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FDD-LTE Radio Network

Overview
Contents
Mobile Network Evolution
LTE Architecture and Benefits
LTE Key Technology
ZTE LTE Solution
Drivers of Mobile Network Evolution

Wireless Internet - A New Paradigm for Mobile Communication

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Evolution Trend of Mobile Technology

GSM GPRS EDGE eEDGE

TD- MC-HSPA TDD


HSPA
SCDMA MBMS

LTE
WCDMA HSDPA HSUPA HSPA+
R99 R5 R6 R7
MBMS 4G
FDD

cdma 2000 EV-DO


cdma 1x cdma 2000
EV-DO Rev. A

EV-DO
UMB
Rev. B
802.16 d 802.16 e 802.16 m

2G 2.5G 2.75G 3G 3.5G 3.75G 3.9G 4G

Multi-Standards Coexist : OFDM, OFDMA and MIMO, basic technologies in different standards, are
employed in multi wireless access technology.
Multi-frequency Coexistence: More frequency bands are available and standardized.
Mobile Broadband: Increase spectrum utilization; reduce the cost of wireless data services; ready for
multimedia-based services.
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Evolution of Speed

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Technologies Comparison

802.16e (WiMAX) HSPA+ LTE


FEATURE

TDD OFDMA FDD WCDMA FDD OFDMA


MIMO 64QAM MIMO 64QAM DL TDD SC-FDMA
BW: 1.25 ~ 20MHz 16QAM UL MIMO 64QAM

BW: 5MHz 1.4 | 3 | 5 | 10 | 20MHz


DATA RATE

63.36Mbps DL 42Mbps DL 150Mbps DL


2*2 10MHz 2*2 5MHz 2*2 20MHz

28.22Mbps UL 11.5Mbps UL 75Mbps UL


2*2 10MHz 5MHz 2*2 20MHz
STANDARD

2005.12 2008. Q3 2009. Q3


3G spectrum
New spectrum 3G spectrum
New spectrum

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Organizations Leading in LTE Ecosystem

NGMN

R
en

ep
Re
m

or
re

qu
i

t
qu

ir e
R e

m
en
t
3GPP LSTI
Standard

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Key Requirements

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LTE Frequency and Bandwidth
E-UTRAN Band UL: eNode B receive, UE transmit DL: eNode B transmit, UE receive Duplex
Mode
FUL_low FUL_high FDL_low FDL_high

1 1920 MHz 1980 MHz 2110 MHz 2170 MHz FDD


2 1850 MHz 1910 MHz 1930 MHz 1990 MHz FDD
3 1710 MHz 1785 MHz 1805 MHz 1880 MHz FDD
4 1710 MHz 1755 MHz 2110 MHz 2155 MHz FDD
5 824 MHz 849 MHz 869 MHz 894MHz FDD
6 830 MHz 840 MHz 875 MHz 885 MHz FDD
7 2500 MHz 2570 MHz 2620 MHz 2690 MHz FDD
8 880 MHz 915 MHz 925 MHz 960 MHz FDD
9 1749.9 MHz 1784.9 MHz 1844.9 MHz 1879.9 MHz FDD
10 1710 MHz 1770 MHz 2110 MHz 2170 MHz FDD
11 1427.9 MHz 1452.9 MHz 1475.9 MHz 1500.9 MHz FDD
12 [TBD] [TBD] [TBD] [TBD] FDD
13 777 MHz 787 MHz 746 MHz 756 MHz FDD
14 788 MHz 798 MHz 758 MHz 768 MHz FDD
...
33 1900 MHz 1920 MHz 1900 MHz 1920 MHz TDD
34 2010 MHz 2025 MHz 2010 MHz 2025 MHz TDD
35 1850 MHz 1910 MHz 1850 MHz 1910 MHz TDD
36 1930 MHz 1990 MHz 1930 MHz 1990 MHz TDD
37 1910 MHz 1930 MHz 1910 MHz 1930 MHz TDD
ZTE Corporation.38
All rights reserved 2570 MHz 2620 MHz 2570 MHz 2620 MHz TDD
Content
Mobile Network Evolution
LTE Architecture and Benefits
LTE Key Technology
ZTE LTE Solution
LTE/SAE System Architecture Evolution
PCRF: Policy and Charging Rules Function
HSS: Home Subscriber Server

GERAN MME: Mobile Management Entity

SGSN HSS
UTRAN

S3 S6a

S1-MME

MME PCRF
S4 S7 Rx+
S11

S10
LTE-Uu
S5 SGi
Serving PDN Operator's IP Services
UE E-UTRAN
S1-U
Gateway Gateway (e.g. IMS, PSS etc.)

