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ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS THAT

REQUIRED INDUSTRIAL
MANAGEMENT APPLICATIONS

ANCIENT EGYPTIANS
4000-1600 B.C.
Used managerial principles
Built pyramids
Used job descriptions

ANCIENT MESOPOTAMIA
4500-2000 B.C.
temples were developed an early concept of a
corporation or a group of temples under a common
body of management
records were kept on clay tables (kil plaka), plans
made, labor divided and work supervised by a
hierarchy of officials