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ISO/EMS

FACULTY OF CIVIL ENGINEERING


UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA

SAM 5913
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT

ISO/EMS
Application of ISO/EMS Elements

Introduction
EMS - Environmental Management System
ISO 14000
ENVIRONMENTAL
MANAGEMENT PLAN

ENVIRONMENTAL
MANAGEMENT POST-EIA
SYSTEM MONITORING
(EMS)
Definition

EMS:
The organizational structure, responsibilities,
practices, procedures, processes, and resources
for implementing and maintaining environmental
management.
Introduction
The quality of our environment has become
a growing concern worldwide. The
environmental problems we have today have
expanded from local and regional ones to global
ones.

Resource consumption as well as


environmental emission originating from
development activities poses serious threats to
human health and to the stability of ecosystem.
WHY EMS?
STRICTER REGULATIONS TO AVOID FINES &
BAD PUBLICITY
MEASURE TO FOSTER ENVIRONMENTAL
PROTECTION
ASSURANCE IN MEETING THE REQUIREMENTS
NEEDS TO CONTROL POTENTIAL IMPACTS.
BASED ON ISO 14000 (EMS TO OBTAIN THE
ISO CERTIFICATES).
Introduction cont..
Air Pollution

Solid Waste Water Pollution


Human Activities

Soil Erosion Noise Pollution

Such problems can be controlled through the


implementation of an effective

Environmental Management System - EMS


ENVIRONMENTAL
MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS
BENEFITS:
COST SAVINGS
BETTER SALES AND HIGHER PROFITS
HOW?
MINIMIZE IMPROVE
WASTES EFFICIENCY

REDUCE MINIMIZE AVOID


POLLUTION LOSSES ACCIDENTS
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
SYSTEMS
OBJECTIVES:
Compliance with the environmental policy
and mission statement.
Compliance standards & legislation.
Promote continual improvement.
Improve productivity & business
performance.
Introduction
ISO 9000
Quality.
Customer Needs.

ISO 14000
Environmental
Protection.
Health and Safety.
EMS
Environmental Management System
A set of processes and practices that enable an
organization to reduce its environmental
impacts and increase its operating efficiency.

ACT PLAN

ISO 14000
CHECK DO

The basic EMS model is built on


a continuous cycle.
International Organization of
Standardization

A Series of international standards on


environmental management.

It provides a framework for the development of


EMS and the supporting audit program.
Aim of ISO 14000
For organizations to demonstrate
their commitment to
Minimize harmful effects on the environment
caused by its activities
Achieve continual improvement of its
environmental performance
This can be achieved through an effective practice
in the prevention of pollution, compliance to
regulations and reduction of waste.
ISO 14000 STANDARDS
ISO 14000: Environmental Management Systems
General Guidelines on Principles, Systems and Supporting
Techniques
ISO 14001: Environmental Management Systems
Specifications with guidance for use
ISO 14010: Guidelines for environmental auditing General
principles
ISO 14011: Guidelines for environmental auditing Audit
Procedures Auditing for EMS.
ISO 14012 : Guidelines for environmental auditing
Qualification criteria for environmental auditors.
The Elements of ISO 14000

The most important initial sets of ISO 14000 are:

ISO 14001: Environmental Management


Systems Specifications with guidance for use

ISO 14000: Environmental Management


Systems General Guidelines on Principles,
Systems and Supporting Techniques
Basic EMS Model in ISO 14000
- based on the Plan, Do, Check and Act management model

Phase Commitment and Policy


1

Phase Planning
2

Phase Implementation
3

Phase Measurement and Evaluation


4

Phase Review and Improvement


5
Phase 1:
Commitment and Policy

The Environment Policy


The company statement on its need and
principle regarding the overall environment
Necessary for the contractor to formulate the
organizations policies to express the goals or
vision of organization
Phase 1:
Commitment and Policy

Three key commitments of contractor


Focus on environmental protection
Focus on continual improvement
- reduction of raw materials use and generation of waste
- replacement of hazardous chemicals
- reuse and recycling of raw materials.
Compliance with and support of the law, international
environmental initiatives and industry guidelines
(Environmental Quality Act, 1974)
PHASE 2: PLANNING

Environmental
Environmental
Aspect
Aspect

Legal
Legal
Objective
Objective The
The and
andOther
Other
and
andTargets
Targets Planning
Planning
Requirement
Requirement
Process
Process

