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# THE FIRST INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON SOLAR ENERGY (INCOSOLE 2015)

## Modeling and Simulation of Photovoltaic System Adapted by

an MPPT Control
K. Boudraa, I. Baadji, A.H.Kherbachi, A.Bendib
Department of Electronic, Faculty of Technology, University of M ed. Boudiaf - M'Sila, 28000 Msila, ALgeria
E-mail : kh.Boudraa@yahoo.com, ismahaneba@yahoo.com SPR-X21-345 phot ovolt aic module I-V curve
SPR-315-E photovolt aic module P-V curve

10 350
15C 15C
25C 25C

## Modeling of the characteristics of the PV

300

Abstract
35C 35C

m o d u le p o w e r (W )
8
45C

m o d u le cu r r e n t (A )
45C
250
55C 55C

6 200

150
4

100

## of photovoltaic generator using MATLAB-SIMULINK. Our choice

50

Fig.1 Equivalent 0
0
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70

## is SUNPOWER commercial solar modules (SPR-x21-345)

0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 module voltage(V)

## circuit of module voltage(V)

Fig. 4 I-V & P-V characteristics of the solar panel for different temperature.
photovoltaic model, because of its highest efficiency (=21.5%) photovoltaic cell.
compared with other panels of various manufacturers. Intended
for commercial sites where maximum energy production is Maximum Power Point Tracking
critical.
photovoltaic generator is controlled by a MPPT control. Thus, The I-V-characteristic of a solar array is given by Equation (1) . Simulation of MPPT
we will study the functioning of this command with the P&O
q V Rs I
V RS I 1 P&O with MATLAB/
(perturbation & observation) algorithm found in the literature.
I I sc I s e
nKT
1000 Rsh
Keywords: PV generator, MPPT, Modeling and Simulation
of a PV system, P & O algorithm. Table 1: Parameters of SPR-x21-345 panel in S.T.C.
Nominal Power Pnom 345 W
Introduction Rated Voltage
Rated Current
Vmpp 57.3 V
Impp 6.02 A
It is mandatory to match the PV source Open-Circuit Voltage Voc 68.2 V
with the load/battery in order to draw the Short-Circuit Current Isc 6.39 A
maximum power at the current solar Current Temp Coef a 3.5 mA/C
irradiance level. So that the PV generator Fig. 5 The flow chart of the P&O algorithm.
Figure 2 plot the I-V and P-V curves and show well that
provides its maximum power and functions with a raised
characteristic I (V) of SPR-x21-345 panel is nonlinear.
. One of the most effective solutions currently is to use named 10
sun power SPR-x 21-345 Photovolt aic Module I-V Curve
sun power SPR-x 21-345 Phot ovolt aic Module P-V Curve

350
X: 5 7 .3
Y: 3 4 4.9

## The main contribution of this work is the implementation of PV

M o d u le cu r r e n t (A )

300

M o d u le p o w e r (W )
250
6

## generator model in MATLAB / SIMULINK , and the 200

4
Fig. 6 Model MATLAB / SIMULINK of P & O MPPT studied.
nonlinearity of PV current versus voltage (I-V) and power
150

100
2

Conclusion
0 0

## simulation results for MPPT strategy.

0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 0 20 40 60 80 100
Module Voltage (V) Module Volt age (V)

## Fig. 2 Nonlinear I-V & P-V characteristics of the solar panel.

In this work we modeled a PV generator with an MPPT controller,
Choice of the model this study was realized by using the software Matlab reliable in the
Influence of irradiation & Temperature presentation of the results where we established calculation
SUNPOWER SPR-x21-345 module 10
SPR-X21-345 photovoltaic module I-V curve
350
SPR-315-E phot ovolt aic module P-V curve
programs in the form of the mathematical equations allowing to
200W/m

200W/ m
400W/m

## with efficiency (=21.5%). The module 300 400W/ m

600W/m
8 600W/ m
m o d u le p o w e r (W )
m o d u le cu r r e n t (A )

800W/m

## panel SUNPOWER SPR X21-345. The objective is to test the

800W/ m
1000W/ m 250
1000W/ m

is composed of 96 Monocrystalline 6
200

## silicon cells connected between them 4

150 intensive and influential parameters on the modeling of a PV
in series to produce a power of 345W. 2
100
generator where we were particularly interested on the effect of
50

0
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80
0
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70
temperature and the solar irradiance incident.
module volt age(V) module voltage(V)

Fig. 3 I-V & P-V characteristics of the solar panel for different irradiation.