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ENVIRONMENT IMPACT

ASSESSMENT
PARVATI-TALJAI
BY:
DIVYA BHANDARI
HINAL PAREKH
MAITREYEE JOSHI
PRASHANSHA
SRIVASTAVA
CHAULA TRIVEDI

LOCATION

MAHARASHTRA, PUNE
PARVATI-TALJAI STRETCH

PUNE
KNOW AS OXFORD OF THE EAST, AND CULTURAL CAPITAL OF
MAHARASHTRA
THE CENTRE OF TRADITIONAL MARATHI CULTURE AND KNOWN AS
THE SILICON VALLEY OF INDIA.
IT HAS ONE OF INDIA'S OLDEST UNIVERSITIES AND ITS NUMEROUS
COLLEGES ATTRACT BOTH INDIAN AND INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS.

CLIMATE
: MODERATE
HUMIDITY
: 40% TO 60%
PREVAILING WIND DIRECTION : WEST
TEMPERATURE RANGE
: 15C TO 35C

LOCATION AND ACCESSIBILITY:

PUNE CITY: ENVIRONMENT


WHAT IS URBAN AREA?
ANURBAN
AREAIS
AHUMAN
SETTLEMENTWITH
HIGHPOPULATION
DENSITYANDINFRASTRUCTUREOFBUILT ENVIRONMENT.
URBAN AREAS ARECREATED THROUGHURBANIZATIONAND ARE CATEGORIZED BYURBAN
MORPHOLOGYASCITIES, TOWNS,CONURBATIONSORSUBURBS.
THE CREATION OF EARLY PREDECESSORS OF URBAN AREAS
DURING
THEURBAN REVOLUTIONLED TO THE
CREATION OF HUMANCIVILIZATIONWITH MODERNURBAN
PLANNING.
THIS ALONG WITH OTHER HUMAN ACTIVITIES SUCH
ASEXPLOITATION
OF
NATURAL
RESOURCESLEADS
TOHUMAN IMPACT
ON THE ENVIRONMENT.
ECOLOGICAL
INHERITANCE:
IT IS DIFFICULT TO IMAGINE THIS IN CITIES BUT THE FACT IS
THAT A CHECKLIST OF BIRDS IN DELHI AND PUNE REVEALS 400
SPECIES EACH.
PUNE SHELTERS OVER HALF THE SPECIES OF HIGHER ANIMALS
RECORDED FROM THE DECCAN PLATEAU. THE NUMBER OF
SPECIES PRESENT IN AN AREA CAN BE TAKEN ASIAN INDEX OF
BIODIVERSITY
.
CITIES
LIKE NAGPUR
AND PUNE HAVE METICULOUSLY DOCUMENTED DIFFERENT
ASPECTS OF THIS DIVERSITY THAT ONE SOMETIMES FAILS TO RECOGNIZE IN
THE HUSTLE-BUSTLE OF CITY LIFE.

PUNE ECOLOGY

Considering the pace at which cities are expanding within a phenomenon called urbanization, we
need to ask if urban biodiversity really stand a chance of survival?

HAT CONTRIBUTES TO BIODIVERSITY OF CITY:


The diversity of trees, plants, herbs, mammals, birds, insects, reptiles and aquatic life, fish
in the urban area is usually attributed to a variety of ecosystems available in the urban
area.
Together this makes up the biodiversity of the city.

HOW RICH IS PUNE AS FAR AS THE DIVERSITY OF ECOSYSTEMS IS


CONCERNED?

Any urban environment is a composite of every single natural and manmade unit.
Trees, birds, streams, open land, hills, water bodies, parks, lakes, institutional areas, public
areas, built-up areas and other open spaces are all part of the urban environment.
Pune city is endowed with a diverse and rich network of ecosystems. These provide
important ecological services for biodiversity, waste and pollution treatment, climate,
water and flood management.

PUNE ECOLOGY

SCENARIO OF TYPES OF ECOSYSTEMS BOUND IN THE REGION


FROM SHIVAJINAGAR BUS STAND TO DECCAN GYMKHANA:

PUNE ECOLOGY

OVERVIEW OF BIODIVERSITY IN PUNE:


The treasure of Punes flora and fauna includes more than 400 species of birds, along
with 65 wild mammal species, among the highest in any Indian city.
Pune is also a home to over 380 tree species, 104 different varieties of butterflies
including the Blue Mormon and Plain puffin.
There are 600 herb flora species, 108 fish species not to mention reptiles,
and insects. Pune incidentally is also said to be the fourth greenest city in India.

Currently, the urban environment and the biodiversity of Pune are being threatened by
haphazard and poorly planned urban development.
Migration into the city has also increased, and the current facilities and infrastructure are
inadequate.
Pune also ranks as the thirteenth most pollute (air) city of India as per the Environment
Status Report (2006-2007) of the Pune Municipal Corporation.

