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Chapter I.

Introduction
Naval Architecture:
the science and engineering of designing ships and
other kinds of waterborne crafts.

Kinds of ships

Sub systems

Fundamental principles of N.A.


1. Statics & Dynamics
2. Resistance
3. Propeller
I. Category of Ocean Vehicles
By Support (restoring) Forces
-Supported by buoyancy force Conventional
displacement ship
- Supported by Hydrodynamic force - Hydrofoil
ships and Planning Hull ships, at Full Speed.
-Supported by Aerostatic force (pressure) - Air
cushion vehicles at full speed
-Ground supported- Ocean drilling platform (median
and shallow water)
By Missions

-Military Purpose:
Aircraft carrier, Cruiser, Destroyer, Service
vessel, Patrol boat (gun boat), Landing craft.

-Non-military Purpose:
a. Transportation: Passenger ship,
Container ships, Bulk carrier (wheat, coal,
ore, mineral), Oil tanker (very large),
Specific vessel (LNG, etc.)
By Missions (continues)
-Non-military Purpose:
b. Work Platform: Offshore drilling; Oil and gas
production; Oceanography research; Electronic
tracking and surveillance satellite, communication,
weather monitoring and navigation assistance; Ocean
mining and dredging; Fishing, fish-processing;
Offshore processing sea water, minerals; Offshore
power generation; Offshore service construction,
pipe laying, salvage and retrieval, Ice-breaker;
Offshore support for personnel;
By Missions (continues)
-Non-military Purpose:
c. Offshore commerce: Breakwaters, artificial
harbors (marinas); Deepwater mooring (buoys); At
sea storage (gas and LNG terminal); Recreation
(artificial reef);
Sea fish farms; Wind Mills; Renewable Energy;
By Configurations
Surface displacement: Conventional ships
(single hull); Catamaran (double hull, large deck
area, small displacement, excellent stability).
Near Surface: Air cushion vehicles; Hydrofoils
and planning hull craft (small displacement, high
speed)
Submerged: Submersibles; submarines;
Underwater habitats; Submerged buoys.
Semi submersibles: Very deep, small water
plane
Bottom supported: Temporary & Permanent
jack-up;
Tanker
Small Water-plane Area Twin-Hull (SWATH)
Ferry (Catamaran, or SWATH)
Container Ship
Container Ship
Hydrofoil Craft
Ordinates Drawing of A Plane-Hull Craft
II. Sub Systems
Hull: Hydrostatic, hydrodynamic performance
(Resistance)*

Structure: Strength of hull**

Machinery and Propulsion: Main engine &


propellers*

Ship Control: (maneuvering)**


Sub systems (Continues)
Weapons & Deck Machinery:

Navigation: Sensors & radar.

Central Computer:

Communications:

Damage Control:**
Sub systems (Continues)
Hotel & Provision and Service:

Rigging and Mooring:** (OCEN 201)

Economic feasibility: General Design

Preliminary Design:

Ship Yard & Dry Dock:


III. General Requirements
For ocean transportation vehicles

Mobility, speed

Ability to carry payload (wt/total displacement)

Cost (lift/drag or wt/drag ratio)

Performance (motion, maneuvering, safety)

See p3 of the textbook


General Requirements (Continue)

For Work Platforms:


- Performance: motion, station keeping,
structure.

- Logistics: mobility, delivery system, support


systems.

- Economics: initial, operating cost,


maintenance.