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E-UTRAN Structure

MME / S-GW MME / S-GW


Mobility Management
EPC Serving Gateway

S1 Interface between
EPS MME/SGW & eNodeB
eNodeB
RNC
E- Node B eNodeB
X2 X2
UTRAN

eNodeB
X2

eNodeB
+ =

Interface between
eNodeBs

Only one Node in E-UTRAN eNodeB Flexible band width


Evolved Packet Core EPC Higher spectrum efficiency
Evolved Packet System EPS High peak rate, Lower latency

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EUTRAN/EPC Function Module

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eNodeB Function
Radio Resource Management
IP header compression and encryption of user data
stream
Selection of an MME at UE attachment when no
routing to an MME can be determined from the
information provided by the UE
Routing of User Plane data towards Serving
Gateway
eNodeB Scheduling and transmission of paging messages
Scheduling and transmission of broadcast
information
Measurement and measurement reporting
configuration for mobility and scheduling
Scheduling and transmission of ETWS messages
CSG handling

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MME Function
NAS signalling
NAS signalling security
AS Security control
Inter CN node signalling for mobility between 3GPP access
networks
Idle mode UE Reachability (including control and execution of
paging retransmission)
Tracking Area list management (for UE in idle and active
mode)
PDN GW and Serving GW selection
MME selection for handovers with MME change
MME
SGSN selection for handovers to 2G or 3G 3GPP access
networks
Roaming
Authentication
Bearer management functions including dedicated bearer
establishment
Support for ETWS message transmission
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SGW Function
The local Mobility Anchor point for
inter-eNB handover
Mobility anchoring for inter-3GPP
mobility
E-UTRAN idle mode downlink packet
buffering and initiation of network
triggered service request procedure
Lawful Interception
Packet routeing and forwarding
Transport level packet marking in the
SGW
uplink and the downlink
Accounting on user and QCI
granularity for inter-operator charging
UL and DL charging per UE, PDN, and
QCI

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PDN GW Function

Per-user based packet filtering


Lawful Interception
UE IP address allocation
Transport level packet marking in
the downlink
UL and DL service level charging,
gating and rate enforcement;
PDN GW
DL rate enforcement based on AMBR

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Compare the Architecture of LTE with 3G
IMS
MGW

MGCF PSTN

Ip network P/I/S-CSCF

PS CS
EPC PCRF

PDN-GW GGSN GMSC


CN

MME S-GW HSS SGSN MSC/VLR

Iu
S1

RNC RNC

eNode B eNode B RAN


X2 Node B Node B

E-UTRAN UTRAN

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Flat and IP-based Network Architecture for LTE

WCDMA/HSPA LTE Flat Structure Without RNC

Less investment
MSCS GGSN
MME x-GW
HLR HSS PCRF Easy maintenance

EPC Reduce transmission


MGW SGSN
delay
RNC RNC

Better reliability
IP Backbone IP Backbone

Node B Node B eNode B eNode B


MME/x-GW
Integrates CN & partial
RNC functions

eNode B
Flat network structure and IP-based network can reduce Full function of Node B
the TCO of LTE network. and major function of
RNC

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LTE Benefits for Operators and Users
User Experience ARPU Investment Protection

Throughput Latency Reuse of


Sites and
infrastructure
Backhauling
Frequency bands
HSPA LTE HSPA LTE

Low Cost per Mbps Scalable bandwidth

Optimized spectrum usage


cost per Mbps

3G HSPA HSPA+ LTE

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LTE Enriches the Mobile Services

Mobile Broadband Changes the Future Life

Video Sharing
Mobile Email
Video Blog
Netmeeting
Video Chat
HD Video
Information
Conference

Video on Mobile
Demand Shopping
Online Game Mobile Bank
HD video Mobile Stock
streanming

LTE improves user experience by high capacity,


quick response, high data-rate and better QoS.

