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Injustice Done To Dou E

(Snow in Midsummer)
By
Guan Han qing

Guan Hanqing
(1241-1320)
"the Oldman of the
Studio
China's Shakespeare
of the Yuan Dynasty
Chinese playwright
and poet
most prolific and
highly regarded
dramatist of the Yuan
period
produced about 65
plays

The Injustice to Dou E


Saving the Dusty-windy(Saving the Prostitute
or Rescued by a Coquette)
The Conference of a SingleDao(Meeting the
Enemies Alone or Lord GuanGoes to the
Feast)
The Pavilion of Moon-Worship
The Butterfly Dream
The Wife-Snatcher
The Riverside Pavilion
The Jade Mirror-Stand
Death of theWinged-Tiger General

Guan Hanqing (1241-1320)


greatest playwright of the Chinese classical
theatre
scholar who used to be a part of writers
guild that specialized in writing plays for
performing groups
created compelling characters, often women
of low social standing who act with
intelligence, integrity, and courage
writing style is simple and straightforward

Guan Hanqing (1241-1320)


"the leader of all loafers in the country"
"copper pea that cannot be crushed
Zaju a drama form popular during the Yuan
Dynasty
Zaju gave voice to the repressed and
indignant feelings
Zaju reflected the reality of the society

Guan Hanqing (1241-1320)


Guan's plays did not aspire to entertain
nobles but articulate the bitterness of the
common people.
His works encouraged common people to
fight against oppression

Source: http://
www.britannica.com/art/Chinese-performing-arts

CONVENTIONS OF
CHINESE DRAMA

General Perspective
The early dance and theatre of China is
linked to religious beliefs and customs.
Performing arts in China started around
1000 BCE
Early drama in China varied from one
place to another, but all are related to
religious beliefs. Early form of Chinese
drama include rituals like impersonation of
gods.

General Perspective
Thought he concept of drama has not
yet surfaced in the Chinese culture,
performances are held in Chinese courts
as early as the Zhou Dynasty.
A famous anecdote relates a story about
a jester who flawlessly impersonated a
deceased prime minister that the
emperor himself believed that his prime
minister was resurrected.

Drama in the Yuan Dynansty


Written mostly by scholars who are relieved
from their positions in the government.
The life of the common man is portrayed with
considerable reality in Yuan drama, though
within a highly formalized artistic frame.
Focused more on artistic themes than in the
plot.
The lasting worth of Yuan plays is attested to
by their constant adaptation to new musical
styles over the years so that Yuan masterpieces
make up a large part of the traditional opera
repertory.

Drama in the Yuan Dynasty


Yuan plays are called Yuan Zajus.
Yuan plays are known for their
romantic and sentimental plots.
Drama avoids tragedy, but is
frequently infused with pathos and
death of women. (infoplease.com)

Yuan Dynasty
Nationalism is part of their literature.
Out of thousands of literary pieces, only
about 700 titles survived, among these
are 171 complete pieces. Most literary
pieces are found in temples.
Often they are replete with Confucian
ethical precepts, propounded with rigid
didacticism. Many of the plays, however,
embody a Taoist mysticism that runs
counter to Confucian influence.

Injustice Done To Dou E


(Snow in Midsummer)
By
Guan Hanqing

Characters
Mistress Tsai
A rich widow who was left with an
eight-year old child and riches when
her husband died.
Tou Tien-Chang
A learned man who had studied the
classics, and has no money to travel
to the capital for the civil service
examination.
Tou Ngo
The protagonist in the play. She was

Characters
Doctor Lu
The doctor who attempted to
murder Mistress Tsai
Old Chang
Donkeys father who dies from
accidental poisoning.
Donkey
Intended to poison Mistress Tsai,
but accidentally poisoned his
father.

Plot
Exposition
The opening scene revolved around
a rich widow, Mistress Tsai, who loaned
ten taels to Tou Tien-Chang.

Plot
Rising Action
Old Chang ate the poisoned and he died.
Immediately, Donkey accused Tou Ngo
of the crime, and brought her to the
judge.

Plot
Climax
Tou Ngo was sentenced to be executed.

Plot
Falling Action
Snows begin to appear at midsummer
(an allusion to Chinese folklore), which
means that an injustice has been served
to Tou Ngo.

Plot
Denouement
Tou Ngo showed herself to her
father in order for her to receive due
justice. Donkey was then sentenced to
death

Themes
Justice will persist until it is
attained.
Desires make humans do extreme
things.

FIGURES OF SPEECH

Simile

Apostrophe

Allusion

Anaphora

Paradox

Hyperbole