PUNE ECOLOGY

LANDUSE PATTERN OF PUNE:


1967

Source: - Geography of Pune Urban Area - S. B.


Nalavade,
Journal of Ecological Society, Vol 13 and 14, 2000-01

PUNE ECOLOGY

1998

PROMINENT HILLS IN THE CITY THAT CONSTITUTE AN IMPORTANT


COMPONENT OF THE URBAN ENVIRONMENT?
1. Parvati hill and Taljai hill as part of Pachgaon Parvati
2. Law College hill, Chaturshingi, ARAI, MIT hill as part of the larger Vetal hill Complex.
3. Kothrud -Malwadi hill
4. Katraj hill
5. Ramtekdi hill
6. Fergusson hill
7. Baner hill
8. Ganeshkhind hill (Pune University)
9. Dighi hill
10. Yerawadeshwar hill
11. Bibwewadi - Kondhwa hill.
View from Law college hill

The vegetation on these hills supports nearly a fifth of the butterfly species.
These hills also exclusively host over a sixth of the bird species of Pune.
These are the lungs of the city as they clean up the air and the environment through their
complex ecological functioning.

PUNE ECOLOGY

PROBLEMS FACED BY THE HILLS:


The hills are threatened by development activities, unmonitored
tree felling and various levels of encroachment including
constructions, slums and hutment colonies .
There are also regular instances of fires on some of the hills.
The hills that lie in the vicinity of residential areas are often
strewn with waste, especially plastic, and are used as dumping
grounds for debris.
Then there is also the problem of propagation of monocultures
and exotic species that replace local and native plants and trees.
Hence it is recommended that certain areas on the hills be restricted so that quiet spots
which do not have any human interference can be developed.
The removal of grass and shrubs has also led to the destruction of natural grassland leading
to a consequent decline in the number of insects.
This has further resulted in a decline in the number of insectivorous species of birds.

PUNE ECOLOGY

MAP INDICATING PARVATI-TAIJAI HILL STRETCH:

INTRODUCTION TO PARVATI-TALJAI HILL

PARVATI HILL:
Parvati Hill, a hillock located in Pune city in Maharashtra. Parvati hill covers the conical hill
along with the forest area behind called Pachgaon Parvati. It has historic, ecological and
cultural importance.
It has history of 250 years. The hillock rises up to 2,100 feet
(640 m) above sea level. Atop the hillock is the Parvati
Temples, which are one of the most scenic locations in Pune.
The temple is the oldest heritage structure in Pune and was
built in the Peshwa Dynasty rule. It is also used as an
observation spot for visitors of thepanorama of Pune.
It is the second highest point in Pune premises (after Vetal
Hill). Parvati isthe daily visiting place for a number of citizens
and for many people, going to Parvati (103 steps) forms a part
of their daily exercise routine.
In recent years it is started to fade away its beauty with growing
slum area around the hill. Forest cover on the Pachgaon Parvati is
decreasing day by day. The area needs development in
sustainable manner which will help to become the place as one of
the important tourism destination.

INTRODUCTION TO PARVATI-TALJAI HILL

The Parvati gates open at 5.00 am and close at 8.00 pm. There are 103 steps to reach the
hilltop. The steps are an example of fine stone work of the Maratha period.
A special black quarry stone has been used for all these steps. It is weather-resistant and
except for a few places, the stone has survived for over two hundred and fifty years even
after being fully exposed to sun, wind and water .
There are 5 temples on the hill which includes Devdeveshwar temple, Vishnu
Temple, Kartikeya Temple, Shri Vittal Temple and Ramana Temple.

Peshwa museum at Parvati

Greenary on Parvati hill

Temple complex

View of city from hills


View of city from hills

Temple on the top

Greenary on Parvati hill

Temple complex

Greenary on Parvati hill

INTRODUCTION TO PARVATI-TALJAI HILL

TALJAI HILL:
Taljai Hills is extending southern part of Parvati hill. The total area of the Parvati- Taljai hills is
about 4.25 sq.km. The hill is lush green during the monsoons. Panoramic view of Pune City
from the hill top is easily seen.

Environmental importance:
Taljai hill includes forestry with variety of trees. It also includes
variety of animals and birds.
Ela Foundation, a city-based non-governmental organization, has
recorded more than 300 species of flora and fauna, as well as
133 species of birds in 94 genera and 44 families in these hills.
A comprehensive checklist of several other taxa, a group of one
or
More populations of organisms, recorded at Taljai-Waghjai
foothills. These include 15 species of mammals, five of
amphibians, at least 13 of reptiles, butterflies, scorpions and
spiders, odonates, and flora. (Times of India April 17, 2013)

INTRODUCTION TO PARVATI-TALJAI HILL

The hills provide for several winter migratory birds. Five species of birds recorded in the
foothills are endemic to India and are found nowhere else in the world.
Another species of mammals is native to the Indian subcontinent. Many of them are
sensitive to disturbances and will be forced to leave this habitat if there is traffic, noise and
pollution.

ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL DEGRADATION OF THE HILLS:


In the recent years these hills are under threats. Slum areas
around the Parvati hill increasing day by day.
Now the hill is totally surrounded by slum.
Illegal tree cutting, liquor consumption, obscene acts by
couples and encroachment of land on the Taljai hill are also
threatening problems.

DEMOGRAPHIC COMPARISON:

Slum area at the foothill of Parvati

INTRODUCTION TO PARVATI-TALJAI HILL

PRIMARY DATA

What is your name?

Sushil Shah Nidhi Deshpande Namita Sharma Preksha Bohra Kamlesh Patel Arun Tripathi

What is your age?

32

24

28

19

45

52

Do you come here everyday?

yes

weekends

yes

weekend

yes

yes

How many times in a day do you come here?

morning

morning

evening

morning

both

morning

Where do you stay?

Nearby

Karve Road

Nearby

Nearby

Nearby

Swargate

How do you travel?

Walking

Four Wheeler

Walking

Walking

Walking

Two wheeler

How much time time do you spend here?

1-1.5 Hrs

2 Hrs

1 Hrs

1 Hrs

1-1.5 Hrs

2 Hrs

What activities do you do here?

Jogging

Walking

Walking

Hangout

Yoga/Exercise

Walking

Do you buy anything from the stalls here?

yes

yes

yes

no

yes

yes

Do you have food from the stalls here?

sometimes no

sometimes

yes

yes

no

Where do you park your vehicles?

entry

entry

Do you sight any interesting species of birds?

sometimes yes/peacock

no

yes/peacock

sometimes

yes/peacock

Are you a nature enthusisast?

no

yes

yes

yes

yes

yes

Do you listen to any type of gadget here?

no

yes

yes

yes

no

no

Are there adequate dustbins here?

no

no

yes

no

yes

no

Do you feel the park is polluted?

yes

yes

yes

yes

no

no

Do you feel the disturbance from the residential area nearby?

yes

yes

yes

yes

no

no

Do you come here alone or with people?

alone

alone

alone

alone

alone

alone

Have you seen people creating nuisance to the species?

yes

yes

no

yes

yes

yes

Do you donate money / food for the park?

yes

no

no

no

yes

yes

Are there any cultural activities conducted during festivals?

yes

yes

yes

no

yes

yes

Is there any NGO involvement?

dont know dont know

dont know

dont know

I think yes

dont know

Do you face any problems here?

yes

no

yes

no

yes

no

Is there any nuisance caused by dogs?

yes

no

yes

no

yes

yes

How often do the municipal corporation come for picking up waste?


Maximum people at a time?

INTERVIEW QUESTIONNAIRE- PRIMARY DATA

PRIMARY DATA

What is your name?

Sandeep Verma

Pallavi kulkarni

Deepak Patil

Mohit Chaudhary

What is your age?

48

26

55

29

Do you come here everyday?

yes

thrice

yes

rarely

How many times in a day do you come here?

both

evening

morning

evening

Where do you stay?

Nearby

Tilak Road

Satara Road

Satara Road

How do you travel?

Walking

Four Wheeler

Four Wheeler

Four Wheeler

How much time time do you spend here?

30- 40 Min

30 Min

30- 40 Min

1-1.5 Hrs

What activities do you do here?

Walking

Yoga

Yoga

Badminton

Do you buy anything from the stalls here?

yes

no

yes

yes

Do you have food from the stalls here?

yes

yes

sometimes

no

entry

entry

entry

Where do you park your vehicles?


Do you sight any interesting species of birds?

sometimes

no

no

yes/Hoopooe

Are you a nature enthusisast?

yes

yes

yes

yes

Do you listen to any type of gadget here?

no

yes

no

yes

Are there adequate dustbins here?

no

no

yes

no

Do you feel the park is polluted?


Do you feel the disturbance from the residential area
nearby?

yes

yes

no

yes

yes

yes

no

yes

Do you come here alone or with people?

alone

friends

friends

alone

Have you seen people creating nuisance to the species?

no

yes

yes

yes

Do you donate money / food for the park?


Are there any cultural activities conducted during
festivals?

no

no

yes

no

no

no

yes

no

Is there any NGO involvement?

dont know

yes

dont know

I think yes

Do you face any problems here?

no

no

yes

no

Is there any nuisance caused by dogs?

yes

no

no

no

How often do the municipal corporation come for picking


up waste?
Maximum people at a time?

