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Seizure

Presented by:
GROUP 2
1C-Pharmacy
Barandon, Eloisa Lorraine V.
Bernardo, Aiden Vincent S.
Boongaling, Jinger Florence C.
Chavez, Noreen Mae E.
Chua, Kharl Edriane D.
Chuatiamsing,
Madelaine

Definition

Seizure
- the physical findings or changes in
behavior that occur after an episode of
abnormal electrical activity in the brain.

Causes
Some common causes of seizure:

Abnormal levels of sodium or glucose in the blood


Brain infection, including meningitis
Brain injury that occurs to the baby during labor or childbirth
Brain problems that occur before birth (congenital brain defects)
Drug abuse
Electric shock
Epilepsy
Fever (particularly in young children)
Head injury
Heart disease
Heat illness (heat intolerance)
High fever

Symptoms
Some common symptoms of seizure:
Brief blackout followed by a period of confusion (the person cannot
remember for a short time)
Drooling or frothing at the mouth
Eye movements
Grunting and snorting
Mood changes, such as sudden anger, unexplainable fear, panic, joy,
or laughter
Shaking of the entire body
Sudden falling
Teeth clenching
Temporary stop in breathing
Uncontrollable muscle spasms with twitching and jerking limbs

Types of Seizure
2 types:
Focal/Partial seizure activity is limited to a part of one
brain hemisphere.
- retained awareness, loss awareness
Generalized seizure occur when there is widespread
seizure activity in the left and right hemispheres of the
brain.
- absence, tonic-clonic/convulsive, atonic, clonic, tonic,
myoclonic

Types of Seizure
Under Focal/Partial Seizure:
Retained Awareness/Simple Partial
Seizure
Simple partial seizures can be motor seizures that cause change in
muscle activity.
These seizures can be sensory seizures that cause changes in any
one of the senses.
These seizures can be autonomic seizures that cause changes in
the part of the nervous system that automatically controls bodily
functions.
These seizures can be psychic seizures that change how people
think, feel, or experience things.

Types of Seizure
Under Focal/Partial Seizure:
Loss Awareness/Complex Partial Seizure
Complex partial seizures last 1 to 2 minutes.
These seizures may have an aura (or warning).
Complex Partial Seizures include automatisms
(such as lip smacking, picking at clothes,
fumbling), unaware of surroundings or may
wander.
Many treatment options are available including
medicines, diet, surgery and devices.

Types of Seizure
Under Generalized Seizure:
1. Absence Seizure (Petitmal) epilectic activity the
occurs throughout the entire brain.
2. Tonic-clonic/Convulsive
seizures

electric
discharges instantaneously involve in the brain
3. Atonic seizures/Prop attacks lose consciousness,
collapse and just fall to the floor.
4. Clonic seizures may lose bodily functions and begin
jerking in various parts of the body.
5. Tonic seizures occur without clonic jerking
6. Myoclonic seizures abrupt muscle jerks iin parts or
all parts of the body.

QUIZ
Arrange the sequence according to its
correct order. Write only numbers 1-5.
__ Make a safe space for the patient
__ Provide head support
__ Time the Seizure
__ Once the seizure stops, put the patient in
recovery mode
__ Stay with the patient until he/she regains
consciousness