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ARTICULATIO

AZIS BERU GANI

Functional / Structural
Classification of Joints
1.

Synarthrosis (no movement)


1.
2.
3.

2.

Bony Fusion (Synostosis)


Fibrous (Suture and Gomphosis)
Cartilaginous (Synchondrosis)

Amphiarthrosis (little movement)


1.
2.

Fibrous (Syndesmosis)
Cartilaginous (Symphysis)

3) Diarthrosis (free
movement)

Always synovial joints


mono, di-, and triaxial

Strength vs. motility

The greater the range of motion,


the weaker the joint.

Dislocation = luxation

Diarthroses = Synovial
Joints

Have synovial
cavity = space
between two bones

Components that
are always present

Components that
are sometimes
present

3 Types of Motion at
Synovial Joints

Linear motion = gliding

Angular motion :

flexion, extension,
hyperextension
ab-, adduction
circumduction

Rotation

left - right, internal or


medial, external or lateral
supination, pronation

Special Movements
Dorsiflexion, plantar flexion
Protraction, retraction
Elevation, depression

Eversion
inversio
n

6 types of
Diarthroses
1

Gliding Joint

Hinge Joint

Pivot Joint

Ellipsoidal joint

Saddle joint

Ball & Socket joint

Gliding Joint

articulating
surfaces flat.

also found between carpals and tarsals


only slight movement - rotation
prevented by ?

Hinge Joint
Convex surface
of bone 1 fits
into concave
surface of bone
2

found in ?

monoaxial

Pivot Joint

rotation

Projection of bone 1 articulates within


ring of bone 2
Also found in proximal ends of ulna and
radius pronation and supination

Ellipsoidal (Condyloid)
Joint
Oval shaped
condyle of bone 1
fits into elliptical
cavity of bone 2

Also found
between
phalanges &
metacarpals/tarsals

Saddle Joint Articular surfaces

shaped like
saddle and rider

Modified
condyloid joint

Extensive
angular motion
without rotation

Ball and Socket Joint


Ball like surface of
bone 1 fits into
cuplike depression of
bone 2

Found in ___________

Allows for flexion, abor adduction and


rotation ( _____axial)

ARTICULUS EXTR.
SUPERIOR
Articulatio
Articulatio
Articulatio
Articulatio
Articulatio
Articulatio

sternoclavicularis
acromioclavicularis
humeri
Cubiti
Radio ulnaris
manus

DISCUS
ARTICULARIS

Artic. manus
Artic.
Artic.
Artic.
Artic.
Artic.

Radio carpalis
Intercarpalis
Carpometacarpalis
Metacarpo phalangealis
interphalangealis

Articulus Extremitas Inferior

artic. sacro iliaca


artic. coxae
artic. genus
artic. tibio-fibularis
artic. pedis

The end