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SMK LUI BARAT (F)

Bandar Seri Jempol N.S.D.K


PERSIAPAN AKHIR MATAPELAJARAN
KIMIA SPM TAHUN 2010
Oleh : En. Shaik Abdul Rahim Bin Shaik Akbar
SMK Bandar Baru Serting (F)

PENGENALAN DIRI..
Nama : En. Shaik Abdul Rahim Bin Shaik Akbar
Pendidikan: Sarjana Muda Kejuruteraan Kimia Gas (Hons), UTM

Diploma Pendidikan (Hons), MPRM, Seremban


Perkhidmatan: 1. SM Saint Anthony Tenom, Sabah (2002-2005)

2. SMK Tambunan, Sabah (2006-2007)

3. SMK Bandar Baru Serting (F) (2008 Skrg)


Pengalaman Mengajar Kimia : 2002 Hingga Sekarang ( 9 Tahun)
Pengalaman Tambahan:1. Bekas Jurutera QC (Melaka)
2. Penggubal Soalan Kimia SPM Tahun 2003 bersama LPM ( Sabah)
3. Pentaksir Kawasan PEKA KIMIA (Sabah)
4. Penceramah ETEMS Kimia (Sabah)
5. Pengawas Peperiksaan SPM ( Tahun 2008 & 2009 )

Tambahan XXXXL
1. Mencatat Rekod Kebangsaan
(Rujuk Malaysia Book Of Records)
2. Mencatat Sejarah Untuk Jabatan
Kereta Api Sabah. (Rujuk Sabah Times)
3. Pernah Muncul dalam TV3 & RTM & Berita Harian & Sabah Times &
Daily Express, RTM Radio Sabah
4. Wartawan Sambilan Sabah Times
5. Pegawai Penjaga Belia BSMM Daerah Jempol (NGO)
6. Menerima Sijil Kepujian BSMM dari TYT Sabah (2006)
7. Tarik Tali Peringkat Kebangsaan ( 4 Tahun)
8. Bekas Pelajar Sastera (SMK Bahau )
9. Layari Blog Untuk Tambahan http:// shaiksar.blogspot.com

TOPIK PERBINCANGAN KITA


HARI INI ..

1. Flash Back Isi Kandungan Silibus Kimia


2. Tips Skor A Chemistry
3. Tips-tips Peperiksaan Matapelajaran Kimia Tahun 2010
4. Motivasi Diri

PANDANGAN MATAPELAJARAN KIMIA


DI KALANGAN PELAJAR
(Dapatan Data melalui Pengalaman)
TAHAP MINAT:MINAT : 40%
(Pelajar yang mempunyai matlamat berdasarkan pilihan kerjaya
pada masa akan datang)
TIDAK MINAT : 60%
( Pelajar yang tidak jelas masa hadapan dari segi karier kerjaya
dan kebanyakkan mereka adalah pemberi alasan yang baik)
TAHAP KESUKARAN:SENANG : 20%
(Pelajar yang menguasai dan melengkapkan diri sepenuhnya
dengan ilmu Kimia)
SUKAR: 80%
(Pelajar yang membuat persiapan ala kadar sahaja dan menipu
diri sendiri)

5 PERKARA YANG WAJIB


BAGI MENGUASAI MATAPELAJARAN KIMA

1. Pelajar Mesti Mencintai Matapelajaran Kimia


2. Pelajar Mesti Mencintai Cikgu Kimia
3. Pelajar Mesti Mempunyai Buku Rujukan atau Buku Nota
Lengkap
4. Pelajar Mesti Menghasilkan Nota Peribadi Sendiri
5. Pelajar Mesti Memiliki dan Membuat Soalan-Soalan
Kimia Yang Lepas ( 5 Tahun Kebelakangan)

UJI DIRI ????

Tuliskan tajuk kimia dari sukar kepada senang ..


