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FEDERALISM 101

A Presentation of the DILG Task Team on


Federalism
1
What is Federalism?
A system of government under
which significant government
powers are shared between the
federal government and the
Regional governments

2
How Is
Federalism
Different
From
Presidentia
l-Unitary
System?
In a PRESIDENTIAL-
In FEDERALISM, the
powers and
UNITARY system of resources of the
government, powers government are
and resources are under shared by the
the control of the federal government
central government and the Regional3
Unitary & Federal Countries
Unitary Federal
Countries Countries
LEBANON AUSTRIA
BANGLADESH GERMANY
PHILIPPINES CANADA
AFGHANISTAN UNITED STATES
KHAZAKSTAN AUSTRALIA
It is notable that the most stable and
progressive countries have federal forms
Source: Wikipidia 4
Least & Most Corrupt Countries
as per Transparency International
Most Corrupt Least Corrupt
Countries Countries

NORTH SOMAL AFGHANISTAN DENMA FINLAN SWEDE


KOREA IA RK D N

SOUTH IRAQ LIBYA NORWA SWITZERLA SINGAPO


SUDAN Y ND RE

VENEZUE ERITR SYRIA LUXEMBOU UNITED AUSTRALI


LA EA RG KINGDOM A
Majority of countries belong to the most
corrupt have unitary form of government
while the least corrupt are mostly federal
The Federal Government
Operates Under:
ONE FEDERAL CONSTITUTION
ONE ARMED FORCES
ONE FLAG
ONE CENTRAL BANK
ONE MONETARY SYSTEM
ONE FOREIGN POLICY
ONE EMBLEM
Distribution and Sharing of Powers

Federal Regional
National security Regional elections
Shared
Civil, political, intellectual, Regional Supreme Court,
property, human rights Health Metropolitan Trial Courts
Foreign relations Education
Licensure of public utilities
National elections Environment Administration and
Social Welfare
enforcement of Regional laws
External trade
Energy
Citizenship Regional socio-economic
Tourism
Currency/monetary system planning
Peace & Order
Immigration, extradition Regional Finance
Supreme Court decisions Regional infrastructure
How Will
Federalism
Help The
Country?
Let us count the 8
Establishing Powerful
Economic Regions
Federalism is not
simply a political
undertaking, it is
also an economic
effort.
By creating federal regions we shall
immediately establish centers of
power, finance and development
throughout the country.
9
Equalization Fund

An Equalization Fund shall be


established by the Federal
Government to provide more
funding support for those
regions in need to accelerate
their development and progress 10
Local Empowerment

Federalism allows regions to


exercise right to self-determination
such as to address their problems
based on their own geographic,
cultural, social and economic
conditions
11
Incentives to Live,
Work & Invest Outside
Manila
Federalism will promote
economic opportunities in the
regions and provide incentives
for Filipinos to live and work in
regions outside Metro Manila.
More investors may also decide to put
up their businesses outside Manila
thus creating more jobs and
opportunities to attract more people
away from the congested mega
cities.
12
Feasible Solution To
The Mindanao Issues

The creation of the Bangsamoro Regional


Government within a federalist system
will address concerns of our Muslim
brothers and sisters who crave more
autonomy over the governance and
administration of Muslim Mindanao.
13
Federalism on Political
Dynasties
In federalism with a strong
political party system,
political dynasties will
become irrelevant. Political
leaders will become more
accountable to their
Regional governments
constituents.
will no longer have
any excuse for delays
in services or projects.
14
Decentralization
and Devolution of Powers
Under the unitary system,
we only have one center
of power, finance and
development: the
Imperial Metro-Manila.
Under Federalism, more
powers are decentralized and
devolved to local
government
15
Power To Collect and Spend Taxes
For Own Development

Right now, local government


units can only collect real
estate taxes and business
permit fees.
In federalism, they can
retain most of their revenue
income collection
And they can spend the money on
programs and policies according to their
needs. 16
Proposed Sharing of Revenues

Under the present system, 80% of the


revenue collections goes to the
National Government and only 20% is
distributed to Local Government Units.

