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MARRIAGE REQUIREMENTS

A) Capacity (lex domicile)


B) Procedures and formalities (lex loci celebrationis)
A) Capacity
1) Age of the parties
Section 10 of the LRA Min. age 18 years, unless for the female who has completed her 16th. year of age is allowed to get married provided that it is authorized
by a licence granted by the Chief Minister.
Cross refer to section 2 & 22 (2)
Non compliance void by virtue of section 69 (b).
Case: Inderjit Singh v. Jinder Pal [1975] 2 MLJ 259.

2) Consent
Parent / guatdian
Section 12. Those who below 21 year of age and a minor who is not previously married, must get a written consent from parents or guardians.
A) CAPACITY
B) PROCEDURES & FORMALITIES

2) Consent - i) parents / guardian


ii) parties
i) Parents / guardian
Section 12. Those who below 21 year of age and a
minor who is not previously married, must get a
written consent from the Chief Minister.
case: Re CHS [1997] 3 MLJ 152.

ii) Consent of parties


Both parties must consent to the marriage.
Def. of marriage in Hyde v Hyde obviously shows
that the marriage must be voluntarily entered into.
Section 22(6)
Section 70 ( c )
Section 37.

3) Kindred and affinity


Section 11 - parties are prohibited to marry if they are
within a prohibited relationship .
Special exception for the Hindus.
Non compliance the marriage will be void section
69(c).

4) Monogamous marriage avoidance of marriage by


prior subsisting and subsequent marriage.
Section 5, 6, 7 of the LRA & section 494 PC.
Non compliance the marriage will be void section
69(a)
Cases: PP v. Rajappan

Pong Teck Yin

5) Biologically male and female


Hyde v Hyde voluntary union of one man and one
woman
Must be from a different sex.
Non compliance marriage will be void section 69
(d).
Those who have underwent a sex-change operation
- Corbett v Corbet
- Lim Ying v Hiok Kian Ming Eric

Registration

Generally all marriages should be registered


Relevant sections:Part 1V Registration of marriages
Section 27- Registration
Section 25 Entry in marriage register
Section 31- Registration of foreign marriage
Section 33- Voluntary registration

Section 34 Legal effect of registration


Registration has no legal effect to the validity of the
marriage.
However, there are two views from the decided cases
pertaining to the validity of the customary marriages
which is not registered.

First view
The marriage is still valid even though it was not
registered.
Tan Sai Hong v. Joremi Kimin [1997] 5 CLJ 614
Chong Sin Sen v . Janaki a/p Chellamuthu [1997] 5 MLJ
411

Another case:
Leong Wee Shing v Chai Siew Yin [2000] 1 CLJ 439
Whether the Chinese customary marriage is void for nonregistration.
High Court held: The marriage is valid on the ground that
a Chinese customary marriage had taken place between the
parties & although it was not registered, s.34 of LRA 1976
had validated it.

CHAI SIEW YIN V LEONG WEE SHING [2004] 1 CLJ 752


( Appeal )
COA : Affirmed the High Courts judgement and dismissed
the appeal
Gopal Sri Ram JCA:
there is no provision in the Act that declares / renders
void any marriage contracted between non-Muslims in
accordance with the customary ceremonial rites of the
community to which they belong. On the contrary, s. 34
declares that a marriage is otherwise valid is not invalidated
merely because it has not been registered under the Act.
That is the intention of Parliament becomes clear when
regard is had to the marginal notes to s. 34 of the Act.

Second view
Marriage which was not registered under LRA 1976 is void
Cases:
T V. O [1994] 4 CLJ 593
The court referred to s. 22(4) of the LRA and decided that
since the parties fail to comply with the provision, the so
called marriage in 1998 was a non event / void anitio.

Yeoh v Chew [2001] 4 CLJ 631


Abdul Hamid Embong J:
..for the purpose of this Act, this customary rite alone,
however recognisable & acceptable is insufficient to clothe
it with legal validity for no matrimonial court will recognise
a tea ceremony per se performed after 1 March 1982, as
marriage. ..in my view, an invalid marriage by reason
of non-solemnization such as in this case cannot be
rendered valid merely because it was not registered. The
very solemnization of this marriage itself was in question as
it had not complied with s. 5(4) of the Act. It was a non
marriage from the start, for which this court could not exert
its jurisdiction

Landmark decision by Federal Court in the appeal case of Chai Siew


Yin V Leong Wee Shing (http://accessmylibrary.com/comsite5/bin),
Ruled that marriage solemnised under any law, custom, or religion not
registered subsequent to 1 March 1982 invalid.
The three panel comprising the Federal Judges i.e. Datuk Pajan Singh
Gill and datin paduka Rahmah Hussain and Court od Appeal judge
Datuk Richard Malanjum was unanimous in allowing the appeal and
ruled out tt the marriage, void.
According to Datuk Pajan section 34 should not be read in isolation
but in harmony with other provisions of the LRA which
encapsulated the overall intention of the legislature in enacting the
said Act.
He further held that to do otherwise would defeat the purpose and
the intention of the LRA which was enacted to provide for
monogamous marriages and solemnisation and registration of
such marriages