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NONRENEWABLE

AND
RENEWABLE
RESOURCES

NONRENEWABLE RESOURCES

A nonrenewable resource is a
natural resource that cannot be
re-made or re-grown at a scale
comparable to its consumption.

Examples of non-renewable
resources:
Nuclear energy
Coal
Petroleum
Natural gas

Nonrenewable energy resources removed from


the earths crust include: oil, natural gas, coal,
and uranium

www.bio.miami.edu/beck/esc101/Chapter14&15.ppt

NUCLEAR ENERGY
Nuclear fission
uses uranium to
create energy.
Nuclear energy is
a nonrenewable
resource because
once the uranium
is used, it is
gone!

www.bio.miami.edu/beck/esc101/Chapter14&15.ppt

Three Mile Island

March 29, 1979, a reactor near Harrisburg, PA lost


coolant water because of mechanical and human
errors and suffered a partial meltdown

50,000 people evacuated & another 50,000 fled


area

Unknown amounts of radioactive materials


released

Partial cleanup & damages cost $1.2 billion

Released radiation increased cancer rates.

www.bio.miami.edu/beck/esc101/Chapter14&15.ppt

Chernobyl

April 26, 1986, reactor explosion (Ukraine) flung


radioactive debris into atmosphere

Health ministry reported 3,576 deaths

Green Peace estimates32,000 deaths;

About 400,000 people were forced to leave their


homes

~160,000 sq km (62,00 sq mi) contaminated

> Half million people exposed to dangerous levels of


radioactivity

Cost of incident > $358 billion


www.bio.miami.edu/beck/esc101/Chapter14&15.ppt

Effects of
Chernobyl nuclear
disaster

Fukushima disaster Japan, March 2011


before

Earthquake, followed by tsunami


subsequent loss of power to cool reactors,
plus fire at plant

COAL, PETROLEUM, AND GAS


Coal, petroleum, and
natural gas are considered
nonrenewable because they
can not be replenished in a
short period of time. These
are called fossil fuels. They
are made of hydrocarbons.

Oil and natural gas can


provide three times as
much energy as an equal
mass of wood

HOW IS COAL MADE ???

Advantages and Disadvantages of Coal


Pros
Most abundant fossil fuel
Relatively cheap
Major U.S. reserves contributes to energy independence
300 yrs. at current consumption rates
High net energy yield
Can be burned directly to produce a lot of heat in a stove, train engine
or factory
Cons
Dirtiest fuel (produces particulate matter, carbon dioxide and sulfur
dioxide)
Mining causes major environmental degradation
Major threat to health
Brooks/Cole Publishing Company / ITP
www.bio.miami.edu/beck/esc101/Chapter14&15.ppt

Natural gas
Natural gas is a mixture of methane and
other gases.
Used to produce electricity, heat homes
and water, Industry (heat for warmth and
producing things), Vehicles, cooking
Advantages: produces large amounts of
energy but lower levels of many air
pollutants than coal or oil, easy to
transport

Disadvantage: highly flammable

Oil/Petroleum
Deposits of crude oil often are
trapped within the earth's crust and
can be extracted by drilling a well
Used in industry to power machinery
and in transportation

HOW ARE OIL AND GAS


MADE ???

Info for Oil:

Infrastructure
already in
place

Risk of
spills

www.bio.miami.edu/beck/esc101/Chapter14&15.ppt

HMMMM....
If nonrenewable
resources are
resources that
cannot be re-made at
a scale comparable
to its consumption,
what are renewable
resources?

RENEWABLE RESOURCES
Renewable resources
are natural resources
that can be
replenished in a short
period of time.
Solar Geothermal
Wind Biomass
Water

SOLAR
Energy from
the sun.
Why is energy
from the sun
renewable?

GEOTHERMAL
Energy from
Earths heat.
Advantage: unlimited
source of cheap energy.
Disadvantage: There
are only a few places
where magma comes
close to Earths surface.
Elsewhere, very deep
wells are needed to tap
this energy and that is
expensive.

WIND

Energy from
the wind.
Why is
energy from
the wind
renewable?

BIOMASS
Energy from
burning
organic or
living matter.
Examples include:
Wood, leaves, food
wastes, and
manure.

WATER or HYDROELECTRIC
Energy from
the flow of
water.
Why is energy
of flowing
water
renewable?

Energy Efficiency
Energy efficiency the amount of useful energy produced
compared to the amount wasted as heat; built into the device or
system, unavoidable waste
Examples of levels of energy efficiency:
human body:
20-25%
incandescent lightbulb:
5%
internal combustion engine:
20-25%
steam turbine:
45%

Energy Conservation
Energy conservation
making an effort to reduce
the amount of energy used
some waste can be avoided

Use of energy resources in the


U.S.

U.S. has 4.6% of world population; uses 24% of the


worlds energy

SUMMARY
What are the
differences
between
nonrenewable
and renewable
resources?