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Chapter-Three

Flues and Fire places

Brain storming
What is chimney ?
What is fire place ?
What is flue ?

Introduction

Fireplace-low space in a wall for fire: a recess,


usually with a mantelpiece above it, built into the wall
of a room as a place to light an open fire.
Flue-smoke or heat outlet: a shaft, tube, or pipe
used as an outlet to carry smoke, gas, or heat, e.g. from
a fireplace or furnace.
Creosote -chimney tar: a dark brown to black
flammable tar deposited inside a chimney flue when
wood, especially pine or other resinous wood, is burned.
Chimney-structure for venting gas or smoke: a
hollow vertical structure, usually made of brick or steel,
that allows gas, smoke, or steam from a fire or furnace
to escape into the atmosphere.

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Creosote is a
byproduct of
INCOMPLETE
combustion.
Adheres to
tile, unlined,
flexible
metal, and
joints in flue
liners

Chimney Fire
5

A chimney fire is the combustion of


residue deposits referred to as creosote on
the inner surfaces of chimney tiles, flue
liners, stove pipes, etc.

Chimney Fires:
6

Chimney fires can burn explosively - noisy and


dramatic enough to be detected by neighbors or
passersby. Flames or dense smoke may shoot from
the top of the chimney. Homeowners report being
startled by a low rumbling sound that reminds
them of a freight train or a low flying air plane.

Chimney Fire Hazards:


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Failure of the chimney to maintain its integrity,


and the spread of fire within adjoining partitions of
the structure. Make use of the Thermal Imaging
Camera (TIC) to check for any possible extension.
Additional hazards include the possible buildup of
toxic gases such as carbon monoxide (Co) within
the structure due to restricted flues. Always
Meter!!

Types of Stoves:
8

Standard Fire Place and Inserts

Internal Flue
Systems
Multi-level houses
will have separate
flus for every fire
place

Chimney Cleanouts:
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Cleanouts are located at the lower portion of the


chimney.
Maybe located outside.
Cleanouts can cause a fire hazard if not closed
and next to combustible materials.

Chimney Damper:
10

Chimney Dampers are designed to close


off the flue, preventing heat from escaping
when the fire place is not in-use.
Open Damper

Damaged Damper

Extinguishing a Chimney Fire


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Determine where fire is burning


Determine if the fire is contained to chimney
or flu
Wear Proper Access
PPE/SCBA
when operating near
to Chimney:
the Ground Ladders
chimney.
Aerial Trucks

Roof Operations:
12

Burning creosote needs to be removed


from chimney and flue.
Stay upwind from the top of the chimney
Constant updraft carries particles out,
Never look directly into chimney! Use
mirrors to check progress.

Preventing Chimney Fires1


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Use seasoned woods only (dryness is more important than


hard wood versus soft wood considerations).
Build smaller, hotter fires that burn more completely and
produce less smoke.
Never burn cardboard boxes, wrapping paper, trash or
Christmas trees; these can spark a chimney fire.
Install stovepipe thermometers to help monitor flu
temperatures where wood stoves are in use, so you can adjust
burning practices as needed.
Have the chimney inspected and cleaned on a regular basis.

Material for chimney


construction

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Different Types of Chimneys:


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Different Types of Chimneys:


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