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BANGALORE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY

Department of Mechanical Engineering


Post Graduate Studies
INTERNSHIP
Carried out at: Hindustan Aeronautics Limited
Internal Guide
Mrs. N.L .SHANTHALA
Assistant Professor
Bangalore Institute of Technology
Bangalore-560004

External Guide
Mr. ABHIMAN
Manager
HAL- RWR&DC
Bangalore-560017

Department of Mechanical Engineering


Bangalore Institute of Technology Bangalore
M. Tech in MACHINE DESIGN
Batch-2014-2016

Mr. Pramod P
1BI14MMD07

Aug-Dec-15

BANGALORE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY


Department of Mechanical Engineering
Post Graduate Studies
Company Profile
Name

: Hindustan Aeronautics Limited

Founded: 1940 Hindustan Aircraft


1964 renamed as Hindustan Aeronautics
Headquarters : Bangalore, Karnataka India
Products

: Transport aircrafts
Fighter aircrafts
Helicopters

M. Tech in MACHINE DESIGN


Batch-2014-2016

Mr. Pramod P
1BI14MMD07

Aug-Dec-15

BANGALORE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY


Department of Mechanical Engineering
Post Graduate Studies
Rotary Wing Research and Design Centre - Stress Group
1Ensure component is light and yet strong and reliable

2Activities : Dimensioning , Material Selection , Optimization in final steps.


Test Lab and Ground test co-ordination.
Application of modern analytical tools to perform stress computations.

M. Tech in MACHINE DESIGN


Batch-2014-2016

Mr. Pramod P
1BI14MMD07

Aug-Dec-15

BANGALORE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY


Department of Mechanical Engineering
Post Graduate Studies
Basics of Nastran and Patran
1Nastran and Patran : Developed by United States of America
2Language used for Nastran : Fortran
3Some of the most common solution sequence codes are for structural analysis:
101 - Linear Static
103 - Modal
105 - Buckling
106 - Non-Linear Static

M. Tech in MACHINE DESIGN


Batch-2014-2016

Mr. Pramod P
1BI14MMD07

Aug-Dec-15

BANGALORE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY


Department of Mechanical Engineering
Post Graduate Studies
Linear Static Solution
1

Deflections should be small relative to structure.

2 Material should be linear elastic.


3 Boundary conditions should be constant

M. Tech in MACHINE DESIGN


Batch-2014-2016

Mr. Pramod P
1BI14MMD07

Aug-Dec-15

BANGALORE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY


Department of Mechanical Engineering
Post Graduate Studies
Non linear static solution
Geometric Nonlinearity :

Involve large displacements


geometric nonlinear analysis involves follower forces

The load is no longer vertical. It has followed the structure to its deformed state.

M. Tech in MACHINE DESIGN


Batch-2014-2016

Mr. Pramod P
1BI14MMD07

Aug-Dec-15

BANGALORE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY


Department of Mechanical Engineering
Post Graduate Studies
Material non linearity: Exhibits non-linear stress-strain relationship .
Examples: Metal Plasticity, rubbery materials, materials like soil and concrete etc.
Von Mises or Tresca (for metals) and Mohr-Coulomb or Drucker-Prager (for frictional
materials such as soils or concrete)

M. Tech in MACHINE DESIGN


Batch-2014-2016

Mr. Pramod P
1BI14MMD07

Aug-Dec-15

BANGALORE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY


Department of Mechanical Engineering
Post Graduate Studies
Elements of Nastran Patran Software
Point Element CMASS, CONM1
Spring Elements - CELAS2
Line Elements - CROD, CBAR, CBEAM
Surface elements CTRIA3, CQUAD4

Solid Elements CHEXA, CPENTA, CTETRA


Rigid Bar

M. Tech in MACHINE DESIGN


Batch-2014-2016

Mr. Pramod P
1BI14MMD07

Aug-Dec-15

BANGALORE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY


Department of Mechanical Engineering
Post Graduate Studies
Parameters which are defined in the Nast Patran software
Non Linear analysis - NLPARAM controls non linear analysis
Buckling analysis - EIGRL performs real Eigen value analysis
STATSUB forms differential stiffness for buckling analysis
Contact analysis BCONTACT performs contact analysis for solution 101
BCPARA performs contact analysis for solution 600

M. Tech in MACHINE DESIGN


Batch-2014-2016

Mr. Pramod P
1BI14MMD07

Aug-Dec-15

BANGALORE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY


Department of Mechanical Engineering
Post Graduate Studies
Case study of Tail Rotor Control System of Helicopter

Mainly used to counter the torque effect developed by main rotor system
A tail rotor develops extra thrust when the helicopter moves it into clean air.
M. Tech in MACHINE DESIGN
Batch-2014-2016

Mr. Pramod P
1BI14MMD07

Aug-Dec-15

BANGALORE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY


Department of Mechanical Engineering
Post Graduate Studies
The tail rotor system rotates airfoils, small wings called blades.
Blades are made of composite materials like carbon fiber composite.
Anti Torque pedals are used for pitch changing mechanism.

M. Tech in MACHINE DESIGN


Batch-2014-2016

Mr. Pramod P
1BI14MMD07

Aug-Dec-15

BANGALORE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY


Department of Mechanical Engineering
Post Graduate Studies
Pitch Changing Mechanism of Tail rotor blades

M. Tech in MACHINE DESIGN


Batch-2014-2016

Mr. Pramod P
1BI14MMD07

Aug-Dec-15

BANGALORE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY


Department of Mechanical Engineering
Post Graduate Studies
Conclusion
Understanding the FEM principles and its application on Strength of materials.
It can be concluded that the desired objectives have been met with regard to learning about
FEM and exposure to practical working environment.
This training will also helpful for the further Project work.

M. Tech in MACHINE DESIGN


Batch-2014-2016

Mr. Pramod P
1BI14MMD07

Aug-Dec-15

BANGALORE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY


Department of Mechanical Engineering
Post Graduate Studies

THANK YOU

M. Tech in MACHINE DESIGN


Batch-2014-2016

Mr. Pramod P
1BI14MMD07

Aug-Dec-15