INTERVIEW QUESTIONNAIRE- PRIMARY DATA

TOTAL NO. OF SPECIES:

INTRODUCTION:
ENVIORNMENTAL IMPACT OCCURS DUE TO :

WATER

AIR

LAND

SECONDARY INFORMATION:
BIRDS OF THE PARVATI HILLS

ENVIORNMENTAL IMPACT

DUE TO FLORA
NOISE

FAUNA

NDEMIC SPECIES OF PARVATI-TALJAI


ORDER: ANURA
SAHYADRI BUSH FROG (FEJERVARYA SAHYADRENSIS)
CLASS: MAMMALIA
SINHAGAD RAT (MILARDIA KONDANA) ENDEMIC WESTERN GHATS
INDIAN PANGOLIN (MANIS CRASSICAUDTA) ENDEMIC INDIAN SUB
CONTINENT.
ENDEMIC FLORA OF THE PARVATI:
ANGIOSPERMS
RANUNCULACEAE
MALPIGHIACEAE
BURSERACEAE- Boswellia serrate Roxb
OLEACEAE-Jasminum malabaricum wt. endemic
ASTERACEAE-Blumea malcolmii (C.B.CL) Hook
f.endemic
EUPHORBIACEAE-Jatropha nana dalz
ANCANTHEACE-Cyanrospermum asperimum
ORCHIDACEAE- Habaneria grandiflorifloris
LILIAECAE-Iphegenia pallida
ARACEAE-Arisaemamurrayi
POACEAE-Aristidastocksii Domin,heterpogan
ritichei,lophogon tridentatus

Boswellia serrate Roxb

Jasminum malabaricum

Habaneria grandiflorifloris

SECONDARY INFORMATION- NEWSPAPER CUTTINGS

SECONDARY INFORMATION- NEWSPAPER CUTTINGS

SECONDARY INFORMATION- NEWSPAPER CUTTINGS

LAND ENVIRONMENT

Questionnaire

Is soil erosion prevalent?

YES

NO

IMPACT

IMAGE

MINOR

MODERATE

MAJOR

MITIGATION

REDUCES SOIL COVER

TREE PLANTATION

WASTE DISPOSAL

PROVISION OF DUST BINS

PROVISION OF DUST BINS

MIXING OF CEMENT SAND


IN SOIL AFFECTING ITS
QUALITY

PROPER CONSTRUCTION
WASTE MANAGEMENT

TREE PLANTATION

Is there any impact on quality of soil


due to current tourism activity?

Does the waste management system


affect the quality of soil?

Was there any existing ecosystem


earlier?

Are there any effects on quality of soil


due to construction equipments?

Are there any measures taken to


reduce soil erosion?

Is there any change in topography of


the site?

Is the site located in earthquake prone


zone?

CHECKLIST METHOD

If it is an earthquake prone zone, are


there any mitigation measures taken?
Is there any river flowing near the
site?
Is there any underground drainage
system planned?
If yes, does it affect the quality of
soil?
Are there any natural stones used for
the construction?
Is the waste generated on site
deposited in landfill or dumping site?

LAND ENVIRONMENT

MAGNITUDE
SIGNIFICANCE

ACTIVITY
CONSTRUCTION
ACTIVITIES
VISITOR ACTIVITIES
COMMERCIAL ACTIVITIES
PLANTATION OF TREES

SOIL QUALITY SOIL EROSION


-6
7
1
9
10
-5
0
-5
7
0
-7
-7
-14
7
6
9
5
14
9
6
-6
-6
0
7
7
7
-5
2

MATRICES

WASTE DISPOSAL

19
7
13
15
-12

LAND ENVIRONMENT
ANALYSIS:
LAND ENVIRONMENT AT PARVATI AND TALJAI IS EXTREMELY IMPORTANT FOR THE SUSTAINANCE
OF THE FLORA AND FAUNA.
CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITIES OF RESTING PERGOLAS AND BUIDINGS ARE PREVALENT ENROUTE
TALJAI CAUSING SIGNIFICANT IMPACT ON SOIL THROUGH EROSION AND SOIL QUALITY.
ENDOPEDONIC (INSIDE THE SOIL) ANIMALS ARE CONSIDERED WITH RESPECT TO TWELVE
ACTIVITIES: MOUNDING, MIXING, FORMING VOIDS, BACK-FILLING VOIDS, FORMING AND
DESTROYING PEDS, REGULATING SOIL EROSION, REGULATING MOVEMENT OF WATER AND AIR IN
SOIL, REGULATING PLANT LITTER, REGULATING NUTRIENT CYCLING, REGULATING BIOTA, AND
PRODUCING SPECIAL CONSTITUENTS. ANIMALS PARTICIPATE IN NUMEROUS PROCESSES OF SOIL
FORMATION AND EFFECT THE USEFULNESS OF SOILS.
TREES MIGHT AMELIORATE DEGRADED SOIL:
INCREASE THE AMOUNT OF SOIL N2, PARTICULARLY IF THE SPECIES FI X N2;
(II) ALTER THE QUANTITY AND QUALITY OF SOIL ORGANIC MATTER AND ASSOCIATED SOIL
PROPERTIES;
ENRICH SURFACE SOIL NUTRIENTS, PARTICULARLY IN DEEP-ROOTED SPECIES; AND
ALTER THE MICROCLIMATE BY REDUCING TEMPERATURE AND MOISTURE EXTREMES.
CULTURAL ACTIVITIES AFFECT SOIL QUALITY DUE TO RELIGIOUS RITUALS.
INFERENCES:
THE HIGHEST IMPACT ON THE LAND ENVIRONMENT IS DUE TO THE EXTENSIVE
CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITIES.ALSO THE WASTE GENERATED DUE TO COMMERCIAL
ACTIVITIES ADDS TO THE IMPACT ON SOIL QUALITY.
MITIGATION:
INCREASE IN PLANTATION OF NATIVE SPECIES AND IMPROVE SOILD WASTE MANAGEMENT OF
THE COMMERCIAL ACTIVITIES.