(14 Chapter semuanya)

Flash Back Isi Kandungan Silibus Kimia

FORM 4
1. Introduction to Chemistry
2. The Structure of The
Atom
3. Chemical Formulae
and Equations
4. Periodic Table of
Elements
5. Chemical Bonds
6. Electrochemistry
7. Acids and Bases
8. Salts
9. Manufactured Substances
in industry

FORM 5
1. Rate of Reaction
2. Carbon Compounds
3. Oxidation And
Reduction
4. Thermochemistry
5. Chemicals for
Consumers

Flash Back Chapter FORM 4


(Perkara Yang perlu difokus)
Chapter 1 (Introduction to Chemistry)
1. Steps involved in scientific method (Inference, hypothesis, variables,
planning an experiment, collecting data, interpreting data)
2. General format report writing (Aim, hypothesis, variables, materials,
apparatus, procedure, collecting data, interpreting data, conclusion)
Chapter 2 (The Structure of The Atom)
1. Matter (Solid, liquid , Gas, Element, Compound, Atom, Molecule,
Ion)
2. The Kinetic Theory of Matter and the change of state of matter
3. Experiment Melting and Freezing points of naphthalene (Heating and
Cooling Graph)
4. Development of Atomic Models ( Dalton, JJ Thomson, Ernest
Rutherford, Neil's Bohr, James Chadwick)
5. Sub-atomic Particles ( Protons, Neutrons and Electrons)
6. Proton Number an Nucleon number
7. Isotopes (Meaning and important in daily life)
8. Electronic structure of an atom

Flash Back Chapter FORM 4


(Perkara Yang perlu difokus)
Chapter 3 (Chemical Formulae and Equations)
1. RAM/RMM ( Kaedah Mengira)
2. Relationship between Mole and Number of Particles (N A, Mole
and Mass (Molar Mass), Mole and Volume (Molar Volume
STP and Room Temperature)
3. Chemical Formula (Empirical Formula, Relationship Empirical
formula an Molecular formula, How to determining Empirical
formula, Form chemical formula based on cation and anion
table)
4. Chemical Equations (Balance equations and problem solving)
Chapter 4 (Periodic Table of Elements)
1. Histrorical development of the Periodic Table ( Antoine Lavoisier,
Johann W. Dobereiner, John Newlands, Lothar Meyer, Dmitri
Mendeleev and Henry J.G. Moseley)
2. Group 18, Group 1, Group 17, Elements n periods and transition
elements ( Study about Physical and Chemical properties and uses,
special physical properties)

Flash Back Chapter FORM 4


(Perkara Yang perlu difokus)
Chapter 5 (Chemical Bonds)
1. Formation of chemical bonds ( Ionic bonds and covalent bonds)
2. Ionic Bonds (Transferring electrons, formation of ionic bonds termasuk
gambar rajah struktur)
3. Covalent Bonds (Sharing Electrons, formation of covalent bonds termasuk
gambar rajah struktur, {single, double and triple covalent bond})
4. The properties of ionic and covalent compounds (Physical and uses)
Chapter 6 (Electrochemistry)
1. Electrolysis of molten condition ( Anode and Cathode, Half reaction and overall
reaction) Example : Electrolysis of Molten Lead(II) Bromide
2. Electrolysis of Aqueous (Anode and Cathode, Half reaction and overall reaction, Factor
effect the type f elements selectively discharged at the electrode { ES, Concentration,
Types of electrode})
3. Electrolysis in industries ( Extraction, Purification and electroplating of elementsAnode and Cathode, Half reaction and overall reaction)
4. Voltaic cells (Daniell cell {salt bridge or porous pot}, Dry Cell, advantages and
disadvantages of various voltaic cells)
5. Comparison between electrolysis cell and voltaic cell
6. Electrochemical series (Potential differents of different voltaic cells)

Flash Back Chapter FORM 4


(Perkara Yang perlu difokus)
Chapter 7 (Acids and Bases)
1. Acids, Bases and Alkalis (Meaning and Examples, Uses, Physical and Chemical
properties of acids and alkalis)
2. Strength of acids and alkalis ( pH scale using universal indicator and pH meter,
strong and weak acids and alkalis)
3. Concentrations of Acids and Alkalis ( Concentration {g/dm 3} and molarity
formula{mole/dm3}, relationship between concentration and molarity formula)
4. Neutralisation process ( Asid Base titration experment, Calculation involving
neutralisation {n=MV/1000, n=MV and MaVa/MbVb = a/b)
Chapter 8 (Salts)
1. Salts (What is salts, uses of salts, Soluble and insoluble salts
and preparation and purification of soluble and insoluble salts)
2. Constructing ionic equations (Solving problem involving
stoichiometric reactions)
3. Qualitative Analysis of salts (Way to identify cations and anions present in
salt by doing a series of chemical tests on a salt sample)
4.

