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SISTEM

PENGOPERASIAN
PLTU
OLEH :
KARDI BIN KASIRAN

MATERI PEMBELAJARAN
1. OVERVIEW PLTU SURALAYA
UNIT 57
2. SISTEM AIR PENDINGIN
3. SISTEM AIR KONDENSATE
4. SISTEM AIR PENGISI / SIKLUS
AIR
5. SIKLUS UAP
6. SIKLUS UDARA DAN GAS
7. TURBIN DAN GENERATOR
8. SISTEM KELISTRIKAN

PRINSIP DASAR PLTU

SIKLUS PLTU (UNIT 5-7)


10 k, 330 C

169 k, 538 C

MAIN DRUM

HP BY PASS

T U R B I N E S
HP

SUPER
HEATER
REHEATER

IP

LP 2

LP 1

40 k, 336 C

condenser

39 k, 538 C

SEA
LP BY PASS

ECONOMIZER

BOILER

FUEL

12 k, 109 C
COND.
PUMP

180 k
280 C
HP HEATER 8

DEAERATOR

LP HEATER 4

HP HEATER 7

ASH

LP HEATER 3

COND
POLISH

DEMIN
PLANT
FWT

28 k. 40 C

HP HEATER 6
LP HEATER 2

BFP

DESAL PLANT

LP HEATER

GLAND ST
COND
LP HEATER

SUBFP

SISTEM PENDINGIN UTAMA

SISTEM PENDINGIN BANTU

SISTEM AIR PENAMBAH ( KONDENSATE )

SISTEM AIR PENGISI / SIKLUS AIR BOILER ( 1 )

SISTEM AIR PENGISI / SIKLUS AIR BOILER ( 2 )

SIKLUS UAP BOILER DAN TURBIN

SISTEM UDARA PRIMER / PRIMARY AIR

SISTEM UDARA SEKUNDER / SECONDARY AIR

SIKLUS GAS BUANG

SISTEM BAHAN BAKAR / PULVERIZER

SIKLUS UAP TURBIN GENERATOR

SISTEM PELUMASAN DAN PERAPAT MAIN


TURBIN

GENERATOR DAN EXCITER

PRINSIP GENERATOR
ROTATING ELEMENTS
PMG
CT

AC
EX
C

G
AC GENERATOR
PT

THYRISTOR POWER
AMPLIFIER

41 E (FIELD BREAKER )
SHUNT

GATE CIRCUITRY

MEC REGULATOR ( AVR )


MANUAL
CONTRO
L

BASE
ADJUSTER

REGULATOR TRANSFER
(43-90)

REGULATOR POWER

STABILIZ
ER

LIMITER
SENSING
SIGNAL
MIXING
AMPLIFIER

REFERIENCE
& VOLTAGE
SENSING
OTHER
SENSING

REGULATING SYSTEM ELEMENT

VOLTAGE
ADJUSTER

COMPEN
SATOR

VII

VI

UST 7A

UST 6A

UST 5A

UST 7B

UST 6B

UST 5B

GT 7

GT 6

GT 5

SINGLE LINE DIAGRAM 500 KV & 150 KV

IV

III

II

UST4

GT 4

UST3

GT 3

1
9

UST2

GT 2

UST1

GT 1

500 KV BUSBAR : A
7A5

7A4

7A3

7A2

7A1

7AB7

7AB6

7AB5

7AB4

7AB3

7AB2

7AB1

7B7

7B6

7B5

7B4

7B3

7B2

7B1

SST 3
60 MVA

SST 2
46 MVA

SST 1
46 MVA

IBT 1
250 MVA/500/150 KV

FUTURE

150/6 KV

500 KV GANDUL 2

BUSBAR : A 150 KV

150/6 KV

500 KV BUSBAR : B
500 KV GANDUL 1

150/10,5 KV

500 KV CLG I

7A6

500 KV CLG II

7A7

IBT 2
250 MVA
500/150 KV

5A6

5A3

5A2

5A1

5A4

5A5

5AB6

5AB3

5AB2

5AB1

5AB4

5AB5

5B6

5B3

5B2

5B1

5B4

5B5

SALIRA INDAH 2

UDIKLAT

KOMPLEK

MERAK

PRIMA
( SALIRA INDAH 2)

Solikan 6B

20 KV

PC

SST 4
60 MVA
150/10,5 KV

CILEGON 2/PENI
150 KV

TFT
30 MVA
150/20 KV

CILEGON 1
150 KV

BUSBAR : B 150 KV

20

( LOKASI SWITCH GEAR )


4000 A

10,5 KV START UP BUS A

BUS A TO SST 3

10,5 KV START UP BUS B

BUS B TO SST 4

GT 23 / 500 KV
767 MVA

2A4B

2B3B

2B5A

2B9A

2B5B

4B1B

TIE BREAKER

3,3 KV SWGR 5B

SPARE
400 V AUX ISLAND LVS B

2000

400 V BOILER LVS 5B

IDF 5A

FDF 5A

PAF 5A

CWP 5A

3,3 KV SWGR 5A

10,5 / 3,3 KV
SWGR TR
5A
5B

2000 A
A

2B4A

2B8A

400 V PRECP LVS 5B

400 V CWP LVS A

400 V BOILER LVS 5A

400 V ASH LVS 5A

400 V TURBIN LVS 5A

CEP 5A

2A8B

Solikan 6B

10,5 KV SWGR 5B

IDF 5B

2A5B

FDF 5B

2A5A

PAF 5B

2A4A

2A10

SST 4

FROM 150 KV SUB


( VIA UNDERGROUND CABLE )
3000 A
2B10

2B2B

CWP 5B

2A3B

2A2B

GENERATOR 5
600 MW / 23 KV

CEP 5B

10,5 KV SWGR 5A

400 V TURBIN LVS 5B

SST
INC
BRK

SU BFP

UST 5B
23 / 150 KV
56 MVA

400 V ASH LVS 5B

UST 5A
23 / 150 KV
56 MVA

SST 3
10.5 KV/150 KV
67 MVA

400 V AUX ISLAND LVS D

10.5 KV STATION SWGR A

400V PRECP LVS 5A

10,5 KV SWGR UNIT 5

TERIMA KASIH