In federalism, the
distribution will be
reversed

17
Estimated Sharing of Internal
Revenue Allotment (IRA) Under
Federalism
PROPOSED SHARING
DESCRIPTION PRESENT SHARING UNDER FEDERALISM
% DIFFE-
SAMPLE REVENUE PhP1,000,000,000.00 PhP1,000,000,000.00 RENCE
NATIONAL GOVT
SHARE 60% PhP600,000,000 30% PhP300,000,000 -50%
Regional GOV'T
SHARE none
21% PhP 210,000,000
PROVINCIAL GOV'T
SHARE 9.2% PhP92,000,000
CITIES SHARE 9.2% PhP92,000,000 14.6% PhP 146,363,636 +63%
MUNICIPALITIES
SHARE 13.6% PhP136,000,000 21.36% PhP 216,363,636 +63%
BRGY SHARE 8.0% PhP80,000,000 12.72% PhP 127,272,727 +63%

18
Basic Features of Presidential-
Parliamentary Political System
THE EXECUTIVE AND LEGISLATIVE BRANCHES OF
GOVERNMENT ARE MERGED. (Reason: The Separation
of Power causes intense rivalry and competition for
power between the executive and legislative in a system
that has turned very adversarial like Congressional
Investigations of executive policies and actions, which
unnecessarily delay and obstruct legislation. )
THERE SHALL BE A BICAMERAL
LEGISLATIVE BODY. (Senate to
act as Principal Inter-governmental
Institution and there will be two (2)
Senators elected per region).

19
Basic Features, contd

There is a President who will be elected at large and


is nominated by a political party following established
procedures. He shall be the head of the state and
Commander-In-Chief;
The President shall also have the authority to dissolve
the Parliament under specific circumstances;
There shall be a Prime Minister (PM) who shall be
nominated by the majority of the members of the
Parliament and appointed by the President. The PM
shall be the head of government and can be removed
by electing a new Prime Minister anytime during the
term.
20
Cabinet Members
The President appoints the
Minister of Foreign Affairs, Defense
and the military officers with the
rank of full colonel and above.
Majority of the cabinet members
are chosen by the Prime Minister
from among the members of the
parliament.
21
Proposed Legislative Composition
Legislative Form/ Proposed
Powers Manner of Composition
Vested Election
SENATORS WILL BE
TWO (2) SENATORS
1. Members of ELECTED BY
FOR EVERY REGION
Senate and REGIONS
AND
Parliament MEMBERS OF MEMBERS OF
PARLIAMENT SHALL PARLIAMENT FOR
BE BY LEGISLATIVE EVERY LEGISLATIVE
DISTRICTS AND DISTRICTS AND PARTY
PROPORTIONAL REPRESENTATIONS
PARTY
REPRESENTATIONS

COMPOSED OF AT
UNIICAMERAL /
2. Regional ELECTED BY
LEAST
22
TWO (2)
Legislatures LEGISLATIVE
REPRESENTATIVES FOR
Proposed Regional
Governments
It is proposed that there shall be as
many federal regions as there are as
many ethno-linguistic groups in the
Philippines.
However, Regional Governments shall
be provided by the Federal Constitution
following territorial, population & GDP
requirements to determine sustainability.
A Regional Government may be formed
by at least 3 provinces or highly
urbanized cities provided that it satisfies
requirements provided by the
constitution.
Cordillera, Bangsamoro are deemed
qualified as Regional Governments, 23
What Will Happen To The Local
Government Units Under A
Federal System?
The local
government
units shall form
part of the
Regional
Government.
24
What Will Happen To The
Judiciary Under Federalism?

There shall be a
Federal Supreme
Court
Each region shall
also have its own
Regional Supreme
Courts and adopt
its judicial systems
25
Timeline

26
MODE TO REVISE
OUR CONSTITUTION
CON-ASS or Constituent Assembly,
constituted by the incumbent
Congressmen and Senators

CON-COM or Constitutional
Commission, which will be composed
by the Men and Women of integrity,
patriotism and experts in their
respective fields whose members are
directly appointed by the President.

27
Projected Timeline
It is probable that the constitutional revision shall
have been completed not later than 2018 and
submitted to the people thru a plebiscite by 2019,
coinciding with the Mid-Term National Election;

From June, 2019 to 2020, sub-national


government units (regions), in accordance with
the ratified Federal Constitution, will make their
respective Regional organic laws, submit for
approval to Parliament and shall be ratified by the
people thru a plebiscite
28
The Shift to Federal Republic
of The Philippines
By 2020 to 2021, the process of effective,
actual transition from unitary to a federal
government should take place.
On May 2022, we will probably elect the
President of the new Federal Republic of the
Philippines, together with the Members of
Parliament;
Federal President may be installed on June
30, 2022, and immediately thereafter, the
first Prime Minister and Members of the
Cabinet will be confirmed by the Parliament
29
Thank you!
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