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PROJECT MANGEMENT LAB

DEVIKA B_002
UJWAL_006
AWEEN_007
SREELEKSHMI_009
GOKUL KRISHNAN_0
AKHIL S SYAM_016
1

INTRODUCTION
KEYWORD:PRODUCTIVITY
The measure ofproductivityisdefinedas a total output per one unit of a total
input. Inconstruction, the output is usually expressed in weight, length, or
volume, and the input resource is usually in cost of labour or man-hours.
MATERIALS
Buildingmaterialis anymaterialwhich is used forconstructionpurposes.
Many naturally occurring substances, such as clay, rocks, sand, wood, steel have
been used to construct buildings.

LIST OF JOURNALS AVAILABLE

Printed Journals

Digital Journals

ACI :Concrete International

ASCE Digital

BuildoTech

Science Direct

Civil Engineering and Construction Review

Springerlink

Construction World
Indian Concrete Journal
Journal Of Construction Management: NICMAR
New Building Materials and Construction
World
Journal of Institution of Engineers : Civil
Engineering
American Concrete International

LIST OF PAPERS HAVING THE ABOVE KEYWORD


Printed Papers
1. Sivaprakasam et al. Study of possible productivity improvement in the fabrication of
tunnel lining segment for hydro power project. Indian Concrete Journal87(6):27-38June
2013
2. M lakshmipatti et al. Reinforcement of cement concrete pipes made with SCC
technology Indian Concrete Journal August 2009
3. Nancy A et al. Laboratory characterization and field application of novel ultra high
performance glass concrete American Concrete International 113: 307-316 2016
4. Thottipalayam et al. Experimental study on enhancing the productivity of solar still
using locally available material as a storage medium Journal of the Institution of
Engineers 2016
5. M. Sridhar et al. Study of methodologies and approaches for framing delays claims
Journal Of Construction Management: NICMAR Vol. XXX October - December 2015
6. R. Gavhale et al. Factors influencing delay in construction projects; A case of Mumbai
metro project Journal Of Construction Management: NICMAR August 2016
7. A K Ramakrishnan et al. Improving labour productivity through low cost working
platform Indian Concrete Journal, Volume 86, Number 5, May 2012

LIST OF PAPERS HAVING THE ABOVE KEYWORD


Digital Papers
1. Berg, R. et al. Theft and vandalism on construction sites ASCE Digital Volume 131,
Issue 7, July 2005
2. Park, M. et al. Floor level construction material layout, planning model considering
actual travel path ASCE Digital, Volume 138, Issue 7, July 2012
3. Flood, I et al. Empirical evidence on development of material consumption and
productivity ASCE Digital, Volume 136, 2010
4. David Grau et al. Automation in construction; Assessing the impact of materials
tracking technologies on construction craft productivity Science direct, April 2009
5. Hanna, A. et al. Impact of over manning on mechanical sheet metal labour
productivity ASCE Digital, Volume 133, Issue 1, January 2007

PAPER
OBJECTIVE
1. Study of possible
To study the procedure for
productivity improvement
improving the productivity
in the fabrication of tunnel
of the pre casting process
lining segments for a
at TVNEPP.
hydropower project.
To study the feasibility of
using SCC mix developed
2. Reinforced cement
with different
concrete pipes made with
supplementary
SCC technology.
cementitious materials for
field applications.
To present laboratory
3. Laboratory
characterization of various
characterization and field
ultra-high-performance
application of novel ultra- glass concrete mixtures in
high-performance glass
comparison to traditional

PAPER

OBJECTIVE

4. Experimental study on
The effect of pebbles as an
enhancing the productivity
energy storage medium on
of solar still using locally
the performance of a solar
available material as a
distillation system.
storage medium.
5. A study of
methodologies and
approaches for framing
delay claims.

This paper is for evolving a


rational methodology for
resolution of delay claims.

6. Theft and vandalism on


construction sites .

To explore the impact of


theft or vandalism in the
commercial construction
industry.

PAPER
7. Factors influencing
delay in construction
projects: A case study of
Mumbai Metro Project.
8. Improving labour
productivity through low
cost working platform.

9. Floor level construction


material layout planning
model considering actual
travel path.

OBJECTIVE
To study specific schedule
impact scenarios in a
single project and derive
lessons based on past
damages in MMP.
To produce low cost
working platform without
diminishing labour
production.
To develop a floor-level
construction material
layout planning model that
can minimize the
unnecessary
transportation time within
a building.

PAPER

OBJECTIVE
The chapter reviews
10. Emperical evidence on
existing emperical
the development of
evidence with regard to
material consumption and the state and development
productivity.
of material consumption
and productivity.
Quantifying and assessing
11. Assessing the impact
the productivity impact of
of material tracking
an automated tracking
technology on construction
process on industrial type
craft productivity.
projects.
Impact of over manning on
12. Impact of over
labour productivity for
manning on mechanical
labour intensive trades,
and sheet metal labour
namely mechanical and
productivity.
sheet metal contractors.

