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Parts of speech

Parts of speech are given as:


1- NOUN
2- PRONOUN
3- VERB
4-ADVERB
5- ADJECTIVE
6- PREPOSITION
7- CONJUNCTIONS
8- INTERJUNCTIONS.

NOUN:
DEFINATION:
A word that names a
person , a place , a thing or
idea
Example:
1- Shahid bought a book
from shop.
2- This is my room.

KINDS OF NOUN:
GIVEN AS:
1- PROPER NOUN.
2- COMON NOUN.
3- MATERIAL NOUN.
4- ABSTRACT NOUN.
5- COLLECTIVE NOUN.

PROPER NOUN:
A noun that denotes one
particular person or thing as
distint from every other
Example:
Saleem (person) , Africa
(place), Pakistan( country).

COMMON NOUN:
A noun that denotes a
general person or a
thing
Example
man , city , country ,
table , book.

COLLECTIVE NOUN:
A noun that denotes a
group , collection or a
multitude of similar things
considered as one complete
whole
Example:
jury , class , police , party.

MATERIAL NOUN:
A noun that denotes a
matter or substance of
which things are made
Example:
gold , cotton , wheat ,
silver, milk , water.

ABSTRACT NOUN:
A noun that denotes some
quality , state or action
Example:
Quality: cleverness , colour
State: manhood , youth,
poverty.
Action: laughter , movement.

PRONOUN:
DEFINATION:
A word that is used
instead of a noun
Example:
Ali is absent. Ali is ill.
Ali is absent. He is ill.

KINDS OF PRONOUNS:
GIVEN AS:
1- PERSONAL PRONOUN.
2- DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS.
3- RELATIVE PRONOUNS.
4- INTEROGATIVE PRONOUN
5- INDEFINITE PRONOUNS.
6- Distributive pronoun.
7- EMPHATIC PRONPUN.

PERSONAL PRONOUN:
The personal pronouns
are so called , because they
stand for three persons
First person: which denotes
the person speaking as: I ,
WE.

Second person: which


denotes the person
spoken to as: YOU.
Third person: which
denotes the person or
thing spoken of as: HE ,
SHE , IT , THEY.

There are of two kinds of personal


pronoun:
1- Possesive pronoun: MY ,MINE,
OURS , YOURS, THEIRES , HERS etc.
2-Reflexive pronoun: That refers to
the subject and neccesary to
complete the sentence
As: She enjoyed herself in the party.
similarly myself , ourselves ,
herself , yourself etc.

DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUN:
A pronoun that points out
a specific person , place or
thing.
Example:
this , that , these , thoes.
- This is my favourit book.
- That is the last of the cake.

RELATIVE PRONPOUN:
It is so called , because it
relates to some noun or pronoun
going before
Example:
- I met the professor who is my
neighbour.
- I met a man whose name I
donnt know.

Interrogative PRONOUN:
An interrogative pronoun is
one which ask the question
Example:
Who , What , Which , Whose,
Whom.
- Who is knocking at the door?
- Whom do you want to see?

ADJECTIVES:
DEFINATION:
A word that describes
us more about noun or
pronoun
Example:
- He is a brave man.
- He is very brave.

kinds of Adjectives:
1- Proper adjectives.
2- Adjective of quality.
3- Adjective of quantity.
4- Adjective of number.
5- Demonstrative adjectives.
6- Distributive adjectives.
7- Interogative adjectives.
8- Possesive adjectives.

Proper adjectives:
Adjectives which
describes a thing by some
proper noun
Example:
The language of English.
The city of Pakistan.

Adjective of Quality:
Adjective that show in
what state a thing is
Example:
A brave boy, A sick lion
,
A black horse.

Adjective of Quantity:
Adjective that shows how
much of a thing is meant
Example:
much , little , no , sufficient
, all, whole , half etc.

Adjective of Number:
Adjective that shows how
many things there are or in
what numerical order any of
them stands
Example:
One , two , three (cardinal )
First , second , third.

Demonstrative Adjectives:
Adjectives that shows
which or what thing is meant
Example:
This , that , these , thoes.
- This boy is stronger then
Heri
- These mangoes are sweet.

Distributive Adjectives:
Adjectives that show that
things are taken separately ,
or in separate lots
Example:
Every , each , either ,
niether.

Interrogative adjective:
Adjectives that are used with
nouns to ask questions
Example:
what , which , whose.
- what book is this? (what +
book)
- which way will you go? (which
+ way).

Possesive adjectives:
Adjectives that are
used with nouns to show
the possesion of a thing
Example:
My , our , your , their ,
its.

VERB:
DEFINATION:
A word that expresses
action or otherwise helps to
complete a statement
Example:
1- Sheri saw a snake which
was moving.
2- She is a brave girl.

KINDS OF VERB:
Given as:
1- Transitive verbs.
2- Intransitive verb.
3- Auxiliary verb.
4- linking verb.

Transitive Verb:
A verb that requirs one or
more objects in a sentence
Example:
she bought a book.
love , hate, eat , buy ,
drink , advise , sell

Intransitive verb:
An action verb that does
not have an direct object
Example:
We sleep.
Come , go , appear ,
laugh , weep.

Auxiliary verb:
A verb that adds functional or
Gramatical meaning to the clause
in which it appears
Example:
- I have finished my dinner.
- I am going.
- you are winner.
- She was weeping.

ADVERB:
DEFINATION:
A word that qualifies the
meaning of a verb , an
adjective or an other adverb
Example:
1- He walks slowly.
( in this example adverb
qualifing the meaning of verb)

2- He is very slow.
( in this example adverb
qualifing the adjective)
3- He walks very slowly.
( in this example adverb
qualifing another adverb)

Kinds of adverb:
1- Simple adverb.
2- Interrogative adverb.
3- Relative adverb.

Simple Adverb:
An adverb which is
used to qualify the
meaning of a word to
which it is attached
Example:
He came quickly.

Interrogative adverb:
Adverbs which are used
for asking questions
Example:
wHEn , where , how , why
- How did he do this?
- Where did he go?

Relative adverb:
An adverb not only qualifing the
verb , an adjective , another
adverb , but also use to connect
sentences
Example:
- Thats the resturant where we
met first time.
There was a very hot summer
the year when he was born.