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HISTORY AND DEVELOPMENT OF

DISCIPLINE ENGINEERING INDUSTRY

INTRODUCTION

In the future Industrial Engineering will be one and the many professions will be taken
into account in solving complex problems in the world with this high level of
technology.
Designing the plant in the future, constitute a challenge as well as complex issues that
require basic science, engineering sciences, social sciences, computer and information
science, economics and other topics related to the basic principles of the production
system.

The need for graduates in Industrial Engineering is huge and growing every year. In
fact, this time will need a graduate of Industrial Engineering is much larger than the
existing supply. Compared with other engineering disciplines, this imbalance is greatest
in the disciplines of Industrial Engineering.

INITIAL DEVELOPMENT OF DISCIPLINE


ENGINEERING INDUSTRY

The need for graduates in Industrial Engineering is huge and growing every
year. In fact, this time will need a graduate of Industrial Engineering is much
larger than the existing supply. Compared with other engineering disciplines,
this imbalance is greatest in the disciplines of Industrial Engineering.

We often think that the successes, such as the Pyramids, the Great Wall of
China, the Roman buildings, and others as an example of the success of
engineering science in the past. Each example above is one of the stunning
results and the application of science. But often the successes of other less
recognized. The incline, arc, wheels, nails, windmill, display the efforts of
techniques to provide a better life.

Engineering (engineering) and science (science) has been developed in


parallel, complementary, although not always in the same street. Science
focuses on developing basic science, while engineering is focused on the
application / application of knowledge (science) to find solutions for the
problems that exist, as well as efforts to establish "a better life".

We often think that the successes, such as the Pyramids, the Great Wall of
China, the Roman buildings, and others as an example of the success of
engineering science in the past. Each example above is one of the stunning
results and the application of science. But often the successes of other less
recognized. The incline, arc, wheels, nails, windmill, display the efforts of
techniques to provide a better life.

THE PERIOD MODERN

Discipline modem era Technicality / Engineering started in 1750, we chose


the year 1750 as the beginning of the modem era for:
1. The first engineering school located at
France in the 18th century.
2. The term was first Civil Engineering
used a tender in 1750.

Typically, the field's job is regarded as a profession are pharmacists, teachers,


architectural, legal experts, ministers and technical experts.
According to Smith that field have four common characteristics, namely:
1.Profesi always correspond to one type of special science.
2.Persiapan for a profession is training or training for a certain period of time
after receiving a formal education.

PROCESS ENGINEERING (ENGINEERING)

We already know some of the branches and engineering sciences, and we


already have the knowledge of what is done by an engineer / technician. For
example, the mechanical engineering will always strive to develop the design
of automotive engines and electrical engineering will always strive to develop
the design of better television.

Is there a characteristic that can distinguish those techniques with other


professionals. If yes, what are its characteristics. Activity-general aktivifas
which is part of the technique are:
1. Those problem-solving techniques, as well as with the math.
2. One technique to analyze, as well as the statistical and economic.
3. Engineer designing the system, if the others as well?

HISTORY OF DISCIPLINE ENGINEERING INDUSTRY

1832 Charles Babbage :

1.publishing his book "On the Economy of Machinery and Manufactures"


2. Started the development of a scientific approach to management studies 3.Menakankan importance of the division of
labor in the elements of specialized and their work balance

1881 Frederick W. Taylor :

1.He began his studies on the measurement of working time (time study).
2. Introducing "The Principles of Scientific Management" in the study of 3.procedures and work measurement (1911).
Introduce a system of incentives based on time studies.

1907 Henry L. Gantt :

1.Develop a system of labor remuneration and bonuses.


2. Introducing map Gantt (bar chart) as a planning tool and controller work.

1909 Frank B. Gilberth :

1. Publish papers of being famous "Bricklaying System" which is the beginning of a study on labor movement (motion study).

2. Introducing economic principles of motion (motion economy).


3.Together with his wife Lilian Gilberth further incorporating elements of human behavior in the study of labor /
management and publishing "Applied Motion Study"

1913 Dr. Lilian Gilberth :

1.raised the issue of social and human relations in engineering.

2.She is best known as the first woman and the first ambassador in engineering
awards from professional organizations and governments from around the world.

and science management received many

PROFESSIONAL LICENSE

How would you feel if treated by a doctor who has never been tested and
recognized by your state licensing agency? How would you feel if represented
by an attorney who has not been tested for their ability?
License professionalism to a licensed professional engineer is not as
restrictive as in law and medicine. This is because most of the engineers
working on large companies, while doctors and lawyers usually work alone. All
countries have provided a place to give a license to the engineerengineernya, but this does not apply to the engineer who practiced alone,
except in certain circumstances, such as for example as a consultant.

DISCIPLINE ENGINEERING INDUSTRY


ORGANIZATION

1910 - The American Society of Mechanical Engineer

1912 - Management Science

1916 - Taylor Society

1920 - The Society of Industrial Engineer

1922 - The American Management Assosiation

1936 - Taylor Society and Society of Industrial Engineerin


dikombinasikan membentuk "The Society for Advacement of
Management

1948 - The American Institute of Industrial Engineering" (AIIE)

1981 - Institute ini mengubah namanya dari AIIE menjadi IIE.

DEFINITION OF INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING


The definition of industrial engineering by IIE is as follows:
Industrial Engineering is concerned with the design, improvment, and
installation of integrated systems of people, materials, information,
equipment, and energy. It draws upon specialized knowledge and skill in the
mathematical, physical, and social sciences together with the principles and
methods of engineering analysis and design to specify, predict, and evaluate
the results to be obtained from such systems.

Relationship Between Mechanical &


Industrial Systems With Other Disciplines