Environmental
Environmental
Management
Management
Program
Program
PHASE 2: PLANNING
Environmental Aspect
Identify construction site activities that interact with
the environment

Identify construction site activities that have


significant environmental impact based on aspects
(ISO 14004):

1. Emission to air
2. Releases to water
3. Waste management
4. Land contamination
5. Use of raw material and natural resources
6. Other local environment and community issues
PHASE 2: PLANNING
Legal and other requirement.
To identify legal requirements, international agreements,
regulatory and non-regulatory guidelines, codes and
industry practices comply with the basis of
environmental policy.
Example of Regulations:

Site operating permit under Department of


Environment, Department of Occupational Safety and
Health
General environment law Environmental Quality Act 1974
Authorize, licenses and permits (licenses under
prescribed premises under Department of Environment
EQA regulation)
PHASE 2: PLANNING

Environmental objective and target


Objectives must commensurate with the
environmental policy and commitment
Targets performance requirements to achieve
the objectives
Example:
Environmental Policy:
Commitment to waste reduction through recycling and reuse
Findings at Construction Site:
Disposal of planks used formerly as formwork
Suggested Objectives/Targets:
Select the proper planks that can be reused by (target date)
PHASE 2: PLANNING
Environmental Management Program EMP
An detailed action plan for environmental objective and its
targets and is based on the environmental policy of the
organization.
The EMP for construction plan may includes:
The schedule of construction activities
Allocation of resources (machinery, materials,
manpower etc)
Technologies to be used
Monitoring program during site activities
Training requirement
Phase 3:
Implementation

A company can develop and implement an EMS


to identify environmental aspects and impacts,
set objectives and targets, evaluate
environmental performance and make
operational adjustments for continual
improvement over time
Phase 3:Implementation

Under ISO 14001, implementation and operation of a


companys EMS will be evaluated on seven elements
that are:

Structure and responsibility


Training, awareness and competence
Communication
EMS documentation
Document control
Operational control
Emergency preparedness and response
Phase 3:Implementation

Structure and Responsibility


A company has to define and document
all major roles, responsibilities and
authorities for the EMS at the corporate
and site level.
Phase 3:Implementation

Managing Director
Overall responsibility and
Structure and authority for EMS and
environment strategy *Corporate Audit Team
Responsibility at members consist of
Corporate Level Environmental Operation
Officer and one more
Director Construction Site
- Provides legal counsel on Environmental
environmental issues as needed Coordinators
- Leads Corporate Audit Team*

Project Manager Admin Manager Environmental


Overall responsibility for - Responsibility for Operations Officer
EMS at construction site personnel administration - Responsibility for EMS
- Provides support to implementation and
Admin Coordinators maintenance worldwide
- Provides support to
Training Officer Environmental
Responsibility for Coordinators
communication and training
Phase 3:Implementation

Structure and
Project Manager
Responsibility at
Construction Site

Environmental Coordinator Site Agent


- Implements EMS - Coordinates communications
- Coordinates emergency - Coordinates training
response
- Supervises wasting activities

Department Supervisor Facilities Coordinator


Support EMS at department level - Supervises facilities and maintenance activities
- Repairs equipment
Phase 3:Implementation

Training and Awareness


May also be needed for contractors and suppliers
performing work that because of its nature and could
have environmental impacts for the organization.

Examples include contractors performing work on the


construction site that based on the client
specifications or that involves materials supplied by
the company.
Phase 3:Implementation

Emergency
Response
Procedures

EMS Proper Concreting


Auditor and
Training other works

Training
Needs
The
Operational
Work Department
Procedures

Proper
Transporting
Waste
Phase 3:Implementation

Awareness On:
The environmental policy, significant environmental
aspects of the site activities and the requirements of
the EMS
Pollution prevention efforts
How the employees job responsibility can impact the
environment
The environmental benefits of improved performance
and the potential consequences of deviating from
specified working procedures
Phase 3:Implementation

EMS Documentation
EMS process and procedures need to be
documented and keep current.

