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As a noun, judge refers to a person authorized to make
decisions. A judge is a court officer authorized to decide legal
cases. A judge presiding over a case may initiate investigations
on related matters, but generally judges do not have the power
to conduct investigations for other branches or agencies of
government.1 In other words, it is understood that judges are
public officers chosen or elected to preside over (govern or
control) and to administer the law in a court of justice. They
control the proceedings in a courtroom and decide questions of
law or discretion. Also, judges make a decision after examining
all the factual evidence presented, or form an opinion after
evaluating the facts and applying the law.

The Prophet said, "There are three
classes of judges, one of whom will be in
the Garden and the other two in the Fire.
The one who will be in the Garden is a
man who knew the truth and judged
accordingly. The one who knew the truth
but misjudged and the one who judged
for the people in ignorance will be in the

Qualifications of the judge in Islam
1. Being a conscientious person who is
self -determined to serve justice
Surely Allah commands you to render
back trusts to their owners and that when
you judge between people you judge with
justice (The Quran, 4: 58)
2. Knowledgeable and skilled

Ethics of a Judge
1. To judge with justice
i. To do ones best to reach a just decision
ii. To base the decision on the evidence available
iii. Self satisfaction that this is the right decision

2. To administer justice without fear and

3. He must be patient and lenient
The Prophet said, "No one should judge
between two persons when he is angry"