Qualitative Analysis Methods ( Analysing is colour and physical appearance,

analysing its solubility, Analysing of gases released, Analysing action of heat,


Analysing chemical test { Anion and cation test})

Flash Back Chapter FORM 4


(Perkara Yang perlu difokus)
Chapter 9 (Manufactured subtances in industry)
1. Sulphuric Acid (uses, Manufacture {contact process})
2. Ammonia ( uses, physicals and chemical properties,
Manufacture { Haber process)
3. Alloys ( meaning, {composition, properties and uses of
alloys})
4. Synthetic Polymers (meaning of polymers and
polymerisation, natural polymer and synthetic polymers)
5. Glass and ceramics ( Meaning of glass ,{Composition,
properties and uses of various types of glasses Fused
Glass/Soda Lime Glass/ Borosilicate Glass and Lead Crystal
Glass}) / Ceramics (made, properties, uses and special
ceramics)
6. Composit Materials ( Meanng, Composit materials ,
components and uses { Reinforced
concrete/Superconductor/Optic Fiber and Photochromic})

Flash Back Chapter FORM 5


(Perkara Yang perlu difokus)
Chapter 1 (Rate of Reaction)
1. Meaning of rate of reaction (Amount reactant used up or
amount of product obtained / time taken)
2. Measuring Rate of Reaction ( {Volume of gas, Colour
analysing, Formation of precipitates}, Solving problems)
3. Factors affecting the rate of reaction ( Surface area,
Concentration of reactant, Pressure, Temperature of
reaction and catalyst)/ ( relationship between factor
affecting and rate of reaction experiment and their
conclusion)
4. Collision Theory ( Meaning, Effective collision, Activation
Energy and energy profile diagram {exothermic and
endothermic reaction})

Flash Back Chapter FORM 5


(Perkara Yang perlu difokus)
Chapter 2 (Carbon Compounds)
1. Carbon Compounds ( organic and inorganic compounds, Hydrocarbons {saturated
and unsaturated hydrocarbons}, Examples)
2. Alkanes ( General formula, naming alkanes, Molecular and structural formula,
physicals and chemicals properties {Substitution or halogenation and combustion
reactions)
3. Alkenes (General formula, naming alkenes, Molecular and structural formula,
physicals and chemicals properties {hydrogenation, halogenation and combustion
reactions)
4. Homologous series ( Characteristics of homologous series { members have same
general formula, members have same chemical properties, members prepared with
same method, physical properties gradually change with increased of carbon atoms.
5. Isomerism ( Meaning, Naming isomer)
6. Alcohols ( General formula, naming alcohols, isomerism in alcohols, hydration of
ethene and fermentation of sugar, physical and chemical properties {combustion,
oxidation and dehydration, uses and effect of alcohols)
7. Carboxylic Acids ( General formula, Naming, preparation f ethanoic acid, physical
and chemical properties of ethanoic acid {neutralisation, estrification reaction},
uses)
8. Esters ( General formula, naming, preparation of ethyl ethanoate, uses)
9. Fats ( Importance, sources and uses, Different between oils and fats, saturated and
unsaturated fats, conversion of unsaturated to saturated fats {hydrogenation
process}, effects on health, extraction of palm oil { sterilization, stripping,
digestion, pressing and purification}, advantages of palm oil, importance palm oil to
our country)
10.Natural rubber ( properties, uses, coagulations of latex , vulcanization of rubber,
properties of vulcanised and unvulcanised rubber)