WATER POLLUTION

Questionnaire

Are there any water bodies on the


site?

YES

NO

IMPACT

IMAGE

MITIGATION

THROWING GARBAGE IN THE


PONDS AFFECTS WATER
QUALITY

THROWING GARBAGE IN THE


PONDS AFFECTS WATER
QUALITY

FROGS

Does the water get polluted due to


improper waste management?

MAJOR

MODERATE

Is the water getting polluted due to


activities around the site?

MINOR

PROVISION OF DUST BINS

PROVISION OF DUST BINS

Are there any measures for irrigation


of the landscaping area?

Is there any bore well on site?

Are there any water storage


infrastructure on site?

Are there any seasonal water bodies?

Any eco-system formed due to it?

WATER ENVIRONMENT

MAGNITUDE
SIGNIFICANCE

GROUND
WATER

ACTIVITY

0
0
-6
CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITIES
7
0
VISITOR ACTIVITIES
0
-4
COMMERCIAL ACTIVITIES
5
WATER USAGE FOR
0
LANDSCAPE
0
0
WASTE DISPOSAL
0
0
FAUNA
0
0
CULTURAL ACTIVITIES
0
0
MUSEUM
0
0
TEMPLE
0

AQUATIC
ECOSYSTEM

WATER USAGE

MATRICES

SEASONAL
WASTE WATER WATER BODIES

-5
0

-5

-2
4

-5
7

-3

5
0
0
0
5
0
0
-3
5
0
0
-1
2

18
-4

4
-4

0
-14

-2

0
5

20
0

-6

-3

3
-18

-2

15
-3

-8

-5

16
-12

-3

33
-11

-1

-6

14
-27

-1

-1

-4

10
5

-5

-1

-6

-3
5

-6

-6

ANNUAL WATER
BODIES

8
-8

13

WATER ENVIRONMENT
THERE ARE SEASONAL AS WELL AS ANNUAL WATER BODIES IN THE PARVATI TALJAI AREA.
CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITIES CAUSE SOIL EROSION .THIS SOIL SETTLES IN THE NEARBY
WATER BODIES INCREASING ITS TURBIDITY.
CONSTRUCTION ON HILLS MEANS CUTTING INTO THE HILL FOR BUILDING FOUNDATIONS. THIS
SETS OFF A CHAIN REACTION DEVELOPING CRACKS IN THE ROCK STRATA. THIS LEADS
TO A WEAKENING OF THE HILLS BECAUSE THE MICROSCOPIC CRACK ALLOW WATER AND AIR
TO PENETRATE. THE HEATING AND COOLING OF WATER AND AIR LEADS TO WIDENING OF
CRACKS AND SPEEDS UP DECAY OF ROCK CONVERTING IT INTO SOIL.

THE SLUM ENCROACHMENT IN PARVATI HAS CAUSED SIGNIFICANT IMPACTS ON THE WATER
QUALITY OF THE WATER CANAL IN THE FOOTHILLS DUE TO SEWAGE EFFLUENTS.
WASTE DISPOSAL HAS CAUSED SIGNIFICANT IMPACT ON THE WATER QUALITY OF BOTH
ANNUAL AND SEASONAL WATER BODIES.
RELIGIOUS ACTIVITIES USE WATER FOR RITUALS AND SIMULTANEOUSLY CAUSE ITS
POLLUTION.
VISITOR ACTIVITIES TOO ALTHOUGH MINORLY BUT AFFECT THE QUALITY OF SURFACE
WATER BY IMPROPER WASTE DISPOSAL.
INFERENCES:
MAJOR IMPACT ON WATER ENVIRONMENT IS DUE TO CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITIES AND WASTE
DISPOSAL.
MITIGATION:
CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITIES NEED TO BE MANAGED APPROPRIATELY FOR REDUCTION OF SOIL
EROSION.SOLID WASTE DISPOSAL MANAGEMENT

AIR POLLUTION

Questionnaire

YES

NO

IMPACT

MINOR

MODERATE

MAJOR

MITIGATION

Air pollution due to vehicles ?