When registering to ISO 14000, an organization


will want to ensure that the registrar finds a one-
to-one match between the documented process
and what is actually practiced by the
organization
Phase 3:Implementation

Illustration of How ISO 14001 Documents and Records

EMS
Manual

Top Level
Overview of EMS
Operating Procedures

Relevant to Locations/Functions

Work Instructions

Relevant to Department/Tasks

Environmental Record
Phase 3:Implementation

Communication
Another key aspect of effective environmental management is
communication with employees, neighbors and other interested
members of the public and with client. ISO 14001 specifies that
procedures be in place for:

Maintaining internal communication between various


functions and levels of the organization

Receiving, documenting and responding to relevant


communication from external interested parties regarding
environmental aspects and the EMS
Phase 4: Evaluation and
Continual Improvement

ISO 14001 , Section 4.5.1.


It is required that an organization should
establish and maintain documented procedures
to monitor and measure on a regular basis in
order to observe its operations and activities
which may have a significant impact on the
environment.
Phase 4: Evaluation and
Continual Improvement
Elements under evaluations:
1.Monitoring and Measurement
2.Nonconformance and Corrective and
Preventive action
3.Records and documentation
4.Environmental Management System audit
Phase 4: Evaluation and
Continual Improvement

1.Monitoring and Measurement


Functions of M&M system:
A regular assessment to check whether a particular progress
of an construction site meets the environmental objectives
in an organizations stated policy.
A procedure to monitor the calibration of equipments used
as well as maintaining calibration records for a period of
time.
To evaluate periodically that the operations comply with
environmental law and legislation.
Phase 4: Evaluation and
Continual Improvement
1.Monitoring and Measurement
Waste
Storm water Noise
generation
discharge generation

Air Monitoring of a Wastewater


emissions construction site discharge

Water Chemical
use Materials uses
handling
Phase 4: Evaluation and
Continual Improvement
2.Nonconformance and
Corrective and Preventive action
Nonconformance at construction site:
A situation that refer to a specific operation or task
an the site that deviates from the EMS and the
requirement of ISO 14001.
ISO 14001 requires an organization to develop a
procedure to investigated the nonconformance,
thus initiating a corrective and preventive action.
Phase 4: Evaluation and
Continual Improvement

3.Records
Every procedures poising potential environmental
impact at a construction site should be recorded and
documented.
Environmental records should be legible, and
traceable to the actual activities conducted at site.
These records must be maintained appropriately to
meet the requirement of the EMS.
Phase 4: Evaluation and
Continual Improvement
3.Records
Examples of the needed records are :
Work/ Task inspection form
Maintenance report
Equipment inspection and calibration records
Training records
Experimental reports (test conducted to check
environmental quality)
Contractor and supplier records
Complaint reports
Phase 4: Evaluation and
Continual Improvement
4.Environmental Management System Audit
As defined in ISO 14001,
Environmental Management System Audit is a
systematic and documented verification process to
objectively obtain and evaluate evidence in order to
asses whether an organizations environmental
management conforms with the EMS criteria set by
the organization itself, thus fulfilling ISO 14001
requirements.
Phase 4: Evaluation and
Continual Improvement
4.Environmental Management System Audit
EMS audit is required on a periodical basis.
EMS audit is a vital process for organization seeking ISO
certification.
EMS audit helps to communicates relevant environmental
information among internal as well as external
stakeholders.
External EMS auditors are hired to provide an outside
view of the organizations environmental policy.
Phase 4: Evaluation and
Continual Improvement

4.Environmental Management System Audit


EMS audit on construction site management:
Review the scope and objectives
Gather variety of information
Data collection and verification
Ensure sufficient provable evidences and information
are gathered.
Produce comprehensive audit report
Phase 5: Review and
Improvement

The final component of ISO 14001 which emphasize on the


continuity of environmental policy efforts.
Management review and continual improvement will ensure
the success of EMS over a long term.
At a construction site , the performance of an EMS must be
compared to the policies, objectives, and targets of the
organization.
Potential problems should be evaluated to determine the root
causes considering the option of solutions.
Problem solving at construction is not only a way to solve
temporary problem but also help an organization to achieve
continual improvement. Thus, helping it to take up upon
greater task.
CONCLUSION
Environmental aspect in construction sites is an
important issue not to be neglected. It is advisable for
contractors as well as developers to adopt a higher standard of
environmental policies in their serving.

Adopting ISO 14001 standards in construction site will


help an organization to achieve its goals more efficiently. The
implementation and operation of EMS should be supported by
all employees.

Proper enforcement of EMS at construction sites can be


a form of cost saving as well as continual improvement for
construction industry.