Flash Back Chapter FORM 5


(Perkara Yang perlu difokus)
Chapter 3 (Oxidation and Reduction)
1. Redox reactions ( gain or loss of oxygen, gain or loss of hydrogen,
change in oxidation number, transfer of electrons { oxidizing and
reducing agent})
2. Types of redox reactions ( changing iron (II) {bromine water} to iron
(III) {zinc powder}and vice versa, Displacement of metals from
solution of their salts {ES}, Displacement of hydrogen {reactive
metals reac with water and less reactive metals react with steam to
give hydrogen gas}, Displacement of halogen { F 2>Cl2>Br2>I2 } and
transfer f electrons at a distance)
3. Rusting as a redox reaction (oxidation and reduction process,
preventing of rusting {painting, galvanization plating iron with
chromium}}
4. Reactivity series of metals and its application (reactivity of metals with
oxygen and hydrogen {kedudukan karbon ditentukan dengan
memanaskan karbon dengan oksida logam manakala kedudukan
hidrogen dengan alirkan gas hidrogen kering ke atas oksida logam
panas}
5. Extracting metals from their ores ( fahamkan proses pengestrakan besi
dan timah dari bijih)
6. Electrolytic and chemical cells ( oxidation, reduction and redox reaction
cara menulis persamaan setengah)

Flash Back Chapter FORM 5


(Perkara Yang perlu difokus)
Chapter 4 (Thermochemistry)
1. Chemical reaction (Exothermic and endothermic reaction, energy level
diagram, energy changes and formation of chemical bonds, application of
exothermic and endothermic reaction {hot pack and cold pack})
2. Heat of precipitation ( meaning, calculation, Problem solving)
3. Heat of displacement ( meaning, calculation, Problem solving)
4. Heat of neutralization ( meaning, calculation, Problem solving)
5. Heat of combustion ( meaning, calculation, Problem solving)

Chapter 5 (Chemical for consumers)


1.

Soap and Detergent ( meaning, saponification process, preparation of


soap and detergent, cleansing action of soaps and detergents, additives
in detergents, the effectiveness of soaps and detergens as cleansing
agents, tolong lihat beza antara soft water dan hard water)

2.

Food Additives ( Preservaties { meaning, exmples and uses},


Antioxidants { meaning, exmples and uses}, Flavouring Agents
{ meaning, exmples and uses}, Stabilizers and thickening
agents
{ meaning, exmples and uses}, and
Dyes { meaning, exmples and uses}, effect to human helth)

3.

Medicines ( Traditional and modern medicines and their uses


{Analgesics, Antibiotics and Psychotherapeutic drugs}, side effects of
medicines)

Scoring
Scoring 1A
1A in
in SPM
SPM Chemistry
Chemistry

(Kaji
(Kaji Soalan
Soalan Kertas
Kertas 1/Kertas
1/Kertas 2
2 dan
dan Kertas
Kertas 3)
3)

HOW to SCORED in SPM CHEMISTRY ????


You should start revising each and every
chapter in the syllabus now. How? Follow
these tips:
*
*
*
*

Master basic but important concepts


Memorize important facts and processes
Practice past-year SPM papers
Practice all trial papers

Master basic but important


concepts..

You must at least know how to write correct chemical


equation
Do simple calculation
Understand basic chemical concept likes Mole Concept.
Master all the calculations

Memorize important facts and


processes.

Memorize the colours of chemical substances


Understand the salt preparation process
Understand each concept and fact before you start
memorizing them

Practise past-year SPM papers.


Past-year SPM questions will repeat from time to time
because of the limited scope covered in SPM Chemistry
syllabus
Practice makes perfect
Try every question and learn from your mistakes
For essay questions, get the marking schema from your
teachers so that you can see how the marks are
allocated and which points or keywords deserve full
mark, etc.
Learning from the essay marking schemas is a highly
effective method!

Practise all trial papers..

After SPM trial examinations, try to get other states


SPM trial papers and practise them
Try Maktab Rendah Sains Mara (MRSM) SPM trial papers
too!
Sometimes, one or more exact or similarquestions will
come out in the actual SPM Chemistry paper.

Conclusion

You have to study and understand every chapter


carefully
You won get 1A if you have read only a few topics and
focus on o
Like it or not, read-understand-memorize all topics is the
only way to guarantee a 1A in SPM Chemistry. nly
certain chemical concepts

RAMALAN KIMIA TAHUN 2010

MOTIVASI

SEKIAN TERIMA KASIH..