REDUCES AIR QUALITY

LIMITATION IN NO. OF
VEHICLES/ AFFORESTATION
TO IMPROVE AIR QUALITY

Air pollution due to use of


equipements ?

REDUCES AIR QUALITY

LIMITATION IN NO. OF
VEHICLES/ AFFORESTATION
TO IMPROVE AIR QUALITY

SCOPE FOR RESPIRATORY


DISEASES

REDUCES AIR QUALITY

REDUCES AIR QUALITY

AFFECTS FAUNA

LAWS REGARDING NOISE


LEVELS AROUND THE PARK

AFFECTS FAUNA

LAWS REGARDING NOISE


LEVELS AROUND THE PARK

Air pollution due to pollen ?

Air pollution due to social acitivities

Air pollution due to commercial


activities?

Is there any noise pollution due to


vehiculare traffic?

Is there any noise pollution due to


social/cultural activities?

AIR ENVIRONMENT

MAGNITUDE
SIGNIFICANCE

ACTIVITY
SLUM ACTIVITIES
CONSTRUCTION
ACTIVITIES
VISITOR ACTIVITIES
COMMERCIAL
ACTIVITIES
GUARDS STAYING ON
SITE
WASTE DISPOSAL
CULTURAL ACTIVITIES

INCREASE IN
POLLUTION
PARTICLES
-6
8
-5

-4
5
-6

-5
-4

-6
-6

8
8

-1

-1
-5

MATRICES

-2

1
6

0
0
0

6
3

-3

0
-6
8

-3

FLORA (POLLEN)

TEMPLE

-5
8

MUSEUM

RESPIRATORY
DISEASES
-7
9

INCREASE IN
GREEN HOUSE INCREASE IN
GASES
TEMPERATURE
-6
-4
8
5

0
-7
9

-4
-4

-4
6

-2

-2
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

-23
30
-17
-14

-1
1

25
-10

-3

-17

13
21

-4
2

0
0
0
0
0
0

18

-18
5

-4

24

3
0
0
0
-13

0
17

NOISE POLLUTION

MAGNITUDE

ACTIVITY
SLUM ACTIVITIES
CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITIES
VISITOR ACTIVITIES
COMMERCIAL ACTIVITIES
GUARDS STAYING ON SITE
CULTURAL ACTIVITIES
MUSEUM
TEMPLE
FAUNA

MATRICES

INCREASE IN
IDEAL DECIBEL
LEVEL
-3
2
-7
8
-6
7
-4
5
-1
2
-7
8
-1
2
-4
3
-3
4

HEARING
DISABILITY
0
0
-1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

-3
2
-8
9
-6
7
-4
5
-1
2
-7
8
-1
2
-4
3
-3
4

SIGNIFICANCE

FLORA FAUNA IMPACT


Questionnaire

YES

NO

IMPACT

IMAGE

MINOR

MODERATE

MAJOR

Is there any endemic species in the park?

REDUCES NUTRIENT QUALITY

Is there any effect of the land/water


pollution on the fauna?

REDUCE LAND AND WATER


POLLUTION THROUGH
EFFECTIVE WASTE MANAGEMENT

AFFECTS HEALTH. MAY CAUSE HARM


TO LIFE

AFFECTS BEHAVIOURAL ASPECTS

LAWS REGARDING NOISE LEVELS


AROUND THE PARK

CAUSES DISTURBANCE IN THE


BEHAVIOURAL ASPECTS OF FAUNA

EMPLOYMENT OF SECURITY
PERSSONEL

CAUSES DISTURBANCE IN THE


BEHAVIOURAL ASPECTS OF FAUNA

INCREASE IN AWARENESS ABOUT


BIODIVERSITY.INCREASE IN THEIR
SECURITY.

ADDS TO THE BIODIVERSITY

AFFECTS EATING PATTERNS.AFFECTS


BEHAVIOURAL IMPACTS LIKE MATING
CALLS

EMPLOYMENT OF SECURITY
PERSSONEL

AFFECTS NATIVE FLORA AND FAUNA

APPROPRIATE FENCING

AFFECTS THE NUTRIENT QUALITY OF


NATIVE FLORA.CAUSE HEALTH
PROBLEMS AND THREAT TO LIFE OF
NATIVE FAUNA

APPROPRIATE FENCING

Impact of noise on the fauna?

