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Space Technology

Telescope is an instrument designed for
the observation of remote objects.
Optical telescope
Radio telescope
Optical telescope
Refracting telescope
Using solely an arrangement of lenses
Optical telescope
Reflecting telescope
Using solely an arrangement of mirrors
Refracting V.S. Reflecting telescope
Optical telescope
Magnification is the process of enlarging
something only in appearance, not in phys
ical size.
Magnification is also a number describing
by which factor an object was magnified.
Magnification of refracting telescope (M)
fo = focal length of objective lens
fe = focal length of eyepiece
M = fo / fe
Radio telescope
A radio telescope is a form of radio
receiver used in astronomy.
Optical V.S. Radio Telescope
1. Use convex lens or 1. Use parabolic dish
concave mirror to and aerial to receive
receive the light. the radio wave.
2. Receive visible light. 2. Receive radio wave.
3. Could be disturbed 3. Radio wave can
by the atmosphere. penetrate cloud.
4. The largest size is 4. The largest size is
approximately 5 m. approximately 300m.
5. Lower resolution 5. Higher resolution.
6. The image can be 6. Use computer to
seen by eyes. interpret.
Space telescope
Hubble Space Telescope:
a reflecting telescope.
2.4 m diameter concave mirror.
Orbit around the Earth at 600 km height
Chandra Observatory:
X-ray radio telescope
Satellite and Spacecraft
Satellite is an any object sent to orbit
around the Earth.
The first satellite in the world, which was
sent by Russia on October 4th 1957, is
Sputnik 1.
The American first satellite is Explorer 1,
sent on January 31st 1958.
Explorer 1
We use satellite in various aspects
Research: Astronomy.
Meteorology: Atmosphere, weather forecast.
Exploration: Forest, water source, mineral.
Communication: Long range
Espionage: War
Example of communication satellites
Palapa: Owned by Indonesia
Molniya: Owned by Russia
Intelsat: Orbit the Earth over the Indian
ocean, Pacific ocean, Atlantic ocean.
Thai COM: Thai COM 1A, 2, and 3
Example of meteorological satellites
GMS-3 of Japan
NOAA-8 and NOAA-9 of America
Example of exploration satellites
Spacecraft (spaceship) is a ship which
sent into the space with scientific
instruments, with or without human.
Spacecraft is used to explore the space,
planets, and Sun.
Spacecraft: without human
Voyager 1: Leaved the Earth on 1977.
Arrived Saturn on 1980. Recently, Voyager
1 has leaved the solar system.
Voyager 2: Arrived Uranus on 1986.
Arrived Neptune on 1989. Recently,
Voyager 2 has leaved the solar system.
Galileo: Explored Io and Europa.
Impacted Jupiter on September 2003
Spacecraft: without human
MER (Mars Exploration Rover): Arrived
Mars on January 4th 2003
SOHO: The cooperation between NASA
and ESA.
Spacecraft: without human
A car-sized robotic rover exploring Gale
Crater on Mars as part of NASA's Mars
Science Laboratory mission.
Landed on August 6, 2012.
Martian solar day
The term sol is used by planetary
astronomers to refer to the duration of a
solar day on Mars. A mean Martian solar
day, or "sol", is 24 hours, 39 minutes, and
35.244 seconds.
Main Objective of Curiosity
To help determine whether Mars could
ever have supported life, as well as
determining the role of water, and to study
the climate and geology of Mars.
Main Objective of Curiosity
1. Determine the nature and inventory of organic
carbon compounds
2. Investigate the chemical building blocks of life
(carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen,
phosphorus, and sulfur)
3. Identify features that may represent the effects
of biological processes (biosignatures and
Main Objective of Curiosity
Geological and geochemical
1. Investigate the chemical, isotopic, and
mineralogical composition of the Martian surface
and near-surface geological materials
2. Interpret the processes that have formed and
modified rocks and soils
Main Objective of Curiosity
Planetary process
1. Assess long-timescale (i.e., 4-billion-year)
Martian atmospheric evolution processes
2. Determine present state, distribution, and
cycling of water and carbon dioxide
Main Objective of Curiosity
Surface radiation
1. Characterize the broad spectrum of surface
radiation, including galactic and cosmic radiation,
solar proton events and secondary neutrons. As
part of its exploration, it also measured the
radiation exposure in the interior of the
spacecraft as it traveled to Mars, and it is
continuing radiation measurements as it explores
the surface of Mars. This data would be
important for a future manned mission.
New Horizon
New Horizon
Interplanetary space probe that was launched as
a part of NASA's New Frontiers program.
New Horizons was launched on January 19,
February 28, 2007, The Jupiter flyby provided a
gravity assist that increased New Horizons'
It was in hibernation mode to preserve on-board
New Horizon
On December 6, 2014, New Horizons was
brought back online for the Pluto encounter.
On January 15, 2015, the New Horizons
spacecraft began its approach phase to Pluto.
Plutos Hulk-like Moon Charon:
A Possible Ancient Ocean?
Spacecraft: with human
Apollo 11, 12, 14,15, 16, and 17 took
human landed to the moon and came
back safely. They brought 382 kg. soil and
rock from the moon. (Apollo 13 caught an
accident, however the astronauts came
back to the Earth safely)
International space station (ISS):
Created by the cooperation between 16
International Space Station