000/0000

or

2) With the URL Retrieved from:

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of article.


Title of Online Periodical, volume number (issue number if
available). Retrieved fromttp://www.someaddress.com/full/url/

In-Text Citations:

Quotations

Summarizing or Paraphrasing

Citing Multiple Authors

Quotations:

Quoting an author means using the Authors


exact words (surrounded by quotations)
to give credit to the author

https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/02/
Example: According to Author (2014), some people find APA formatting to be
extremely difficult while others may not struggle (p. 72).

Example: Author (2014) stated that some people find APA formatting to be
extremely difficult (p. 72).

Summarizing or Paraphrasing:
Summarizing or paraphrasing means taking the
Authors idea(s) and putting them in your own words
You still need to cite your source when summarizing or
paraphrasing

Example: APA formatting is not easy and can be quite a


challenge (Author, 2014)

You can also include a page number


Example: APA formatting is not easy and can be quite a
challenge (Author, 2014, p. 72)

https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/02/

Citing Multiple Authors:

Citations: Include the authors last name and the year of the publication (both found
in your Reference List) and page number(s) if directly quoting (exact words from
Author)

Single Author - Last name and year separated by a comma:


(Author, 2014)
According to Author (2014), . . .
Two Authors - Last name and year, separating the two authors by an ampersand (&):
(Author & Second Author, 2014)
Research by Author & Second Author (2014) states . . .
Three to Five Authors First usage will list all authors, all future uses will contain et
al.:
(Author, Second Author, Third Author, Fourth Author & Fifth Author, 2014)
(Author et al., 2014)
Research by Author et al. (2014) states . . .
More than Five Authors First author & et al. at all times:
(Author et al., 2014)
Research by Author et al. (2014) states . . .

https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/03/

Helpful Resources:

Learning Resource Center (LRC):

http://online.brooklinecollege.edu/course/view.php?id=2298

Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue:


https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/