Is there any impact of nuisance caused by


the tourist on the fauna?
Is there any impact of the lifestyle habits of
the locals?

Is there any effort taken by forest


authorities?

Any Migratory birds?

AWARENESS REGARDING
ENDEMIC SPECIES
REDUCE LAND AND WATER
POLLUTION THROUGH
EFFECTIVE WASTE MANAGEMENT

Is there any effect of the soil/ water


polltuion on the plants and trees?
Any endangered or rare species of
animal/bird?

MITIGATION

Is there any impact of humans on


behavioural aspects of birds/animals?

Is there any introduction of exotic species?

Is there any impact of exotic species on the


native species?

FLORA

MAGNITUDE
SIGNIFICANCE

PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY
DAMAGE
-1
EXOTIC FLORA
1
-3
EXOTIC FAUNA
4
-7
VISITOR ACTIVITIES
8
-8
COMMERCIAL ACTIVITIES
9
-4
WASTE DISPOSAL
6
-5
CULTURAL ACTIVITIES
7
0
MUSEUM
0
-3
TEMPLE
5
-7
SLUM DWELLERS
8
-5
LOCALS
5

MATRICES

NUTRIENT
DEFICIENCY
-3
5
3
5
-2
3
-2
3
-3
3
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

DISFUNCTION
IN GROWTH
PROCESSES
-3
5
0
0
-3
4
0
0
-4
5
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

ENDEMIC
SPECIES
-4
4
0
0
0
0
0
0
-2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

HARM TO LIFE
-7
8
0
0
-3
4
-1
2
-4
3
5
-2
4
0
0
-2
4
-7
8
-5
5

-18
23
0
9
-15
19
-11
14
-17
22
-7
13
0
0
-5
9
-14
16
-10
10

FAUNA

MAGNITUDE
SIGNIFICANCE

PHYSICAL MIGRATORY BEHAVIOURA HARM TO


DAMAGE BIRDS
L ASPECTS LIFE

ACTIVITY
EXOTIC FLORA
EXOTIC FAUNA
VISITOR ACTIVITIES
COMMERCIAL
ACTIVITIES
WASTE DISPOSAL
CULTURAL ACTIVITIES
MUSEUM

0
0
-6
8
-6
8
-5
6
-4
5
0
0

0
MATRICES
0

-4
5
-3
4
-6
8
-8
9
-3
3
-6
8
0
0

-4
3
-2
4
-6
8
-6
8
0
0
-6
8
0
0

0
0
-6
8
-6
8
-6
7
-2
7
0
0
0
0

-8
8
-17
24
-24
32
-25
28
-9
15
-12
16
0
0

FINAL MATRICES OF ENVIORNMENT


MAGNITUDE
SIGNIFICANCE

LAND
-17
IMPACTS ON LAND

66
-87

IMAPCTS ON WATER

MATRICES

140
-116

INTRODUCTION
IN THE RECENT YEARS THESE HILLS ARE UNDER THREATS. SLUM
AREAS AROUND THE PARVATI HILL INCREASING DAY BY DAY. NOW
THE HILL IS TOTALLY SURROUNDED BY SLUM. ILLEGAL TREE
CUTTING, LIQUOR CONSUMPTION, OBSCENE ACTS BY COUPLES
AND ENCROACHMENT OF LAND ON THE TALJAI HILL ARE ALSO
THREATENING PROBLEMS.
These are the activities which have
a social impact on Taljai and
Parvarti hills.

TRANSPOR
T

TOURIS MUSEUM
M

TEMPLE SLUM
DWELLERS

TRAINNING
PROGRAMME

CULTURAL
RECREATIONAL
BIO-DIVERSITY
ACTIVITIES
ACTIVITY
PARK
IN THIS CASE PEOPLE HAVE STRONG ATTACHMENT WITH THE PARVATITALJAI HILLS. WITH THIS ATTACHMENT, IDENTITY AND DEPENDENCY PEOPLE
ARE WELL AWARE ABOUT THE PROBLEMS AND READY TO CONTRIBUTE FOR
THE PRESERVATION OF THE SITES.