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LTE Improves Broadband Applications

Live Video/ Video Blogging


Online Gaming <50 ms Latency DL 6-8Mbps/UL 2Mbps

Permanent Sync. HD Video Streaming (720i or 1080i)


DL/UL 1-2Mbps DL 6-10Mbps
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Contents
Mobile Network Evolution
LTE Architecture and Benefits
LTE Key Technology
ZTE LTE Solution
Frame Structure

Channel bandwidth [MHz] 1.4 3 5 10 15 20

Resource block number (FDD mode) 6 15 25 50 75 100

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LTE Radio Transmission Schemes

OFDMA: SC-FDMA:
Widely known and used in WiMAX,
Not known from other standards
WLAN, DVB
yet
Benefits:
Benefits:
Robustness against multi-path
Technically similar to OFDMA
fading Low peak-to-average ratio (PAR) enables
Optimum use of available improved power amplifier efficiency and
spectrum battery life
Efficient receiver architecture

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OFDM Technology

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DFT-spread OFDM

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OFDMA: Downlink Multiple Access
System Bandwidth

Sub-carriers

Sub-frame

Frequency

Time frequency
resource for User 1
Time frequency
resource for User 2
Time
Time frequency
resource for User 3
Up to 16 QAM can be used
Resistance to multi-path interference by Cyclic Prefix
Friendly to MIMO

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SC-FDMA: Uplink Multiple Access

System Bandwidth

Single Carrier
Sub-frame

Frequency

Time frequency
resource for User 1
Time frequency
resource for User 2
Time
Time frequency
resource for User 3

Up to 16 QAM can be used


Single carrier modulation achieves lower Peak to Average
0
Ratio (PAPR)
FDMA is efficiently achieved through FFT operation

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OFDMA/SC-FDMA
SC-FDMA

Xn N-point Subcarrier M-point Add CP /


DAC/RF
DFT Mapping IDFT PS

Xk Channel
Xl Xm
Subcarrier
N-point De- M-point Remove
Detect RF/ADC
IDFT mapping/ DFT CP
Equalization

OFDMA

Xn Subcarrier M-point Add CP /


DAC/RF
Mapping IDFT PS

Channel
Xk Xl Xm
Subcarrier
De- M-point Remove
Detect RF/ADC
mapping/ DFT CP
Equalization

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MIMO Technology

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Scenarios of Different MIMO Modes in LTE

1 Mode 1 Single Antenna Port Correspond to Single Antenna Port

2 Mode 2 Transmit Diversity Provide Diversity Against Fading

3 Mode 3 Open Loop Spatial multiplexing High Mobility Environment

4 Mode 4 Closed-Loop Spatial multiplexing Improve Peak data rates

5 Mode 5 MU-MIMO Improve system Capacity

Mode 6 Codebook Beam Forming


6
Improve cell Coverage and
Suppress Interference
7 Mode 7 Non Codebook Beam Forming

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SON Architectures

33
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SON Use Cases Based on Function

34
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SON Use Cases Based on Project

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Content
Mobile Network Evolution
LTE Architecture and Benefits
LTE Key Technology
ZTE LTE Solution
Product Solution
Transport Solution
Antenna Solution
Terminal Solution
Full Series LTE Product Line
WITH VOICE
LTE TERMINAL SOLUTION

SINGLE RAN &


LTE ACCESS PLUS

MICROWAVE
LTE TRANSPORT

uMAC
LTE CORE
xG W

37
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ZTE Unified Radio Sub-System Platform
One Network Target

GSM/EDGE UMTS/HSPA TD-SCDMA CDMA2000 WiMAX LTE


GSM/EDGE

ZTE Universal SDR Platform UMTS/HSPA

LTE

Distributed IntegratedUniversal
RRU
RRU
RSU Features

MicroTCA architecture
Multi-Standard support
Baseband sharing and
BBU
software configurable
RRU sharing and
BBU software configurable

Future-Proof
Future-Proof Platform
Platform with
with Smooth
Smooth Evolution
Evolution Support
Support
38
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GSM/LTE Dual-mode System to Co-existence
with UMTS
ZTE SDR Platform
09 Q3 launch
GSM LTE
LTE hardware ready
Cost effective solution

