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MADE BY :

RUBA KHAN (19864)


WERISHA JAVAID (19863)
RIMSHA SAEED (19885)
Overview
Introduction / Terminology
Computerized chess
Robocup
AI vs. HI
How robots make decisions
Applications of AI
The Humanoid COG
Terminology

Artificial Intelligence The collective attributes of a


computer, robot, or other device capable of performing
functions such as learning, decision making, or other
intelligent human behaviors.

Can Computers Exhibit Full AI?


Currently, no computers exhibit full artificial intelligence
(that is, are able to simulate human behavior). The
greatest advances have occurred in the field of games
playing .
COMPUTERIZED CHESS
The best computer chess programs are now capable of
beating humans. In May, 1997, an IBM super-computer
called Deep Blue defeated world chess champion
Gary Kasparov in a chess match. It is known for being
the first computer chess-playing system to win both a
chess game and a chess match against a reigning world
champion under regular time controls .
Robocup
Robocup is an international research effort to promote
autonomous robots.

Robots must cooperate in


Strategy acquisition
Real-time reasoning

Multi-agent collaboration

Competition against another


team of robots
Robocup

Each robot has


Video camera and
frame grabber
Sensor System

Kicker
Difference between Artificial Intelligence and Human
Intelligence
AI HI

Human intelligence is
something natural, no
artificiality is involved in it.

The brain uses content-


addressable memory .
Brains are analogue .
Highly developed system
of super goals .
processing and memory
are performed by the
same components
How do the robots make
decisions?
Control is based on a set of behaviors
Each behavior has a set of preconditions that
either
Must be satisfied
Are desired

A behavior is selected when all of the musts


become true
A behavior is selected from several behaviors
based on how many desired conditions are true
Applications of AI
Industrial Automation
Surgical operations
Hospitals
Planetary Exploration
Manufacturing
Military
And Many Others
The Humanoid COG
MITs finest
Broken down COG is just a
bunch of sensors and
actuators
Except for legs and a flexible
spine, COG has all the major
degrees of freedom of the
human upper body
Sight exists through video
cameras
Hearing, touch, hand motion,
and speech are being added
soon
Why build a human-like robot?
Our bodies are critical to the representations
that we use for internal thought and language
If a robot is looks like a human then it will be
natural for humans to interact with it in a
human-like way
To develop similar task constraints .