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THE FIRST INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON SOLAR ENERGY (INCOSOLE 2015)

4-5 May 2015, University of Bordj Bou Arreridj, Algeria

Modeling and Simulation of Photovoltaic System Adapted by


an MPPT Control
K. Boudraa, I. Baadji, A.H.Kherbachi, A.Bendib
Department of Electronic, Faculty of Technology, University of M ed. Boudiaf - M'Sila, 28000 Msila, ALgeria
E-mail : kh.Boudraa@yahoo.com, ismahaneba@yahoo.com SPR-X21-345 phot ovolt aic module I-V curve
SPR-315-E photovolt aic module P-V curve

10 350
15C 15C
25C 25C

Modeling of the characteristics of the PV


300

Abstract
35C 35C

m o d u le p o w e r (W )
8
45C

m o d u le cu r r e n t (A )
45C
250
55C 55C

6 200

150
4

The objective of this work is to model the design and simulation 2


100

of photovoltaic generator using MATLAB-SIMULINK. Our choice


50

Fig.1 Equivalent 0
0
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70

is SUNPOWER commercial solar modules (SPR-x21-345)


0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 module voltage(V)

circuit of module voltage(V)

Fig. 4 I-V & P-V characteristics of the solar panel for different temperature.
photovoltaic model, because of its highest efficiency (=21.5%) photovoltaic cell.
compared with other panels of various manufacturers. Intended
for commercial sites where maximum energy production is Maximum Power Point Tracking
critical.
photovoltaic generator is controlled by a MPPT control. Thus, The I-V-characteristic of a solar array is given by Equation (1) . Simulation of MPPT
we will study the functioning of this command with the P&O
q V Rs I
V RS I 1 P&O with MATLAB/
(perturbation & observation) algorithm found in the literature.
I I sc I s e
nKT
1 SIMULINK
1000 Rsh
Keywords: PV generator, MPPT, Modeling and Simulation
of a PV system, P & O algorithm. Table 1: Parameters of SPR-x21-345 panel in S.T.C.
Nominal Power Pnom 345 W
Introduction Rated Voltage
Rated Current
Vmpp 57.3 V
Impp 6.02 A
It is mandatory to match the PV source Open-Circuit Voltage Voc 68.2 V
with the load/battery in order to draw the Short-Circuit Current Isc 6.39 A
maximum power at the current solar Current Temp Coef a 3.5 mA/C
irradiance level. So that the PV generator Fig. 5 The flow chart of the P&O algorithm.
Figure 2 plot the I-V and P-V curves and show well that
provides its maximum power and functions with a raised
characteristic I (V) of SPR-x21-345 panel is nonlinear.
output, an adaptation of the generator to the load is necessary
. One of the most effective solutions currently is to use named 10
sun power SPR-x 21-345 Photovolt aic Module I-V Curve
sun power SPR-x 21-345 Phot ovolt aic Module P-V Curve

MPPT controllers (Maximum Power Point Tracker). 8


350
X: 5 7 .3
Y: 3 4 4.9

The main contribution of this work is the implementation of PV


M o d u le cu r r e n t (A )

300

M o d u le p o w e r (W )
250
6

generator model in MATLAB / SIMULINK , and the 200

4
Fig. 6 Model MATLAB / SIMULINK of P & O MPPT studied.
nonlinearity of PV current versus voltage (I-V) and power
150

100
2

versus voltage (P-V) characteristics are shown as well, and 50

Conclusion
0 0

simulation results for MPPT strategy.


0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 0 20 40 60 80 100
Module Voltage (V) Module Volt age (V)

Fig. 2 Nonlinear I-V & P-V characteristics of the solar panel.


In this work we modeled a PV generator with an MPPT controller,
Choice of the model this study was realized by using the software Matlab reliable in the
Influence of irradiation & Temperature presentation of the results where we established calculation
SUNPOWER SPR-x21-345 module 10
SPR-X21-345 photovoltaic module I-V curve
350
SPR-315-E phot ovolt aic module P-V curve
programs in the form of the mathematical equations allowing to
200W/m

trace characteristic I (V). These studies are conducted on a solar


200W/ m
400W/m

with efficiency (=21.5%). The module 300 400W/ m


600W/m
8 600W/ m
m o d u le p o w e r (W )
m o d u le cu r r e n t (A )

800W/m

panel SUNPOWER SPR X21-345. The objective is to test the


800W/ m
1000W/ m 250
1000W/ m

is composed of 96 Monocrystalline 6
200

silicon cells connected between them 4


150 intensive and influential parameters on the modeling of a PV
in series to produce a power of 345W. 2
100
generator where we were particularly interested on the effect of
50

0
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80
0
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70
temperature and the solar irradiance incident.
module volt age(V) module voltage(V)

Fig. 3 I-V & P-V characteristics of the solar panel for different irradiation.