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General Physics 1

Ch. 3 (Vectors)

;
;

) , ,
) , ,

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3.1 ( Coordinate System)


( Cartesian, rectangular
coordinate)
(plane polar
coordinate)

x r cos
y r sin

y
tan
x
r x2 y 2

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General Physics 1

3.2 (Vector and Scalar quantities)

; ,

) , , , ,
; ,

) , ,

v
; A
v
; A or A

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3.3 (Some properties of vectors)


(Equality of
two vectors)

ur ur

AB

(Adding
vectors);

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AB BA

A (B C) ( A B) C

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(Negative of a Vector)

A A;

(Subtracting Vectors)

A B A ( B )

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3.4
(Components of a Vector and Unit Vectors)
(Component);

A Ax Ay

Ay
Ax
cos
,sin
A
A
Ax A cos , Ay A sin

A A 2 A 2
x

tan (
1

Ay
Ax

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;
1

A Ax $
i Ay $j Az k$

r xi$ y $j zk$

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R ( Ax $
i Ay $j ) ( Bx $
i By $j )
( Ax Bx )$
i ( Ay By ) $j

R Rx 2 Ry 2 ( Ax Bx ) 2 ( Ay By ) 2
tan

Ry
Rx

Ay By
Ax Bx

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Homework

3-7
3-16

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