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PAST CONTINOUS TENSE

(NOMINAL SENTENCE)

CREATED BY :
GROUP 4
X MIPA 6
SMA NEGERI 1 MAJALENGKA

ENGLISH LM
PAST CONTINOUS
TENSE
(NOMINAL SENTENCE)
A. Pengertian Past Continuous
Tense

Past continuous tense ialah bentuk


waktu yang digunakan untuk
menyatakan suatu
perbuatan/peristiwa yang sedang
berlangsung di masa lampau ketika
peristiwa atau kejadian lain terjadi.
B. Rumus Past Continuous Tense.

Rumusan tense ini terdiri dari dua unsur, yaitu


past dan continuous. Ciri-ciri past ia selalu
menggunakan Verb-2 sedangkan continuous
selalu menggunakan to be + Verb-ing. Jika
digabung maka bentuk kedua (verb-2) dari to be
adalah was dan were sehingga rumus dasar past
continuous adalah: S + was/were + Verb-ing.

SUBJEK + TO BE + BEING +
ADJECTIVE/ADVERB
Past continuous tensejuga dikenal
dengan istilah past progressive tense.
Tense ini digunakan untuk
menggambarkan suatu pekerjaan atau
aktivitas yang sedang terjadi pada
masa lalu. Dikatakan continuous atau
progressive karena pekerjaannya
sedang dilakukan. Dan dikatakan past
karena terjadi pada masa lampau.
Be RUMUS CONTOH
nt
uk
+ Verbal S + was/were + She was reading
Verb-ing a book when I
come
Nominal S + was/were + When I was
nominal child, I was so
handsome
Verbal S + was/were + I was not
not + Verb-ing sleeping at
seven oclock
yesterday
Nominal S + was/were + Meeting
not + nominal president was
not in my
C. Fungsi Past Continuous Tense
1. Menunjukkan pekerjaan yang sedang
terjadi pada masa lampau.
Contoh:
I am sorry Jane, yesterday I could not help
you because Iwas washingmy car.
(Maaf Jane, aku tidak bisa menolongmu
kemarin, soalnya aku lagi mencuci
mobilku).
Shewas cryingin my shoulder so I could
not go any where.
(Dia menangis di pundakku jadi aku tidak
bisa pergi kemana-mana)
2. Menunjukkan dua buah aktifitas yang
sedang terjadi bersama-sama di masa
lampau.
Contoh:

The firewas burningmy house when my


motherwas cookinglast night.

Johnwas operatinghis computer when


Iwas watchinga movie.
(John sedang mengoperasikan komputer
ketika aku sedang nonton film)
3. Berfungsi untuk menunjukkan
aktifitas yang sedang terjadi di masa
lampau di saat kejadian lainnya
menyela.
Contoh:
My fatherwas takinga bath when I
knocked the door
(Ayaku sedang mandi ketika aku mengetuk
pintu)
She always interrupted me when Iwas
deliveringmy speech.
(Dia selalu menyela ketika aku sedang
berpidato)
D. Penggunaan Keterangan Waktu

Keterangan waktu yang digunakan sama


dengan past tense, yaitu mengandung last
+ time atau time + ago.
Pada fungsi nomor 2 dan 3, selalu ada kata
while atau when yang artinya ketika/pada
saat. Kita boleh saja menggunakan salah
satunya dan boleh ditukar-tukar, hanya
saja, akan lebih tepat jika kegiatannya
dilakukan bersamaan menggunakan while,
dan jika salah satu kegiatannya menyela
menggunakan when.
E. Contoh Kalimat Past Continuous.

1. I was there when youwas deliveringyour speech on


the stage.
(Aku ada di sana ketika kamu sedang menyampaikan
sambutan di atas panggung).
2. Juliewas cookingin the kitchen while Iwas watchinga
television yesterday morning.
(Julie sedang memasak di dapur ketika aku sedang
menonton tv kemarin pagi).
3. WasThidaratclimbingthe peak of Rinjani mountain
when Iwas sleepingin my tend last week?.
(apakah Thidarat sedang mendaki puncak gunung
Rinjani ketika aku sedang tidur di dalam tenda?).
4. The rainwas pouringheavy when I arrived at home
this morning.
(Hujan sedang turun dengan derasnya ketika aku
sampai di rumah pagi ini).
5. I am sorry I didnt know that you knocked at my door
yesterday because Iwas listeningto the music.
6. Shewas readinga book while the library was closed.
(Dia sedang membaca buku ketika perpustakaan
ditutup).
7. That buildingwas beingbuilt last year when I passed
last year, but now its already broken down.
(Bangunan itu sedang dibangun waktu aku lewat tahun
lalu tapi sekarang sudah dirobohkan).
8. Are you the one who called when Iwas walkingaround
with my girl friend in the mall yesterday?
(apakah kamu orangnya yang manggil saya waktu saya
lagi jalan sama pacar saya di mall kemarin?).
9. Wereyoudancingwith my girl friend when I went to
toilet?
(apakah kamu sedang berdansa dengan pacarku ketika
aku pergi ke toilet).
10. The musicwas playingwhen I left that bar last night.
(musik itu masih bermain ketika aku meninggalkan bar
kemarin malam).
CONTOH KALIMAT
NOMINAL:
1. (+) Anita was being sad when her Father
pass away two month ago

(-) Anita wasnt being sad when her


Father pass away two month ago

(?) Was Anita being sad when her Father


pass away two month ago?
2. (+) She was being happy when her
Mother birthday yesterday
(-) She wasnt being happy when her
Mother birthday yesterday
(?) Was She being happy when her
Mother birthday yesterday?
3. (+) My mom was being afraid when Im
sick last week
(-) My mom wasnt being afraid when Im
sick last week
(?) Were your mom being afraid when
you sick last week?
4. (+) She was being cried because
remember her father dead , yesterday.
(-) She wasnt being cried because
remember her father dead, yesterday.
(?) Was she being cried because
remember her father dead yesterday?
5. (+) Fadil was being happy when he get a
gift from him girlfriend yesterday.
(-) Fadil wasnt being happy when he get
a gift from him girlfriend yesterday.
(?) Was Fadil being happy when he get a
gift from him girlfriend yesterday?
6. (+) Ria was being afraid when her
mother sick, yesterday.
(-) Ria wasnt being afraid when her
mother sick , yesterday.
(?) Was ria being afraid when her mother
sick yesterday ?