GSM/LTE Dual-mode Platform

+10 years GSM system G/L dual-mode LTE system

1. Replace by GSM/LTE 2. Software upgrade


dual-mode system

39
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UMTS/LTE Dual-mode System to Prove Future
Evolution
UMTS/LTE System UMTS/LTE System
Existed GSM system
GSM System

2. GSM replace by
U/L system
1. Build a new UMTS/LTE
dual-mode system

3. Software upgrade

LTE system

UMTS LTE

UMTS/LTE dual-mode Platform

40
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ZTE SDR Based Uni-RAN Solution

GSM & WCDMA CN LTE


IP based
& SAE BSC/RNC backhaul
RRU@2.6GHz

LTE & UMTS


S1 Iub/Abis

LTE, GSM, UMTS


Baseband Unit
RRU @2.1GHz

LTE & GSM


Distributed system
architecture RRU @900/1800MHz

Multimode operation

41
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ZTE Unified O&M Solution

NMS/OSS/ 3rd Party


BSS
NMS/OSS/BSS

EMS CORBA SNMP FILE ASCII DB

FM/PM/CM/IM FM FM/PM/CM/IM FM FM/PM/CM/IM

Fault Performance Configuration


NetNumen TM
M31 Management Management Management

Accounting SON Security


Management Functions Management

Inventory System Topology


Management Management Management

NE

BSS UTRAN EPS TD-SCDMA WiMAX

42
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Contents
Mobile Network Evolution
LTE Architecture and Benefits
LTE Key Technology
ZTE LTE Solution
Product Solution
Transport Solution
Antenna Solution
Terminal Solution
ZTE All-around LTE Solution

UE E-UTRAN EPC

HSS PCRF
Handset Rural

Transmission
IMS

Network
Dense Hot-
Urban
Express Urban spot
card Suburban Home Internet
eNodeB
MME/SGW PGW

USB
dongle

B8200+ B8300+
CPE BS8800 BS8900 Femto ENB
R8860 Micro/Pico RRU

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LTE Backhaul Transmission Bandwidth
Requirement

45
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HKCSL LTE Trial Network Architecture

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HKCSL LTE Trial QoS Requirement

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HKCSL LTE Trial QoS Solution

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HKCSL LTE Trial Security Solution

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HKCSL LTE Trial DHCP server Deployment

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Content
Mobile Network Evolution
LTE Architecture and Benefits
LTE Key Technology
ZTE LTE Solution
Product Solution
Transport Solution
Antenna Solution
Terminal Solution
Scheme
1:GSM900+GSM1800/UMTS2100+LTE2600
900M 1710-2170M 1920-2690M

2.6GHz LTE involved

1800/2100
combiner

900M 1800M 2100M 2600M


GSM GSM UMTS LTE
RRU RRU RRU RRU

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Scheme
2:GSM900+GSM1800+UMTS2100/LTE1800
900M 1710-2170M 1920-2690M

1.8GHz LTE involved


Tips : intra-band
combination lead around 3
db loss
1800/2100
combiner

900M 1800M 2100M 1800M


GSM GSM UMTS LTE
RRU RRU RRU RRU

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Scheme3:GSM900+GSM1800/UMTS2100+LTE
1800/LTE2600
900M 1710-2170M 1920-2690M

2.6GHz LTE and 1.8GHz co-


site

1800/2100 1800/2600
combiner combiner

900M 1800M 2100M 1800M 2600M


GSM GSM UMTS LTE LTE
RRU RRU RRU RRU RRU

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Contents
Mobile Network Evolution
LTE Architecture and Benefits
LTE Key Technology
ZTE LTE Solution
Product Solution
Transport Solution
Antenna Solution
Terminal Solution
IOT with third part
ES FPGA IOT test
FFA(2.6GHz)
(700MHz) (ongoing)

Sept.09 Oct.09 Apr.10

09 Dec. IOT start


(2.6GHz) 10.Mar. IOT start
(1.8GHz)

N 09 Oct. PHY IOT


(2.6GHz) 09 Dec. L1/L2/L3 IOT
(2.6GHz)

S1/S11 IOT
C (2.6GHz)
Nov.09

09Q3 09Q4 10Q1 10Q2 10Q3

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