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Majority of the patients were within the 15-29

age groups
The mean age is 27 years old
The ratio of male to female is 14:1
Majority are workers/employees
Drugs are first introduced at age 15-19
Almost 70% cited friends as their major source
Most are mono-drug users (shabu)

A drug is a chemical substance


that brings about physical,
emotional or behavioral change
in a person taking it.
Is any substance other
than food or water that is
intended to be taken or
administered
for
the
purpose
of
altering,
sustaining or controlling
the recipients physical,
mental or emotional state.

1. Tablets
2. Capsules
3. Syrup/Liquid
4. Plant
5. Cigarette
6. Powder
7. Crystals
8. Paste/Ointments

INGESTION
INHALATION
INJECTION
Used as suppository or applied
topically

Most drugs are taken


orally. When a drug is
swallowed it goes to
the stomach, absorbed
by the small intestines
and into the blood for
circulation.

Inhaled drugs enter the


bloodstream through the
capillaries of the lungs.

When a drug is injected


into a vein it travels
directly to the heart and
circulate throughout the
system.

Is the use of any substance, licit or illicit, which


results in an individuals physical, mental,
emotional or social impairments.
It is the use or consumption without medical
authorization of medically useful drugs which
alter mood and behavior.
It is the use of drugs and substance for a
purpose different from the one for which it has
been prescribed.

Scientific Name:
Methamphetamine Hydrochloride
Street / Slang Names:
Poor Mans Cocaine, Meth, Ice,
Speed, Shabs, S, Shasha, Ubas,
Bato, Tobats, Batak, Siopao,
Splash, Items, Basura, Anay etc.

Scientific Name:
Cannabis Sativa L. (Plants)
Tetrahydrocannabinol
(Process)
Street / Slang Names
Mary Jane , MJ, Flower,
Doobie, Pampapogi,
Brownies, Damo, Omads,
Pot, Tea, Joint, Dope, Jutes,
Chongki, Weed, Ganja,
Hushies, etc.

Scientific
Scientific Name:
Name:
3-4
3-4 MethyleneDioxyMethAmphetamine
MethyleneDioxyMethAmphetamine
or
or MDMA
MDMA
Street
Street // Slang
Slang Names
Names
Designers
Designers Drug,
Drug, X,
X, XTC,
XTC, Rave,
Rave, E,
E, Eckie,
Eckie,
Love
Love Drug,
Drug, Flying
Flying Saucer,
Saucer, LBD
LBD or
or
Libido,
Libido, Jagged
Jagged Little
Little Pill,
Pill, Adam,
Adam, Eve,
Eve,
Artist
Artist Drug,
Drug, Hug
Hug Drug,
Drug, MDA,
MDA, MDEA,
MDEA,
Love
Love Doves,
Doves, Disco
Disco Biscuit,
Biscuit, etc.
etc.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

INHALANTS
NARCOTICS
STIMULANTS
DEPRESSANTS
HALLUCINOGENS

Volatile chemical substances that contain


psycho-active (mind/mood altering) vapors to
produce a state of intoxication.
Ex: Glue and Adhesive Cement / Rugby / Super
Glue / Thinner

Any liquid, solid or mixed substances having


the property of releasing toxic vapors or fumes
containing one or more of the following
chemical compounds:
Methanol, ethanol, iso-propanol, ethyl acetate,
etc.

Sudden death, presumably


from cardiac arrest.
Suffocation & Asphyxia
Visual hallucinations and
severe mood swings
Confusion/Disorientation
Distorted perception of time
and distance
Slurred Speech
Nausea & Vomiting
Aggressive
behavior/violence

Decrease of loss of sense


of smell
Loss of memory
Hepatitis
Muscle cramps &
weakness
Irregular heartbeat
Liver, lung, and kidney
impairment
Nervous system damage
Dangerous chemical
imbalances in the body
Involuntary passing of urine
and feces

The term narcotic, derived from the Greek word


for stupor, originally referred to a variety of
substances that induced sleep.
Also called OPIATES, which is medically used
to relieve pain.
When abused it causes insensibility, stupor,
and dullness of mind with delusions.
(Ex: Cough syrups, Opium, Morphine, Heroine)