SOCIAL IMPACT

SOCIAL

ACTIVITY

HEALTH
-6
TRANSPORT
5
0
TOURISM
0
9
BIODIVERSITY PARK
10
0
MUSEUM
0
0
TEMPLE
0
2
CULTURAL ACTIVITIES
2
-5
SLUM DWELLERS
6
RECREATIONAL
5
ACTIVITY
6
0
TRAINING PROGRAME
0

MATRICES

LIFESTYLE
7
6
7
8
7
7
1
1
1
1
4
4
-3
4
7
8
2
3

ECONOMY
8
8
8
8
7
8
8
8
2
3
2
3
0
0
2
3
4
4

AWARENESS
0
0
7
8
6
8
7
5
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
6
8

SOCIAL

MAGNITUDE
SIGNIFICANCE

ACTIVITY

POLITICAL
0
TRANSPORT
0
3
TOURISM
5
0
BIODIVERSITY PARK
0
0
MUSEUM
0
0
TEMPLE
0
3
CULTURAL ACTIVITIES
5
0
SLUM DWELLERS
0
RECREATIONAL
0
ACTIVITY
0

MATRICES

INDUSTRIAL
-4
3
5
5
2
3
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

EMPLOYMENT
7
8
8
9
6
6
4
4
TOTAL
1
1
4
5
0
0
0
0

`12
30
36
43
28
44
20

13718
4
207
5
15
19
-8
10
16
17

What is your name?


what is your age?
Where do you stay?
How do you help in maintaining this temple

Sachin
40
Nearby
Volunteering

Manisha Gupta
35
Nearby
No

Jaiswal Singh
42
Nearby
No

Gargi Tambe
45
Nearby
Asking for alms

Shalan
40
Nearby
No

Arjun Karande
38
Nearby
No

Surendra
21
Nearby
No

Social worker

Tea and Snacks

Tea, Snacks,
Fresh

Tea, Snacks

Vegetable

Dry fruit

Fruits and

Vendor

Vendor

vendor

vegetable

and the biodiversity park?


What is your profession?

stall owner

Coconut Water

Anna Thorat
N. A.
16 to 17 years
No peak hours

stall owner
Anna Thorat
N. A.
30 to 35 years
No peak hours

Anna Thorat
N.A.
16 to 17 years
No peak hours

Anna Thorat
N. A.
8-10 years
No peak hours

Anna Thorat
N. A.
2-3 years
No peak hours

juice vendor
Anna Thorat
N. A.
2-3 years
No peak hours

Barricade provision
Every Purnima

Every Purnima

Every Purnima

Every Purnima

No idea

No idea

No idea

5 days after that

5 days after that

5 days after that 5 days after that

What are the peak hours during the day?

6 am to 11 am

6 am to 11 am

6 am to 11 am

6 am to 11 am

6 am to 11 am

6 am to 11 am

6 am to 11 am

The utilization of biodiversity park?


Who maintains the biodiversity park?
Landuse use Pattern?

6 pm to 8 pm
Jogger's Park
PMC
No Construction

6 pm to 8 pm
Jogger's Park
PMC
No idea

6 pm to 8 pm
Jogger's Park
PMC
No idea

6 pm to 8 pm
Jogger's Park
No idea
No idea

6 pm to 8 pm
Jogger's Park
No idea
No idea

Jogger's Park
No idea
No idea

Jogger's Park
No idea
No idea

Do you get help from any other NGO?

Nor agriculture
No

No Idea

No idea

No idea
No idea

No idea
No idea

No idea
No idea

No idea
No idea

Do you use any material from the biodiversity


park?
Is there any fine imposed by PMC on spoiling

No
No

No
No

No
No

No
No

No
No

No
No

No
No

Who maintains the temple and its premises?


Is the management paying you well off?
How long have you been doing this work?
What is the management arrange ment for

Anna Thorat
Yes
1 to 2 years
Manageable crowd
in the temple

handling crowd in peak hours?


What is the peak season for this temple?

the biodiversity park?


QUESTIONAIREECONOMICAL ASPECT ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESS

ECONOMICAL IMPACT

LEOPOLD & CHECKLIST METHOD OF ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSME

From the environmental impact assessment done for the Parvati and Talzai, done by the Checklist
and Leopold method, the impact of human intervention on the land and water can be understood
on an urban scale. The magnitude and significance of the impact on the environment is clearly
indicated. The Land environment is mainly affected due to the commercial activities like
construction, buying and selling of the commodities, religious activities, etc.
The reason that Parvati is less polluted is that the access to the top of the hill is defined. Yes we
have to climb 103 steps to pollute it. Though in every month of Shraavan, Maha Shivratri festival
and weekends, Parvati does get polluted.
Talzai is more prone to the pollution because one can go right upto the top on a vehicle. The Pune
Municipal Corporation has prohibited any construction or agricultural activities here, due to the
presence of the biodiversity park. Also, for all the vegetable, fruit and other vendors, they have
been given the stalls on rent basis. Had it been given on ownership Basis, the scenario would be
different. Vendors have to throw the waste generated in the Biogas plant provided by the PMC at
the foot of Talzai. Due to the biodiversity park, there are people coming in the early hours of the
day and in the evenings for walking, trekking and jogging which is the main cause for pollution.
Due to the presence of Talzai Mata temple, every Purnima and 5 days after that the peak season
for the temple starts. And
Hence the quantum of pollution is more in Talzai.

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT
STATEMENT