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Erosion Behavior of Steel and Aluminum Substrates

and Related Multilayer Metallic Nitride Coatings

Joo Otvio Borba

Name: Joo Otvio Borba

City: Salvador, Bahia
Major: Mechanical Engineering, 4th
Host University: St. Ambrose
University, Iowa
Former University: Federal
University of Bahia

Nitride Coatings (CrN, TiN, CrAlN, TiAlN)

Base material: Cemented carbide
Method: Cathode Arc-evaporation Technique
Addition of Al:
Higher oxidation resistance.
Higher hardness.
Higher corrosion resistance.

Coating Aspects Evaluated

Erosion Wear Test: Dry blasting machine

Angle of jet: 90
Erodent Abrasive: Silicon Carbide (SiC)

Wear Depth: Evaluated with profilometer
Erosion Rate:

Nitride Coating: The deposition of the PVD coatings
causes the surface layer hardness increase.
Addition of Al: Improve the erosion wear resistance in
comparison with the other coatings

Bias Effect
The film composition is correlated to substrate bias

Structure Effect

The composition and microstructure can be controlled by
bias voltage.
The graded configuration performed better than the
monolithic and multilayered film structures.

Deposition rate and elemental composition of the CrSiCN


The coating composed of CrSiCN could be study and
compared with other coatings.
The elemental composition of the coating can greatly
affect the performance of it.

Properties of Cemented Carbides Tested

The deposition of the multi-layer and multi-component
coatings proved to perform better than a mono layer

Joo Otvio Borba

A microscope is an instrument used to observe objects
that are too small to be seen by the human naked eyes.

Physical Principles

Compound Light Microscope (Optical)

Most widely used
Light passes through 2 lenses
Can magnify up to 2000x

Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM)

Produces images of a sample by scanning it with a
focused beam of electrons.
Can magnify up to 100,000x

Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM)

The image is formed from the interaction of the electrons
transmitted through the specimen.
Can magnify up to 250,000x

Wear and Erosion

Joo Otvio Borba

The process of removal and deformation of material on a
surface due to interactions between surfaces.

Geometry of the surface

Applied load
The rolling and sliding velocities
Environmental conditions
Properties of the involved materials

Wear Processes

Surface Fatigue

The impact of solid particles, or small drops of liquid or gas on the
solid surface cause wear what is known as erosion of materials
and components.
Solid particle erosion
Surface wear by impact of solid particles carried by a gas or fluid.

Liquid drop erosion

Surface wear by impact of liquid drops.

Cavitation erosion
Surface wear in a flowing liquid by the generation and implosive
collapse of gas bubbles.