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PRESENTATION

CONCEPT BASED DELIVERY


Concept : APPLICATIONS OF
TRIGONOMETRY
By MUSHTAQ AHMAD
FDC RISALPUR

Prior Knowledge
Trigonometric

Ratios
Alternate angles
Angle of Elevation and Depression
Solution of a right angled triangle

THE AIM

To teach the students how


TRIGONOMETRY is involved in
measuring height and distance

INTRODUCTION

Some questions will be asked to the


students
Q: How do you measure length of a
book, table or a chair?
Ans: By measuring tape or a ruler
Q: What are these measurements
called?
Ans: Direct measurements

Contd.
Q:Is it possible to measure the height of a flag
post or cliff by direct measurement?
Ans: No
Q:How this difficulty can be made easy and
safe?
Ans: These problems can be solved with the
help of trigonometric techniques
(trigonometric ratios, solving a right
triangle).

At this stage the topic will be


disclosed to the students

DEVELOPMENT
Concept
Applications of trigonometry
DLO
Students will be able to find the
height and distance of objects by
using trigonometry, when three
out of two unknowns are given

TREATMENT AND PROCEDURE

Before starting an exercise, a


daily life example will be given
in order to clear the concept of
students

Daily life example

contd

Lets find the height of this class room


Top corner
Angle of elevation
Height =?

Observer

Bottom
corner

Daily Life Example

( Contd)
Top corner

Consider a right triangle


tan =

tan =

height

Perp
Base

height
d

height = tan X d

Observer

Bottom
corner

Daily Life Example

contd

RESULT
Height of the class room = tan X d

If and d are known, height of class


can be calculated

PROCEDURE AND TREATMENT

Example
The angle of elevation of the top of a
flag post from the point on the
ground level 40m away from the flag
post is 60. Find the height of the

post?

Contd

How to solve the


problem?

The angle of elevation of the top of a flag


post from the point on the ground level 40m
away from the flag post is 60. Find the
height of the post?

STEP-1

Proper Understanding of a Statement

What we are going to find?


Height of the flag post
What is given?
Angle of elevation of the top of
the flag post from the ground
The distance between point on
the ground and the flag post

The angle of elevation of the top of a flag


post from the point on the ground level 40m
away from the flag pole is 60. Find the
height of the post?

STEP-2
Making of data

List the known and unknown.


Use symbols to represent the data

Unknown

Height of flag post=h=?


Angle of elevation= =60

Known

Distance between point on


the ground level and flag
post=d=40m

The angle of elevation of the top of a


flag post from the point on the ground level

STEP-3
40m
away from the flag post is 60. Find the
of the post?
height
Conversion
of statement into figure

Flag post
Point on the ground

h
60
C

40m

STEP-4

Solve the ABC for unknown side


Perpendicular
tan=
Base

tan=

AB
BC

h
d

60
C

d=40m

Contd..

tan60
=

h
40
tan60 x 40
69.28 m

Contd

Result
Hence the height of the
flag post is 69.28m

Contd..

Consider another example.


From the top of a outlook tower ,
the angle of depression of a
building on the ground level is
45. How far is the building from
the foot of the tower, if the height
of the tower is 30m?

From the top of a outlook tower , the angle of depression of


a building on the ground level is 45. How far is the
Height
the
= htower,
= 30m
building of
from
thetower
foot of the
if the height of the tower is 30m?
Known

Angle of depression = = 45

Distance between building


and tower = d = ?

Unknown

From the top of a outlook tower , the angle of depression of


a building on the ground level is 45 . How far is the
building from the foot of the tower,
if the height of the tower is 30m?

Building

----------------

Tower

45

30m
Ground level

distance

Foot of
tower

Angle of Elevation and angle


Depression are a pair of
alternate angles

Angle of depression

Alternate angles
L
C

------------------45

1
2

45

A
M

1 2

Angle of B
elevation

Angle of depression

Angle of elevation

Now consider the right triangle ABC


----------------------- C
BC
45
tan=
AB

h=

30
tan45=
d
d=

30
tan 45

30m
45
A

d=?

Contd..
30
d=
1
d = 30m
Hence the distance between the building and
tower is 30m

BOARD SUMMARY

Trigonometric ratios
Concept of angle of Elevation and
Depression
Solution of a right angle triangle
Steps involved in solving the problem
Understanding the problem
Data making
Modification of statement into a right
triangle
Finding unknown side of a right triangle

RECAPITULATION

Today we have studied, how


trigonometric techniques are used to
find the height and distance
Following steps would be revised for
the students
Understanding the problem
Data making
Modifying statement into a right angled
triangle
Solve the right triangle for unknown

The students will be asked if they


have any confusion about the lesson ,
they can ask.

CONSOLIDATION
Question will be given to the student as
a class work
Q. The angle of elevation of the top of
the tree is 35, 100m away from the
ground level. Find the height of the
tree?

HOME WORK
Exercise # 8.5 (page no. 229)
Question # 4 ,10

CONCLUSION
Today we have used trigonometric
tools to find the height and distance
In the next class we will continue the
same exercise