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Active Transport

SBI4U
Remember:

Diffusion: Movement from high to low concentration

Osmosis: movement of water across a semipermeable membrane


Types of Transport

Passive Transport: Doesnt need energy


1. Diffusion
2. Facilitated diffusion
3. Osmosis

Active Transport: Needs energy (ATP)


1. Protein pumps
2. Endocytosis
3. Exocytosis
ATP Hydrolysis

Bonds have energy stored that are released when broken


Protein Pumps

Transport proteins that require energy to do


work
Move from low concentration to high
concentration

Example: Sodium/Potassium pumps


Nerve responses
Primary vs Secondary Active Transport

Primary Active Transport: Uses ATP


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-1evc75Z0G0

Secondary Active Transport: Uses electrochemical gradient created


by ion pump that used ATP
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nYC3_3hb54Q
Endocytosis

Taking bulky material into a cell

Cell membrane in-folds around molecule that is entering the cell


Exocytosis

Forces material out of cell in bulk

Cell changes shape requires energy