Restlessness
Nausea & vomiting
For every large dosage;
cannot be awakened;
Smaller Pupils
Cold, moist and bluish skin
Slowed down breathing
Death

Uneasiness
Diarrhea
Abdominal cramps
Chills
Sweating
Nausea
Runny nose and eyes

(also known as uppers)


Any of a group of drugs that excite the central
nervous system, in which increase alertness,
alleviate fatigue, reduce hunger and provide a
feeling of well being.
(Ex. Cocaine / Amphetamine i.e. SHABU)

Dilated pupils
Increase in blood
pressure / Heart rate /
Breathing rate / Body
Temperature
Involuntary muscle
twitching
A sense of well being
Feels energetic/alert
Less hunger
Slurred speech

also called as downers or barbs


any drug or chemical that decreases the
activity of any bodily function. The term most
often is used to refer to drugs that reduce the
activity of the central nervous system
(Ex: Sedatives / Sleeping Pills / Tranquilizers)

Small doses: calmness and


relaxation
Large doses: slurred speech,
staggering, poor judgment,
slow body movements &
uncertain reflexes.
Overdose:
unconsciousness/DEATH

Psychosis
Restlessness
Irritability/anxiety
Sleeplessness
Stuffy or running nose
Ulcerated mucous
membrane of nose
Lung damage
Confusion
Slurred speech

(also called psychedelics)


First developed as appetite suppressant
any one of a large number of natural or
synthetic psychoactive drugs that produce
marked distortions of the senses and changes
in perception. Drugs capable of provoking
changes in sensation, thinking, self-awareness
and emotion. Alteration of time and space
perception and hallucination.
(Ex: MJ / LSD / Ecstasy / Ketamine)

Hallucinations/illusions
Faster heart beat and pulse rate
Bloodshot Eye/blurred
vision/Rapid Eye Movement
(REM)
Dry mouth and throat
Forgetfulness/inability to think
Altered sense of time/
disorientation
Impaired reflexes coordination
and concentration
Acute panic anxiety reaction
Appetite loss & sleeping
problems (MDMA)
Food-trip & sleepiness (MJ)

Psychiatric consequences
Severe irritation of the nasal
passages that they may
become prone to frequent
nose bleed
Renal damage heart disease
and strokes
Injecting MDMA from
contaminated needles may
lead to risk of infections
resulting in inflammation of
the blood vessels, infection of
the heart valves, blood
poisoning and AIDS all of
which can lead to death.

THE
THE EFFECT
EFFECT OF
OF DRUGS
DRUGS TO
TO

HUMAN
HUMAN BRAIN
BRAIN

Normal
Brain

Affected
Brain

Cross-Section of a Drug Affected Human Brain

Ecstasy
Users

slides,

Birth Defect called


Acro Syndactily

Defect caused by smoking


Marijuana

Defect caused by smoking


Marijuana

Parents who are heavy


users of LSD and
Marijuana are likely
to produce children
with Hydrocephalus
(Big, Watery Head)

Family Problems

Lack of Parental Guidance

Peer Pressure/Curiosity

Boredom, Frustration

Weak Personality, Desire


to Escape From Reality

Before

After

Change from normal


capabilities (work habits,
efficiency, etc.)

Change in attendance at
work or school

Stealing items which can be readily sold for cash


(to support a drug habit)

Association with known drug abusers

Before

After

Changes in Mood depending on the drug taken.


Example: depressed or becoming elated and euphoric.

Before

After

Injection Marks of an
Addict

Unusual effort made to cover arms


in order to hide needle marks

Wearing sunglasses constantly at inappropriate


times (for instance, indoors or at night) or only
to hide dilated or constricted pupils but also to
compensate for the eyes inability to adjust to
sunlight. Marijuana causes bloodshot eyes.

Poor physical appearance, including


inattention to dress and personal hygiene

How to
Spot a
Drug
User

General Signs
Wearing sunglasses at inappropriate times to hide dilated
or constricted pupils, or bloodshot eyes.
Found in odd / dark places like closets and storage.
Intoxication, drowsiness and drunkenness.
Aggressive behavior.
Lack of concentration.
Scars on arms and body.
Antisocial, very low morals.
Nasal secretion and watering eyes.
Extreme cheerfulness and exhilaration.
Extreme restlessness and irritability.

WHICH ONE