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Ethylene Plant

Consist of ISBL process units and


supporting facilities designed to
produce polymer grade ethylene,
polymer grade propylene,
hydrotreated pyrolysis gasoline and
other by-products

ISBL Facilities

100

200

Charge gas chilling, demethanization, ,ethane refrigeration,


methanation and hydrogen purification by ethane wash

400

Charge gas compression, acid gas removal by caustic wash,


charge gas drying and condensate stripping

300

Pyrolysis (cracking) and quench, gas turbine intergration,


gasoline fractionation, pyrolysis fuel oil stripping, process
water stripping and dilution steam generation

Deehanization, acetylene hydrgenation, ethylene fractionation,


ethylene product delivery system, depropanization, C3
hydrogenation, propylene fractionation and debutanization

500

10/04/16

Propylene refrigeration
2

ISBL Facilities (continue)

600

700

C4/C5 Hydrogenation

1200

Spent caustic pretreatment


Spent caustic oxidation

1100

Heavy NGL feed treatment

900

Utilities distribution

800

Ethylene refrigeration

Pyrolysis gasoline hydrogenation and fractionation

1800

10/04/16

Storage tank yard


3

HOT SECTION

ETHYLENE PLANT
Crack Gas

96 % H2

COLD SECTION
Furnace

Gasoline
Fractionator

Quench Tower

Charge Gas
Compressor
1st, 2nd, & 3rd

AREA 200

Heavy Gasoline

PFO Stripper

PFO

AREA 300
Hydrogen Methane
Separator No. 2

Caustic Water
Wash Tower

99 % H2

Methanator

Hydrogen
Dryer

Ethane Wash
Tower

Hydrogen Methane
Separator No. 1
HP Ethylene

Charge Gas
Compressor
4th & 5th

Charge Gas
Dryer

HP Methane
Chilling Train
Acetylene
Converter

Ethylene Dryer

Ethylene
Fractionator

Demethanizer

Eth

AREA 400
Propylene
Dryer

Deethanizer
Depropanizer
No. 1

Fra

Propylene
Fractionator N

AREA
1100
C4/C5

Depropanizer
No. 2

AREA 100

MAPD
Converter

Reactor
Debutanizer

AREA 1200

PyGas
Reactor

Depentanizer

GENERAL PROCESS DESCRIPTION


HOT SECTION
Crack Gas
Heavy Naphtha
Light Naphtha
C4 Recycle
C2 / C3 Recycle

Furnace

Gasoline
Fractionator

Quench Tower

To Compressor

Heavy Gasoline
Crack the feed into
valuable product

PFO Stripper

Cooling fns effluent,


separate product from
heavy co-products

PFO

Stripped lighter heavy


co-product from PFO

Stripped lighter heavy


co-product from PFO

GENERAL PROCESS DESCRIPTION


COLD SECTION

96 % H2
99 % H2

To Quench Tower
Charge Gas
Compressor
1st, 2nd, & 3rd

Hydrogen Methane
Separator No. 2

Caustic Water
Wash Tower

Methanator

Hydrogen
Dryer

Ethane Wash
Tower

Hydrogen Methane
Separator No. 1
HP Ethylene

Charge Gas
Compressor
4th & 5th

Charge Gas
Dryer

HP Methane
Chilling Train
Acetylene
Converter

Ethylene Dryer

Demethanizer

Compress the charge gas


from 0.3 KG to 37 KG for
separation

Deethanizer

Cold Distillation :
-H2-CH4 separator, Demethanizer, Deethanizer, Ethylene Fractionator.
-Operating T < ambient T
-Separate cracked gas to valuable product such as H2, Methane, Ethylene,
Ethane.

Ethylene
Fractionator
Ethane Recycle

To Hot Distillation

GENERAL PROCESS DESCRIPTION


COLD SECTION (contd)
To Acetylene Converter
Propylene
Dryer

Deethanizer
Depropanizer
No. 1

Propylene
MAPD
Converter

Propylene
Fractionator No. 2

Propylene
Fractionator No. 1

C3 LPG &
C3 Recycled
Crude C4

Depropanizer
No. 2

C4/C5
Reactor

C4 Recycled
C5 mix with Naphtha

Debutanizer
Heavy Gasoline
From Quench Tower

PyGas
Reactor

PyGas
Depentanizer

BTX Tower
C9+

Hot Distillation:
-Depropanizer, Propylene Fractionator, Debutanizer, Depentanizer, BTX Tower
-Operating T > ambient T
-Separate the remaining valuable product such as Propylene, C3LPG, CC4, C5,
Pygas & C9

General Description
Designed to produce
polymer grade ethylene
by thermal cracking of:

10/04/16

Naphthas
C3 LPG
Heavy NGL
Ethane Recycle
Propane recycle
Hydrotreated C4/C5

Also designed to produce


the following y-products:

High Pressure Hydrogen


Methane Offgas
Polymer Grade
Propylene
Hydrotreated Pyrolysis
Gasoline
Pyrolisys Fuel Oil
Heavy Tail End (from HNGL)