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CARIES

EROSION

ABRASION

ATTRITION

HYPOPLASIA

DISCOLORATION

TRAUMA

WHY DO WE RESTORE
TEETH ?

To remove diseased tissue.

To restore:
The

function of the tooth.

The

appearance of the tooth.

The

integrity of tooth surface and

the arch.

OBJECTIVES

Diagnosis

Prevention

Interception

Preservation

Restoration

DIAGNOSIS

Proper diagnosis of defect, (including their


location and extent), is important for:
Treatment planning.
Design of the tooth preparation.
Selection
procedures.

of

restorative

materials

and

PREVENTION

Every step of operative procedure


should care about disease prevention.
e.g. the location of the margins of
tooth

preparation

and

the

shape

(contour) of the final restorations.

INTERCEPTION

This refers to preventing further


loss of tooth structure by stopping
an active disease process.

PRESERVATION

Preservation of the vitality and


anatomy

of

remaining

tooth

structure is of great importance.

RESTORATION

This may include restoration of


form,

function,

phonetics,

esthetics and occlusal stability.

DENTAL UNIT(CHAIR)

PARTS OF DENTAL UNIT


1. Head rest
2. Back seat

3. Seat
4. Arm Rest
5. Dental Light
6. Cuspidor unit
7. Doctors Tray

4
2

Head Rest
Can be moved forward, backward, up and down
Back Seat
Can be moved forward and backward
Seat
Can be moved up and down
Arm Rest
One/Two arms
The right arm can swing for patient

Dental Light

It can be adjustable to different heights .

Low, medium and high Halogen Lamp.

Bulb can be easily replaced.

Doctors tray

Moveable, can swing in/out, has tubes for


hand

pieces,

air/water

syringe,

include cotton holder, X-ray viewer.

may

CUSPIDOR UNIT

Air/water (3 way) syringe.


Saliva Ejector.
High Power suction.
Cup filler (Automatic and
manual).
Spittoon Bowl flush
(Automatic or manual).

DENTAL STOOL

Back rest for lumber support.

Can be adjusted at any height


by lever control.

Rotates freely 360 degrees.

Foot

supporting

adjustable height.

ring

with

PHANTOM HEAD

PHANTOM HEAD

Doesnt have the assistant side

Buttons to move up, down, forward and


backward

Bottle to be filled with


water for handpieces

Artificial set of teeth

It is important that patient and


operator are properly positioned.
PROPER POSITIONS IS A MUST

WHY ?

The patient who is in a comfortable position is


more relaxed, has less muscular tension, and is
more capable of cooperating with the dentist.

By using proper operating positions and good


posture, the operator experiences less physical
strain and fatigue and reduces the possibility of
developing musculoskeletal disorders.

This improves their efficiency of the dental team


and allow more efficient instrument exchange.