Definition

Measurement of
productivity &
material techniques

Factors
affecting
productivity
w.r.t material

Applications of
this study

Empirical evidence on the development of material consumption and


productivity
Reviewing
existing empirical
evidence such
that whether the
material
productivity
follows any
regular pattern

It is a qualitative and
quantitative study.
A qualitative study of 20th
century and a quantitative
study based on the material
consumption and per capita
material productivity

In a new project we
In the 20th century
should reduce the
material and time material consumption
consumption was
and improve
more, productivity
productivity by
less and now its
looking into the
the versa
drawbacks of
previous records

Theft vandalism on construction sites


Exploring the
impact of theft
and vandalism in
materials and

Qualitative study :
questionnaire survey,

Construction cost,

The impact of theft


and vandalism in
construction sites can
be reduced to10some
extent . Total

Definition

Measurement of
productivity &
material techniques

Factors affecting
productivity w.r.t
material

Applications
of this study

Study of possible productivity improvement in the fabrication of tunnel


lining segments
Adopting
proper mix
proportion and
quality control
for the
fabrication of
tunnel lining
section

Productivity level was


measured by work sampling
and various delay causing
events were identified from a
qualitative study.
a simulation s/w model as
also made using EZ-strobe
s/w

EZ-strobe model predicts


an improvement in the
production rate of the
precast segments from
54 man-hours/segment
down to 27 man-hours/
segment and production
ranging from 20-56
segments /day

Precast process
can be improved
with proper mix
proportion &
quality control.
The EZ-strobe s/w
can be used for
monitoring the
increase in
productivity

Experimental study on enhancing the productivity of solar still musing


locally available material
Increasing the
performance of
solar

Two simple basin solar stills


are fabricated .
Improvements on the solar

Locally available material


have the capacity to

For the
installation of
11
solar stills,

Definition

Measurement of
productivity &
material
techniques

Factors
affecting
productivity
w.r.t material

Applications of
this study

Improving Labour productivity through low cost working platform


Productivity is
defined as ratio of
output to that of
Labour hour

Systematic recording
and critical examination
of methods of work
process was conducted
which was divided into 3
phases 1)process,
2)activity 3) operation

As the material
consumption in
site decreases
the productivity
also decreases

Study shows
implementation of
productivity improvement
process through low cost
working platform can
improve productivity of
work and the cost of
material

Laboratory characterization and field application of novel ultra-highperformance glass concrete


In this study, the
productivity of ultrahigh performance
glass concrete is

9 UHPGC mix and


2UHPC mix were
prepared and tested
include temp. per unit

For better
productivity, there
should be zero
absorption of the
glass particles.

UHPGC greatly
improved the
concrete micro
structure which
12
improved the

Definition

Measurement
of productivity
& material
techniques

Factors affecting
productivity w.r.t
material

Applications
of this study

Floor level construction material layout planning model considering actual


travel path
Productivity is a layout
planning model. Time it
The travel path of
would consume to
transporting material
transport materials at
elements used to
the site which depends
measure this
on the size, height and
distance
complexity of building

Floor level material


layout significantly
affect construction
productivity and its
impact increases with
height, size and
complexity of buildings
and travel path

In all construction
site to minimize the
transportation cost

Reinforced cement concrete pipes made with SCC technology


Comparison b/w mix
proportions of scc
equivalent to M20
grade of concrete was

Feasibility study was


conducted by using
scc mix with different
supplementary

Mix proportion, w/c


ratio, ratio of super
plasticizer/

The use of scc in


casting
reinforcement
concrete pipes
13
showed

Definition

Measurement of
productivity &
material techniques

Factors
affecting
productivity
w.r.t material

Applications of
this study

Automation in construction; Assessing the impact of materials tracking


technologies on construction craft productivity
Productivity is the
measure of total
efficiency of
process which is
the ratio of o/p to
i/p

Quantifying & assessing the


productivity impact of an
automated tracking process
on industrial type projects

Material
requirement
planning, time
management,
movement of man
and materials

Radio frequency
identification tags and
GPS was used to
locate materials on
site which increased
the productivity of
erection procedure of
the structure

Factors influencing delay in construction projects; A case of Mumbai metro


project

Ratio of o/p to i/p

Database covering source of


delay specific to study under
discussion based on

Ranking of several
factors including

It was applied for


Mumbai metro rail
project as a case
14
study. It was executed

What is productivity?
Productivity is one of the most important factors affecting
the overall performance of any construction site.
Productivity=cost of output/cost of input
Construction productivity measurements include,
Decreased total cost and duration of production
Improved quality
Controlling performance of a construction site

Productivity measurement at construction site level


enables companies to monitor their own performance
against their actual or site performance.

Material productivity
Raw materials are the major inputs in an organization and form
the bulk which gets converted into output.
Materials are one of the basic inputs which constitute 50-70% of
the total value of the output.
Therefore , to improve the performance of the company material
productivity has to be improved.

THANK YOU

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