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03-1: Fotogrametri : Geometri

dalam Foto Udara


Disampaikan Oleh : Agus Lestari Yuwono
Sumber : John Jensen, Remote Sensing of the
Environment
1

Aplikasi untuk Foto Udara


FlightlineofAerialPhotography
FlightlineofAerialPhotography
DirectionofFlight
DirectionofFlight

Exposurestation
Exposurestation
#1
#2
#3
#1
#2
#3
lens
lens

60%overlap
60%overlap
stereoscopicmodel
stereoscopicmodel
Coverageofphotograph
Coverageofphotograph

altitude
altitude
above
above
ground
ground
level,
level,H
H

terrainrecordedonthree
terrainrecordedonthree

2
successivephotographs

successivephotographs

Pertampalan Foto Udara


BlockofAerialPhotography
BlockofAerialPhotography
obliquephotographymaybe
obliquephotographymaybe
acquiredattheendofa
acquiredattheendofa
flightlineastheaircraft
flightlineastheaircraft
Flightline#1
Flightline#1
bankstoturn
bankstoturn

Flightline#2
Flightline#2
2030%
2030%
sidelap
sidelap
Flightline#3
Flightline#3

Contoh :
Sumber :

Jensen:
photos of
Columbia SC
a.

a.

b.
b.

34
34

35
35

36
36

46
46

45
45

44
44

Blockof
Blockof
AerialPhotography
AerialPhotography
Compiledinto
Compiledinto
anUncontrolled
anUncontrolled
Photomosaic
Photomosaic

Foto 4-5 dari slide sebelumnya

Geometri pada
citra foto udara di
atas permukaan
yang datar

Geometri secara detail di atas bidang datar


ExposureStation,L
ExposureStation,L

Camera
Camera
lens
lens
Focallength,
Focallength,
ff

f
Scale
H

Positive
Positive
print
print

aa

oo

bb

Image
Image
space
space

Optical
Optical
axis
axis

Altitude
Altitude
above
above
ground
ground
level,
level,
HH

PrincipalPoint
PrincipalPoint

AA

Realworld
Realworld
P
P objectspace
objectspace BB

Detail
Geometri di
atas bidang
yang
berbukit

Exposurestation,L
Exposurestation,L

Camera
Camera
lens
lens
Focallength
Focallength
ff

oo
ee
cc aa bb
dd

Image
Image
space
space

gg

Altitude
Altitude
above
above
sealevel
sealevel
HH

D
D

AA

EE

BB

Object
Object
space
space
GG

PP

Highestelevation
Highestelevation
abovesealevel,
abovesealevel,
hhmax
C
Averageelevation
max
C
Averageelevation
abovesealevel,
abovesealevel,
Lowestelevation
Lowestelevation
hh
abovesealevel,
abovesealevel,
hhmin
Sealevel
Sealevel
min

Tinggi yang diperoleh dari relief


displacement
b
a
b a

o
o Negative
Negative
f
f

h
h = d
d
=
rr
H
H
d
xx H
d
H
h
=
h =
rr

Principalpoint
Principalpoint

Exposurestation,L
Exposurestation,L
Positive
Positive

d
d
r
r
oo aa

H
H

r=2.23in.

r=2.23in.
d=0.129in.

d=0.129in.
H=2978.5ftabovelocaldatum

H=2978.5ftabovelocaldatum
h=172ft
h=172ft
localdatum
localdatum

bb

BB
h
h
PP
PP

AA

Contoh : Tinggi dari relief displacement

Principalpoint(PP)
Principalpoint(PP)

r
r

ffligh htt
LLinine oe offlig

d
d
d
d

10

Tinggi yang diperoleh dari panjang bayangan


MeasurementoftheHeightof
MeasurementoftheHeightof
ObjectsBasedonShadowLength
ObjectsBasedonShadowLength

opposite
opposite
tana=
tana=
adjacent
adjacent
height,h
height,h
=
=
shadow,L
shadow,L
h=Lxtana
h=Lxtana

hh

aa
shadow
shadow
LL

11

Contoh : Tinggi
yang diperoleh dari
panjang bayangan

0.119
0.119
59.1
59.1

0.241
0.241
119.65
119.65

12

Prinsip Stereocospis
Sefinisi dari sudut

paralaks

A
b
tan

2
2 DA
A
b
DA cot
2
2
13

Stereophotogrammetry

14

Persamaan Parallax
P absolute parallax (air base in previous slide)
dP differential parallax (Pa or Pb in previous slide)
H h flight altitude (where P is measured at altitude h )
ho height of object above h
dP
ho H h
P dP

15